Tag: "prospective" at medical news
Testing may one day pinpoint which early-stage cancer patients are at risk for relapse
...ired. The Agency's approval will likely require a prospective
study, with data obtained from patients deemed "relapse-free" for a period of five years. It is also common, however, for some specialty laboratories to make tests such as these available to some physicians to aid in clinical decision-making, recogni...
Early heart disease in parents linked to thicker artery walls in offspring
...ers collected information about heart disease in a prospective
fashion, with both the parents and children undergoing examinations every few years the parents since 1948, the offspring since 1971. The study showed that at any age, the average vessel wall thickness of the internal carotid arteries was greater i...
Cholesterol drug helps heart failure patients without high cholesterol
...he American Heart Association. "This is the first prospective
study to show that statins have beneficial effects in heart failure in the absence of coronary artery disease or high blood cholesterol," says senior author James K. Liao, M.D., director of vascular medicine research at Brigham & Women's Hospital and...
Expert reviews cannot be trusted
...erts represented the results of the United Kingdom prospective
diabetes study (UKPDS). Only six of the reviews included the finding that tight blood sugar control had no effect on overall or diabetes-related mortality. Just seven mentioned that giving the drug metformin was associated with decreased mortality. ...
Schizophrenia could cause patients to forget their medication
... associated with an overall impairment in habitual prospective
memory performance". The authors hypothesised that...zophrenia would have problems with tasks requiring prospective
memory. They might mistake remembering they have to do something with remembering they've actually d...
Severe childhood ADHD may predict alcohol, substance use problems in teen years
...r disorders, such as aggression and defiance. Such prospective
longitudinal analysis can best guide us in developing research-based prevention programs specifically targeted to help young people," he says. NIAAA supported the study together with the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the National Institute on Men...
Other highlights in the August 20 issue of JNCI
...ancer Collaborative Group analyzed data from eight prospective
studies of postmenopausal women and found that breast cancer risk increased with increasing body mass index (a measure of height with respect to weight). However, after adjusting for estrogens, the risk was substantially reduced, suggesting that the ...
Telomere length may be associated with risk of smoking-related cancers
...er. They say that the new findings warrant a large prospective
epidemiologic study designed to determine whether telomere length, measured in early life or at least before the onset of cancer, is associated with the risk of developing cancer....
Early detection of lung cancer possible with CAT and PET scans
...onths without major risks of progression. Although prospective
randomised trials are the proper instrument with w...uired to define the ideal algorithm. Furthermore, prospective
randomised trials are underway to analyse whether regular low-dose computed tomography can, in fact,...
Dental procedure may reduce risk of premature birth
...n. Study participants were recruited from a large prospective
study of 3,000 pregnant women who were between 21 and 25 weeks gestation and who had at least three sites (the area between teeth and gums) with clinical periodontal attachment loss greater than or equal to three millimeters. Patients were randomly ...
Detection of glycoprotein could indentify ovarian and uterine cancers with poor prognosis
...associated with poor clinical outcomeWell-designed prospective
studies are needed to validate use of L1 expression in the classification and treatment of patients with ovarian and uterine carcinomas. L1-based diagnosis and prognosis could make an important contribution towards a better management and treatment o...
Successful prostate surgery: It's quality of surgery not quantity that matters most
...st with patients about their own success rates and prospective
patients should not be afraid to ask tough questions, a leading urologist said today (Monday 22 September). Professor Hendrik Van Poppel told ECCO 12 The European Cancer Conference that his research showed that contrary to what might be expected, e...
Study shows increased risk of cancer for stressed women
...e of developing breast cancer, according to a new, prospective
study of Swedish women, ECCO12 The European Cance... subsequent breast cancer. He said: "This study is prospective
and is based on information that is unbiased with respect to knowledge of disease. Therefore it can...
Delays in heart attack care erode the difference between two emergency therapies
...hy the life-saving benefits of angioplasty seen in prospective
studies at major medical centers haven't always be...ime for angioplasty, using data from 21 randomized prospective
clinical trials, the U-M authors were able to see clearly the effect of time delay on patient outcom...
CRESTOR (TM) improves apolipoprotein and lipid ratios - markers of cardiovascular disease risk
...astatin 40mg.3,4 Lead investigator for the STELLAR prospective
planned analysis, Dr Evan Stein, Metabolic & Ather...r, Cincinnati, Ohio commented: "A number of recent prospective
and intervention studies have clearly demonstrated the enhanced ability of apolipoproteins and lipid...
First reported cases of North Asian tick typhus among North Americans
study of paleontologists visiting Mongolia has res...c to the US) caused by Rickettsia rickettsia. In a prospective
study, Matthew R. Lewin from the University of California San Francisco, USA, and colleagues analyse...
New Penn study shows genes may influence smoking cessation
... new evidence for the effects of dopamine genes on prospective
smoking cessation and underscores the importance of not limiting genetic investigations of smoking behavior to single gene effects," said Lerman. In previous research, the same variant of the dopamine transporter gene has been associated with highe...
Study overcomes stroke care's biggest travesty
... communities, with further randomized, controlled, prospective
studies. Since its introduction in 1996, tPA (short for tissue plasminogen activator) has helped tens of thousands of stroke victims who received it within three hours of the onset of their symptoms. By breaking up the blood clots that cause 80 perce...
NHLBI study finds hostility, impatience increase hypertension risk
...Affairs Medical Center. The research is the first prospective
study to examine as a group the effects of key type A behaviors, depression, and anxiety on the long-term risk for high blood pressure. Earlier studies had mostly looked at individual psychological and social behaviors, and found conflicting results...
Stroke treatment may come from physiological determinations not time frame, says Pitt
... he said. "The hypothesis remains to be proven in prospective
studies using imaging technologies that will allow accurate identification of core and penumbra in acute stroke patients," he added. Also participating in the study from the University of Pittsburgh were Howard Yonas, M.D., professor of neurosurgery;...
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