Tag: "rna" at medical news

UIC professor receives international humanitarian award

Dr. Samuel Epstein, professor emeritus of environmental and occupational medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, has received the Albert Schweitzer Golden Grand Medal for Humanitarianism.... ...The award, given by the Albert Schweitzer World Academy of Medicine, honors Epstein for his "longstanding and pioneering international contributions to cancer prevention....

International breast cancer prevention study launches in the United States and Canada

Boston-March 30, 2005 Today, a new clinical trial evaluating a novel approach to breast cancer prevention launched in the United States and Canada. Called the ExCel research study, this is the first North American clinical trial to evaluate the role of an aromatase inhibitor in the prevention of breast cancer. ......Coordinated by the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group...

National Academies advisory: May 2 Symposium on International Science Policy

Many of the issues facing the world -- such as emerging infectious diseases, global climate change, energy sources, human migration, and the problems of megacities and environmental sustainability -- are fundamentally international and do not respect national borders. Confronting these problems requires organizing the world's science, health, and technology communities to provide policy advice. ....

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

1. ... ...Giselle P. Lim, Frdric Calon, Takashi Morihara, Fusheng Yang, Bruce Teter, Oliver Ubeda, Norman Salem Jr, Sally A. Frautschy, and Greg M. Cole... ...Low levels of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been reported in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), as has evidence for an AD protective effect of increased marine fish consumption, a...

Costs of antidepressants could have funded effective alternatives

Some of the costs of prescribing antidepressant drugs over the last decade could have been used to deliver psychological treatments of proven effectiveness, finds a study published online by the BMJ today....... Prescribing of antidepressant drugs has risen dramatically in the United Kingdom since the early 1990s. Cognitive behaviour therapy is an effective alternative to drugs, but has not been...

Mechanism of RNA recoding: New twists in brain protein production

University of Connecticut Health Center scientist, Robert Reenan, has uncovered new rules of RNA recoding--a genetic editing method cells use to expand the number of proteins assembled from a single DNA code. According to his work, the shape a particular RNA adopts solely determines how editing enzymes modify the information molecule inside cells. The study may help explain the remarkable adaptab...

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

1. ...... Irina Bystron, Zoltn Molnr, Vladimir Otellin, and Colin Blakemore ...... This week, Bystron et al. provide information on the earliest neurons that appear in the human telencephalon, well before the formation of the cortical plate or the onset of synaptogenesis. They identified the cells as neurons based on microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2) immunoreactivity in tissue available fr...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2005 (second issue)

...In a large cohort of patients from 5 intensive care units (ICUs), patients who developed bloodstream infections while in the unit were 7 times more likely to die that those who did not develop such infections. In addition, researchers found that the mortality rate among the less severely ill ICU patients who developed a bloodstream infection was higher than that for more severely ill patient...

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for March 15, 2005

...--It's Not Necessarily the Carbs or Loss of Fluids. It's Fewer Calories...... A new three-week in-hospital study of ten obese volunteers with mild type 2 diabetes mellitus compared a usual diet with a very low-carbohydrate diet (Article, p. 403). ...... During the first study week, participants ate about 3,000 calories and 300 grams of carbohydrates per day and remained at entry weight..........

Awards & fellowships at the International & American Association for Dental Research General Session

Baltimore, MD...As part of the Opening Ceremonies of their 83rd General Session and 34th Annual Meeting, convening today at the Baltimore Convention Center, the International and American Associations for Dental Research will present numerous prestigious awards and fellowships. Details follow: ...... ...Presented to Tom Lehner (Guy's, King's and St Thomas' Hospital Medical and Dental School, King...

News briefs from the journal CHEST, March 2005

Sodium Bicarbonate Can Help Treat Children With Life-Threatening Asthma... ...Sodium bicarbonate, commonly known as baking soda, may help treat children with life-threatening asthma (LTA), according to a new study. Researchers at Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rottendam, the Netherlands, assessed the PICU medical records of all children with LTA who received IV sodium biocarbonate betwe...

Lectures, keynoters, symposia highlight International Dental Research meeting

Baltimore, MD...Following is a summary of the key lectures (plenary sessions), symposia, and workshops that will anchor the 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, convening March 9 at the Baltimore Convention Center: All presentations will be in the Convention Center unless otherwise noted. ...... ...... "From Proprietary Trade School to Integral Component of t...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2005 (first issue)

...... International experts in infectious disease and epidemiology consider it likely that there will be a recurrent outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or other newly emerging and serious transmissible respiratory pathogens, according to the published conclusions of a workshop on the highly infectious disease. Writing in the first issue for March 2005 of the American Thoracic...

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

... ...Ralph Feuer, Robb R. Pagarigan, Stephanie Harkins, Fei Liu, Isabelle P. Hunziker, and J. Lindsay Whitton... ...Coxsackievirus B (CVB) infections can cause serious consequences such as meningoencephalitis, particularly in newborns and young children. This week, Feuer et al. track the insidious path of CVB3 infection in neonatal mice....

Society of Hospital Medicine to launch new medical journal

The Society of Hospital Medicine (SHM) has announced plans to launch a new peer-reviewed medical journal, The Journal of Hospital Medicine, in 2006 to promote the science and practice of hospital medicine and the enhancement of inpatient care. ...... In addition, SHM has signed an agreement with global publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc. to publish the journal. The agreement represents the second p...

Maternal feeding practices are linked to childhood obesity

Currently, an estimated 25% of American children are obese, and the prevention of childhood obesity has become a vital public health priority because obese children are much more likely to become obese adults. Although factors such as the sex, ethnicity or socioeconomic status of the child have been thought to affect a childs weight, a new study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition find...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February (second issue)

COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY DETECTS LUNG CANCER AT EARLIEST STAGE... ...In a study that screened 1,520 individuals age 50 and over at high risk for lung cancer, low-dose...computed tomography detected 23 cases alone while sputum cytology analysis detected two alone, according to Mayo Clinic investigators. (Lung cancer is the most common fatal malignancy among adults in the U.S.) Researchers pointed to...

Advances in Uterine Leiomyoma Research: 2nd NIH International Congress

The National Institutes of Health will host "Advances in Uterine Leiomyoma Research: 2nd NIH International Congress" on February 24 25. This conference will bring together researchers working in the fields of biomedicine, epidemiology, basic research, therapeutics, and translational medicine to foster an exchange of scientific information among members of the uterine leiomyoma (fibroids) rese...

International gathering of experts to share retinoblastoma breakthroughs

Experts in the fields of retinoblastoma research and treatment will gather to update colleagues on the latest developments in these fields during a two-day symposium April 28-29 at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in Memphis. ...The symposium, "Retinoblastoma: From Bench to Bedside," will include topics about the treatment of retinoblastoma, the molecular basis of this potentially fatal canc...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2005 (second issue)

...... ...... ......Please contact Suzy Martin by phone at (212) 315-8631 or via e-mail at with questions.... MONTELUKAST SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCES ASTHMA EXACERBATIONS...IN YOUNG CHILDR...

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

... ...Jin Qiu, William B. J. Cafferty, Stephen B. McMahon, and Stephen W. N. Thompson... ...Regeneration in the CNS after spinal cord injury is limited because of obstacles such as glial scars and myelin-based inhibitory factors. On the other hand, axons in the PNS are much more resilient. This week, Qiu et al. provide evidence for Janus kinase (JAK)signal transducer and activator of transcri...

Feb. 15, 2005, Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet

...... In a new study of 5,887 middle-aged smokers with mild lung disease, those who were randomly assigned to a quit-smoking program had a lower death rate than those assigned to usual care even though only 21.7 percent of them actually quit smoking (Article, p. 233)....... The annual death rates were 8.8 per 1000 patients in the quit-smoking program and 10.4 per 1000 in the usual care group. T...

UCLA study: Nearly a third of drug ads in medical journals contain no references for medical claims

UCLA investigators reviewed pharmaceutical ads in American medical journals and found that nearly one-third contained no references for medical claims; while the majority of references to published material were available, only a minority of company data-on-file documents were provided upon request; and the majority of original research cited in the ads was funded by or had authors affiliated wit...

International trial of two microbicides begins

A large, multisite trial designed to examine the safety and preliminary effectiveness of two candidate topical microbicides to prevent HIV infection has opened to volunteer enrollment. The trial, sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, represents a partnership among various research institutions in Africa and the U...

Leukemia drug breakthrough study in New England Journal of Medicine

Tampa, FL (Feb. 9, 2005) - Alan List, M.D., leader of the Hematologic Malignancies Program at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, recently conducted a phase I/II trial of the experimental drug Revlimid showing promise as an innovative way to treat patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), a form of pre-leukemia. Given in pill form, Revlimid simultaneously blocks the growth...

News briefs from the journal CHEST, February 2005

...... Childhood asthma and current wheeze may be associated with different risk factors than bronchial hyperresponsivenes (BHR), according to a new study. Researchers at the David Hide Asthma & Allergy Research Centre, St. Mary's Hospital, Newport, Isle of Wight, UK, compared multiple environmental and genetic factors affecting children at 1, 2, 4, and 10 years of age and whether the children...

States find alternate routes to health coverage

WASHINGTON--Despite continued state financial pressure, rising insurance premiums, and increasing numbers of uninsured, state officials worked hard in 2004 to keep health care coverage on their agendas, according to a new report, State of the States: Finding Alternate Routes, released today. This annual report, produced by The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's State Coverage Initiatives program (S...

Third of European cancer patients use complementary and alternative therapies

More than a third of cancer patients in Europe make use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), according to one of the largest surveys undertaken of CAM in cancer. ......In the first Europe-wide study of CAM, a team of international researchers found that its use varied from a low of just under 15% of cancer patients in Greece to a high of nearly three-quarters of patients in Italy. ......

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2005 (first issue)

...... In a study of 46 patients from six hospitals with severe community-acquired pneumonia, a 7-day course of low-dose hydrocortisone infusion hastened the resolution of the patients' pneumonia and prevented the development of life-threatening sepsis-related complications. The researchers infused hydrocortisone in 23 patients as an intravenous 200-mg bolus followed by infusion at a rate of 10...

News Tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

1. ......Mikko Sairanen, Guilherme Lucas, ...Patrik Ernfors, Maija Castrn, and Eero Castrn ......Why does it take weeks for the clinical effects of antidepressants to develop? It has not escaped notice that this time course is similar to the antidepressant-induced enhancement of neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus and upregulation of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its receptor trkB....

Feb. 1, 2005, Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet

...... The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends a one-time ultrasound examination to screen for abdominal aortic aneurysm for men between the ages of 65 and 75 who are or have been smokers (Clinical Guidelines, p. 198 and 203)....... This is the first time the Task Force has recommended screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm....... Estimates indicate that between 59 percent and 83 per...

15 minutes training enough to save lives with an automated external defibrillator

Just fifteen minutes of training could make it possible for anyone to use a defibrillator to stop sudden cardiac arrest. A study published today in the journal Critical Care shows that a brief training session is all that is needed for safe and efficient use of an automated external defibrillator....... Sudden cardiac deaths affect nearly 400,000 people per year in Europe, and every day in the U....

More studies on risks and benefits of COX-2 inhibitors published in Archives of Internal Medicine

CHICAGO -- A group of studies published in the January 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine add to the growing body of medical literature about the cardiovascular risks that may be associated with the class of pain-relieving drugs known as COX-2 inhibitors. is one of the JAMA/Archives journals....... The Celecoxib Rofecoxib Efficacy and Safety in Comorbodities Evaluation Trial (CRESCENT)...

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

... ...Olaf Blanke, Christine Mohr, Christoph M. Michel, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Peter Brugger, Margitta Seeck, Theodor Landis, and Gregor Thut... ...In this week's , Blanke et al. attempt to link the phenomenon known as an out-of-body experience (OBE) with specific brain activity. During an OBE, one senses that the "self" departs the body so that the body and the world can be viewed from "outsid...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for January 2005 (second issue)

...... Researchers studying diet during late pregnancy showed that total maternal vitamin C intake was positively associated with wheeze in certain infants who did not have a cold during their second year of life. Initially involving 1,924 youngsters born of 2,000 mothers who volunteered for the study, 1,300 women completed the entire 2-year program. They answered the 145-item food frequency q...

Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, Jan. 18, 2005

...... Two articles and an editorial in the Jan. 18, 2005, Annals of Internal Medicine discuss the fecal occult blood test (FOBT), a test for blood in the stool. Current screening recommendations are that adults over age 50 should take a six-sample FOBT test at home and return the stool samples to their physicians for interpretation. Positive tests should be followed up with a colonoscopy. Unfor...

Institute of Medicine advisory: Jan. 12 Briefing on Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Millions of Americans use complementary and alternative therapies such as acupuncture, massage, and dietary supplements -- often in conjunction with conventional medical treatments. COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE IN THE UNITED STATES, new from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, looks at what patients and health care providers need to know about both conventional treatmen...

Complementary & alternative medicine use

BOSTON, MA-In a comparison of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use by adults in 1997 and 2002, researchers from Harvard Medical School found more than one in three U.S. adults (36.5 and 35.0 percent, respectively) used at least one form of CAM. ...... The continued widespread use of individual and multiple CAM therapies underscores the need to rigorously evaluate the safety, efficacy...

Complementary and alternative therapies and conventional medical therapies

WASHINGTON -- Stating that health care should strive to be both comprehensive and evidence-based, a new report from the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies calls for conventional medical treatments and complementary and alternative treatments to be held to the same standards for demonstrating clinical effectiveness. The same general research principles should be followed in evaluatin...

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience

1. ...... H. F. Clarke, S. C. Walker, H. S. Crofts, J. W. Dalley, T. W. Robbins, and...A. C. Roberts...... Inflexibility in responses to stimuli is characteristic of frontal lobe injury as well as schizophrenia and depression. Based on lesion studies, different regions of prefrontal cortex (PFC) have been implicated in such executive" functions. This week, Clarke et al. asked marmosets to turn t...
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