Tag: "rigorous" at medical news

Student identifies electrical changes preceding heart failure

...dergraduate students, particularly during the most rigorous parts of their programs, but I made an exception for Sam, and I am glad that I did," Tomaselli said. "Sam is the type of student who has the attributes to become a leader in biomedical research." Hahn's work was supported through the Johns Hopkins Pr...

Portable system offers dialysis patients 'liberating' changes

...is making life easier for some patients undergoing rigorous dialysis for kidney failure. A year ago, researchers at IU and across the country began testing the NxStage System One, a portable unit that allows patients to conduct their own dialysis at home or on the road. And the preliminary results are promis...

Honorary doctors, 2005

... of Finland, he has made sure the organisation was rigorous in its setting up of clear strategic goals as well as in its scientific evaluation work and investments in elite research. Professor Vihko began his research career at Karolinska Institutet in the 1960s and has kept in close contact ever since with t...

Researchers track program's success in curbing aggressive behavior

...high school. "The experiment is unique because its rigorous scientific design was developed in partnership with the Baltimore schools and communities, and it demonstrates long-term benefit into adulthood of an intervention begun in first grade. It shows helping all children in a classroom benefits those at mo...

Campus can be effective site for anti-smoking efforts

...ences in the design of the studies and a dearth of rigorous research made it impossible to draw hard conclusions on the most effective tobacco-reduction strategies, Murphy-Hoefer says. Still, the CDC review does reveal clues about what works and suggest new research paths especially those that include larger...

Monkey 'pay-per-view' study could aid understanding of autism

...arters. They say their research technique offers a rigorous laboratory approach to studying the "social machinery" of the brain and how this machinery goes tragically awry in autism -- a disease that afflicts more than a million Americans and is the fastest growing developmental disorder. In an article publis...

Routine use of nose-to-stomach tube slows recovery from abdominal surgery

...ay have produced biased results. To conduct a more rigorous analysis including numerous recent studies, Nelson and his co-authors identified 28 randomized controlled trials of emergency or elective abdominal surgeries. They did not include studies of laparoscopic surgeries or those involving gastrostomy -- an...

Clinical trial participants fare no better, no worse than other patients

...e treatment under study. Critics, however, say the rigorous standards for inclusion in trials and the nature o...n "cohort comparisons" that fall short of the most rigorous randomized controlled trials, but Vist says patients similar to the controlled trial participants ca...

Counseling encourages exercise; environment changes may help

...iewed by Matson-Koffman and colleagues were not as rigorous as the randomized controlled trials included in the Cochrane analysis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that adults participate in "moderate-intensity" exercise walking briskly, dancing, swimming or bicycling for 30 minutes...

Authors warn of inaccuracies concerning use of race in health & social science research

...as well as conceptually sound and methodologically rigorous measures of race at a level not yet universal in a... We hope that by forging ahead with scientifically rigorous research and accompanying that research with deep inquiry into social, ethical, and legal implicatio...

Exposed: Tobacco industrys' efforts to cast doubt

...rature to be vigilant in demanding and maintaining rigorous standards for disclosing and evaluating potential conflicts of interest. Universities and other biomedical researchers should stop taking money from the tobacco industry in order to minimise the potential for any impairment of the integrity of the sc...

Entrepreneurism Center at UC San Diego funds commercialization of lung, shock, other devices

...licitation. All of these applicants went through a rigorous screening process, which included reviews by an external committee of industry experts. Of the eight new grants, two each went to researchers in the Bioengineering, Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Structural Engineering departments. One awar...

Scents and emotions linked by learning, Brown study shows

...it that association. Herz wasn't surprised. Little rigorous data exists, Herz said, to back a genetic theory of odor and perception. Herz said cultural studies of olfaction also back her results. Americans, for example, tend to like the smell of wintergreen, a common ingredient in candy and gum. Yet in Britai...

Studies reveal physicians' attitudes on end-of-life care

...here seemed to be both a greater willingness to be rigorous in end-of-life care but also less willingness to cross that line into actually intending death," he added. Kaldjian said the reasons for this attitude are open for discussion because the statistical study was descriptive, not designed to establish ca...

Ongoing transfusions needed to avoid strokes in children with sickle cell disease

...ired in the study protocol, which is probably more rigorous than you can expect in clinical practice, we still had two children experience strokes. Although TCD indicated that stroke risk had returned, there was not much time after the first abnormal TCD in these children to respond and restart treatment." Dr...

Virtual colonoscopy shows significant promise as colorectal cancer screening option

...y is associated with discomfort and still requires rigorous preparation, often the most daunting challenge to compliance. Many practical issues still need to be addressed, including standardization of test performance, patient preparation and interpretation of test results before CT colonography can be recom...

Small study shows SAMe may improve treatment of depression

...ted it might be useful in treating depression, few rigorous research trials have been carried out. The current study was designed to investigate whether adding SAMe to antidepressant treatment could improve the results for patients for whom a single medication had not relieved symptoms. The study enrolled 3...

Rush University Medical Center testing magnetic stimulation for depression

...search project. Information from this larger, more rigorous trial will be provided to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to support regulatory clearance of the Neuronetics TMS System for use in treating depression. The double-blind study will test the new treatment while controlling for this so-called "pla...

Northwestern Memorial Hospital testing new procedure for patients with major depression

...uce an antidepressant effect. This larger and more rigorous trial will compare the effects of TMS on mood as compared to placebo and the information will be provided to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to support regulatory clearance of the Neuronetics TMS System for clinical use in the treatment of ...

Can we learn new tricks from an old drug in treating heart attacks?

...erican Journal of Therapeutics. "Although further, rigorous 'proof of concept' studies will be needed, Dr. Bacaner's ideas about the importance of the sympathetic nervous system may offer a new paradigm for the understanding of heart disease."...

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(Date:4/14/2014)... orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa may provide insight ... behavior issues in other areas of the world, which ... that could lead to successful interventions. , A ... United Nations mentions that due to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, ... African, children are at an increased risk for mental ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... A new study shows that moderate to severe ... risk of stroke, cancer and death. , Results of ... to severe obstructive sleep apnea were four times more ... times more likely to have a stroke (HR = ... (HR = 3.4), and 2.5 times more likely to ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Dallas study involving serious youth offenders, the answer to one ... seven years: "How long do you think you,ll live?", According ... offending over time., Author Dr. Alex Piquero said the study ... of them offend at very high rates and commit more ... much later in life offend much less., "In a lot ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important ... has found. , Depressive symptoms increased on average by 68 ... young men, who were around 25 years old when they ... their children. The results of the study were published April ... is the first to identify when young fathers are at ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Lower weight babies and babies who aren,t breastfed ... risk of developing chronic inflammation and related health ... study. , "There were good reasons to hypothesize ... inflammation in adulthood," says Thomas McDade (Northwestern University), ... in the Child & Brain Development program. "It ...
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