Tag: "proteins" at medical news
Transformation of heated meat substitutes is unpredictable
...have investigated the molecular structure of plant proteins
that must provide alternatives for the animal proteins
in our food over the next 10 years. They discovered that proteins
with a similar chemical structure ...
Statins and aspirin may protect against severe vision loss in elderly
...nce of inflammation. Statins inhibit production of proteins
involved in inflammation and reduce the role of immune cells in inflammation. They also are antioxidants, which have been shown to reduce risk of CNV in AMD patients. "There are lots of good reasons to be on statins and aspirin," Duncan concludes. "T...
Cell research uncovers intriguing clues to 'Trojan horse' gene in HIV infection
...Hospital of Philadelphia, have identified cellular proteins
expressed during HIV infection that enable HIV-inf...with surviving T cells, the researchers identified proteins
that were associated with cell survival. "Our evidence strongly suggests that a gene called HALP pl...
Hopkins' young researchers honored for their contributions
...ial ribosome controls movement of messenger RNA as proteins
are built. A complex of RNA and proteins, the ribo...hought essential for RNA "threading" still allowed proteins
to be built. Then, in Molecular Cell in 2003, Southworth and graduate student Anthony Cukras identif...
Duke scientists overcome immune resistance in dendritic cell vaccines for cancer
...stigators" of the immune system, detecting foreign proteins
in the body -- for example from bacteria and virus... contrast, dendritic cells can be laced with tumor proteins
or RNA that already contain tumor-specific antigens a much easier task than isolating the antigens,...
Researchers testing compounds that may stop replication of T-cell leukemia virus
...uts long strings of amino acids to form functional proteins
that make a mature HTLV-I virus -- a distant cousi...hese elements are involved in binding to the viral proteins
and what factors are important in the assembly of viral particles. Once he identifies the approximat...
Deleting neural STAT3 protein in mice
...nd fertility, according to Yale researchers. STAT3 proteins
are regulatory molecules that signal cell functions for activating genes. When the STAT3 molecules are disrupted in mice, the animals either die before they are born, or overeat and become obese, diabetic and infertile, according to the study publish...
NIAID vaccine protects against SARS virus infection in mice
...accine works by directing the body's cells to make proteins
very similar to those on the surface of the SARS virus. These proteins
trigger the immune system to mount a defense effective enough to recognize and neutralize any subseq...
Popular chewing gum eliminates bacteria that cause bad breath
...atile sulfur compounds through the putrefaction of proteins
and are considered the major contributors to halitosis, or bad breath. The gum that contained natural flavors but no cinnamic aldehyde also reduced the number of bacteria by about 40 percent. "The result was puzzling at first, but after compiling ou...
Existing therapies applied to new use in broader spectrum of cancer care
...cell surface receptors, and GABA receptor membrane proteins
are present not only in the brain, but on colon and ovarian cancer cells as well. Premal Thaker, M.D., and colleagues, tested whether Nembutal activated GABA receptors on the cancer cells both in culture and in vivo using ...
Advances in prevention and treatment research hold promise for 'pipeline'
...nt by combining parts of papillomavirus structural proteins
with the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Alison McCorm...ch demonstrated that virus-like particles from HPV proteins
were very effective in generating an antibody response to a particular strain of the virus, but that...
Mayo Clinic researchers discover gene mutations that 'ignore' stress, lead to heart failure
...yo researchers are the first to realize that these proteins
do not recognize the stress alarm. As a result, th...s of heart failure which has identified defects in proteins
involved in the mechanics of cardiac pumping, not in the communication pathways of stress-management...
Self-assembling proteins could help repair human tissue
...researchers have created a new class of artificial proteins
that can assemble themselves into a gel and encour...rogel is made by mixing specially designed modular proteins
in a buffered water solution. Each protein consists of a flexible central coil, containing a bioacti...
Nanotech imaging, molecular fingerprints and signatures hold promise for cancer
...cancer: Abstract No. 4774 A unique set of proteins
produced by ovarian cancer cells serves as a signa...University Medical Student, identified a subset of proteins
produced by ovarian cancer cells that differ in quantity and/or identity from the proteins
found in ...
Genome sequence reveals leaner, meaner intestinal parasite
...r reconstructing the predicted genes and resulting proteins
of one form of C. parvum, researcher Mitchell S. Abrahamsen, Ph.D., University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, and his team discovered that Cryptosporidium is missing two organelles commonly found in related protozoan parasites. Gone is the apicoplast, a...
Genetic mutation linked to infant lung disease
... serious lack of surfactant, a mixture of fats and proteins
that enables lung expansion and contraction and maintains the low surface tension needed to prevent lung collapse. Study co-author Lawrence Nogee, M.D., a neonatologist at the Children's Center, speculates that since the ABCA3 gene is relat...
Mouse model mimics real-world plague infection
...ine invented at USAMRIID is a fusion of protective proteins
referred to as F1-V. The F1-V vaccine has been shown to protect mice, black-footed ferrets and monkeys against injected plague. Furthermore, USAMRIID has shown the vaccine protects both mice and monkeys against the highly lethal form of inhaled plagu...
Study: Carbon dioxide may find new use in producing medical implants
...which they then filled with supercritical CO2. The proteins
contained a fluorescent biomarker, so the researchers were able to track how well the proteins
penetrated the plastic by examining cross-sections of the material under a microscope in ultraviolet...
Inhibitors prevent aggresome formation associated with some forms of ALS
...ic metalloenzyme Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) proteins
cause about 20% of familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sc... between the misfolded SOD protein and specialized proteins
in the cell that transport cargo, the dynein/dynactin transport machinery. The authors note that a r...
Blood-forming stem cells fail to repair heart muscle in Stanford study
...saw clusters of green cells, but none of them made proteins
typical of heart muscle. However, the green cells did produce proteins
commonly made by blood cells. By 30 days, very few green cells remained in the heart, and those that...
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