Tag: "rates" at medical news
Use Of Surfectant Therapy Widens Gap In Death Rate Of Black And White Newborns
... the disparity in the black and whitenewborn death rates
once it became widely used in clinical practice," saidAaron Hamvas, M.D., lead author of the study and assistant professor ofpediatrics. Surfactant therapy is given to premature infants with respiratorydistress syndrome (RDS). The breathing disorder ...
Hopkins Researchers Develop Under-The-Skin Implant For Pain Treatment
...ment to people in developing nations, where cancer rates
are high, but little or no treatment for pain is available. "India produces 80 percent of the world's opiates, yet only a minuscule amount of oral morphine was prescribed to cancer patients last year," says Grossman. "Because of limited financial re...
Study Demonstrates Safety & Effectiveness Of Asthma Drug
...reasing asthma severity, hospitalization and death rates
seenworld-wide. These studies included patients with moderate, as well as mild,asthma who were using beta-agonists along with other asthma medications. Chinchilli said the sample size of 255 patients with mild asthma from fiveparticipating medical ce...
Study Shows Major Savings In Supervising TB Care
...h drug treatment. From 1981 through 1992, while TB rates
increased 1.8 percent among the 20 cities with the highest TB rates
in 1981, the rate declined by 51.7 percent in Baltimore, according to a previous report by Hopkins r...
It Matters Where, In America, You Suffer A Heart Attack
...them up to one year later. They found that the rates
of death and second heart attacks were almost the same across the country, but that the use of interventional procedures and hospital stays varied widely, more than they expected. "The contrasts were quite striking, including some large differences i...
Premature Birth Sometimes Can Adversely Affect Infant's Ties To Mother
... troubling, Mangelsdorf said, was a decline in the rates
of secure parent-infantrelationships in the first two years. "At 19 months, 75 percent ofnormal full-term babies were rated as secure, but attachment security forvery low birth-weight babies was just under 50 percent. At 14 months, thedistributions o...
Program Provides Treatment For Prison-Released HIV-Positive Women
...prison release program's first year had recidivism rates
of 12percent within six months and 17 percent with...e prison who werenot in the program had recidivism rates
of 27 percent within six months and 39percent within one year. Forty-one HIV-negative women who had ...
ACTG Protocol 185 Enrollment Halted
...4.7% versus 4.8%, respectively). The transmission rates
were well below the anticipated transmission rate ...delines of this study. Given the unexpectedly low rates
of transmission and the low ability to detect a treatment difference under the current study design,...
UNC-CH Study Shows State Protects HMO Clients Poorly
...ts top marks for both its oversight of HMO premium rates
and its financial solvency requirements, she said. It received D-minuses for both how much consumers participate in HMO governance and how consumers can get information about HMOs. Information available to consumers about competin...
TB Prophylaxis Unnecessary In HIV-Infected People With Anergy, Study Suggests
... of Morbidity and Mortality WeeklyReport. "The low rates
of TB in both the treatment and placebo groups (three cases outof 260 patients, and six cases out of 257 patients, respectively)," says Dr.Gordin, "indicate that TB may be under much better control than in 1991 when theCDC suggested that INH preventi...
"Super Aspirin" Holds Long-Term Benefits For Some Patients Who Undergo Balloon Angioplasty
...nary stents, have dramatically improved success rates
for nonsurgical coronary revascularization, complications following balloon angioplasty remain an important problem associated with mortality. An intravenous "super aspirin" called abciximab (ReoPro™, Centocor, Inc., Malvern, PA) ...
Planning Researcher Finds Best Neighborhoods Aren't Always Best At Preventing Infant Mortality
...ere factors likerace, low-income and low-education rates
mean more infant deaths. The focus, however, is no... onthose where higher incomes and higher education rates
mean lowinfant mortality, but on those neighborhoods beating the odds. "The good news is that ther...
Society Of Actuaries Surveys Experts On Longer Life Spans And Forecasting Mortality For Social Security
...roject, whichwill test the impact of new mortality rates
on social security financing forCanada, Mexico and the United States against the impact of current rates. Phase3 results will be announced during the Society's Feb. 17 session at the 1998Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement ...
Study Finds Incidence Of Stroke Over 40 Percent Higher Than Previously Stated Figures
...ent strokes is an understated problem. Even if our rates
did notchange at all, our numbers will increase as...ly affects the African-American population. Death rates
forstroke are 97 percent higher for black males, when compared to white males, and71 percent higher ...
"Powerful New Tool" For AIDS Is Reported In Science
...n. Initial in vivo results of T cell proliferation rates
in AIDS patients using isotope mass spectrometric ...ound Knowing the daily production and destruction rates
of T cells and HIV virons explains a lot about the causes of immune deficiency. How can we tell if...
Setting Prescribing Budgets In General Practice
...and there are wide variations between practices in rates
and costs of prescribing. In this week's BMJ, Majeed and Head argue that capitation based formulas for prescribing are very crude tools and that health authority pharmaceutical and medical advisers should use their knowledge of local factors when se...
Declining National Rates Of HIV-Related Deaths And Illnesses Due To Combination Antiretroviral Therapy With Protease Inhibitors
...mbination therapy with a protease inhibitor. Death rates
andincidence of opportunistic infection were compa... Ryan White Care Act prescription programs). Death rates
and protease inhibitor prescription rateswere then analyzed by source of payment. Palella's ...
Prospects For Surviving Heart Attack Emergency Improve When Clot-Busting Drugs
Are Combined With Balloon Pump Inserted In Aorta
...usting drugs died, Barron found.In contrast, death rates
in patients given emergency angioplasties toclear coronary arteries were 44 percent with the pump and 47 percentwithout, not a significant difference according to Barron. The senior scientist on the study, Tony Chou, MD, assistant professor o...
First Trimester Screening For Down Syndrome Possible, NICHD-Funded Study Finds
... study also found that in the first trimester, the rates
fordetection of Down syndrome were low for both serum alpha-fetoprotein (17percent) and unconjugated estriol (4 percent)....
Higher Prices Won't Stop Teenage Smokers
...cigarettes will have a far less dramatic effect on rates
of teen-age smoking than politicians are hoping, a...ese studies attempted to analyze how youth smoking rates
were affected by differences in cigarette taxes from state to state. "The problem with this cross-s...
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