Tag: "radical" at medical news
Cultural and social factors influence prostate cancer treatment
...owever, the treatment options for prostate cancer radical
prostatectomy, external beam radiation, and brachytherapy have no evidence of clear mortality benefit over expectant treatment (i.e., observation). Moreover, the treatments can lead to serious side effects, including urinary incontinence, impotence,...
Traffic fumes damage DNA
...s an indicator of DNA damage caused by oxygen free radical
activity in the body. Blood samples were also take...hors conclude that traffic fumes boost oxygen free radical
activity and therefore DNA damage, and that environmental levels should be curbed to protect people'...
Neoadjuvant and adjuvant systemic therapy for breast cancer give equivalent survival, study finds
...may lead to a more limited extent of surgery--from radical
mastectomy to some type of breast-conserving surgery--without risking patient survival. For these reasons, interest in the use of neoadjuvant therapy has been increasing. To investigate how the timing of systemic therapy affects breast cancer outcome...
Disaster funding needs radical reform
...asters are here to stay, funding arrangements need radical
reform, say the authors. Central to this is the need for UN relief agencies to be funded by assessed contributions rather than having to appeal for money after each disaster. This would allow agencies to build reserve funds, to invest in training, an...
Diet, exercise, stimulating environment helps old dogs learn
...earch suggests that antioxidants might reduce free radical
damage to neurons in the brain, which scientists b...help neurons function more efficiently, slash free radical
production and lead to improvements in brain function. Other studies suggest that stimulating enviro...
Adding radiation therapy to chemotherapy improves survival in patients with high-risk breast cancer
...patients with high-risk breast cancer treated with radical
mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, the addition... and chest wall) to a course of chemotherapy after radical
mastectomy in premenopausal women with lymph nodepositive breast cancer. Between 1979 and 1986, 318 ...
New theory chalenges current view of how brain stores long-term memory
...m. Although Routtenberg's model may represent a radical
departure from the current view of how long-term memories are stored, he believes that scientists need to articulate alternative models other than the prevailing one. A more accurate description will help address issues of memory loss in mental ...
Rush University Medical Center testing magnetic stimulation for depression
... at Rush. "If proven effective, TMS could signal a radical
shift in our approach to treating major depression." Depression is commonly treated with antidepressants and other pharmaceuticals, psychotherapy and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for severe cases when patients do not respond to other therapies. Th...
Problem gambling is a serious health issue
...d Kingdom is just about to undergo one of the most radical
changes of gambling legislation in its history. The new gambling bill will provide the British public with increased opportunities and access to gambling like they have never seen before. The health and social costs of problem gambling are large on b...
Early disclosure: Post-operative radiotherapy improves progression-free survival in prostate cancer
... for localised prostate cancer. From 1992 onwards, radical
prostatectomy was more frequently used for patient...statectomy versus a wait-and-see policy, following radical
prostatectomy. Trial participants had no lymph node involvement and no metastatic disease but all di...
Exercising limbs protects brain cells affected by Parkinson's, study in rodents shows
...ility to the effects of oxidative stress from free radical
molecules that are produced by the toxin we use in our rat model," Dr. Zigmond explained. Parkinson's is induced by giving animals a substance called 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). The toxin results in brain pathology that mimics what is seen in human...
Exercise prevents Parkinson's symptoms in lab model mimicking human form of the disease
...other brain disorders that are also caused by free radical
damage. Although GDNF is found only in the brain, ...that exercise somehow protects the heart from free radical
damage. "So exercise, one way or the other, seems to be an extremely good ...
When looking isn't seeing: Is cockpit design flawed?
...gn of aircraft cockpit displays may benefit from a radical
change. The work, to be reported in a forthcoming issue of Phil. Trans. A, a journal of the Royal Society, challenges the previous scientific consensus and indicates that changing displays so they flicker, use one colour and contain more objects will...
Childproof packaging new designs could save lives
...ineers and designers has led to the development of radical
but practical new child-resistant closure (CRC) designs. Because they are easier for adults to open, the containers will discourage the decanting of medicines into unsafe packaging a practice which currently causes an estimated 10,000 cases/year...
Kidney cancer surgery safer at high-volume hospitals
...alth Care Research and Quality. Patients underwent radical
nephrectomy (complete removal of the kidney), neph...ies, a newer procedure that's equally effective as radical
nephrectomy at controlling cancer. Patients who had this procedure at a high-volume hospital saw bet...
University of Pittsburgh approach has lung recipients taking far fewer drugs
...t the transplant community embrace the notion that radical
change is warranted," noted Dr. McCurry. "Personally, I think our approach will presage significant improvements in outcomes for lung transplantation," he added....
Obese men may have increased risk for prostate cancer recurrence after surgery
...pendent predictor of biochemical failure following radical
prostatectomy. Stephen J. Freedland, William J. Aronson, Christopher J. Kane, Joseph C. Presti, Christopher L. Amling, David Elashoff, Martha K. Terris....
Negative side effects downplayed in prostate cancer treatment guides, U-M study finds
...e cancer is usually treated with watchful waiting, radical
prostatectomy, radiation therapy or hormone therap...did not discuss the need for hospitalization after radical
prostatectomy and only 53 percent of print materials talked about catheterization. Incontinence and ...
Medical research suffers under data protection law
...al researchers. That those who enact and interpret radical
social legislation should be so ignorant of its actual effects is alarming, they write. Medical researchers have been allowed confidential access to medical records throughout the ages. Many lives and a great deal of public money would be saved if a ...
Research study profiles indoor tanners
...f people and organizations who also want to impose radical
dietary or lifestyle restrictions on the public. However, our survey demonstrated that indoor tanners are individualists who understand that some medical associations and physicians have their own conflict of interests with the tanning industry," St...
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