Tag: "role" at medical news
Heart failure deaths reduced by 30 percent
...udy. "The RALES trial helps to define theimportant role
of aldosterone in heart failure and opens the door...study confirms that aldosterone plays an important role
in thepathophysiology of heart failure. Under the conditions of the RALES trial,aldosterone blockade...
Aspirin's role in colon cancer prevention focus of $5 million grant
... cancer puzzle. Better understanding of theprecise role
of COX2 and related biochemical components in thed...Professor. Their collaboration focuses on the role
of a group of prostaglandins,cyclopentenones, in the growth of colon cancer cells. These prostagland...
Jefferson scientist begins clinical trial to study promising Parkinson's disease drug
...n the nervecell's membrane that plays an important role
in cell growth, development, andrepair - to standard Parkinson's disease treatments, which improve symptoms butdo not alter the disease process. "We hope that we will be able to do something no one else has donebefore - to stimulate remaini...
Primary care highly valued, but difficulty accessing specialists undermines patient trust, UCSF study finds
...new their medical history and 89 percentvalued the role
of primary care physicians in coordinating referra...system that reduces their primary care physician's role
as a coordinator ofspecialty services." The authors reported the following survey statistics: 75 to...
Vanderbilt University Medical Center designated as one of three Glaxo Wellcome Genetic Epidemiology Centers
...lt's Program in Human Genetics will play a central role
in efforts byGlaxo Wellcome to identify the genes involved in common diseases. Thepharmaceutical giant has designated Vanderbilt as one of the initial threeGenetic Epidemiology Centers in the world. The designation is part of a large-scale plan by Gl...
Double-edged effect of inflammatory response discovered after brain injury
.... Although this study was aimed at probing the role
of TNF in brain injury, itdoes hold potential lessons for treatment. "A drug company could conceivablydevelop a pharmacological strategy to block TNF, which could be given to headinjury patients during the acute injury phase," says McIntosh. But the ...
Obesity drugs not a quick fix for achieving weight loss
...d at an undesirable level." But while Klein sees a role
for obesity drugs, he says there is little researchto show they will be effective over many years. Because most are relatively new,studies have looked at time periods of one to two years. "But obesity is achronic condition that requires long-term the...
College men nearly as likely as women to report they are victims of unwanted sexual coercion
... Alcohol and drugs played a significant role
in sexual victimization.Seventeen percent of the women and 9 percent of the men said someone hadattempted to have intercourse with them when they didn't want to after givingthem alcohol or drugs. And 6 percent of the women and 4 percent of the men s...
Stress may increase susceptibility to infectious disease
... The JAMA paper points to the important role
thatcompounds known as cytokines play in regulating the immuneresponse. In some cases, they stimulate the release of othercompounds essential for inflammation. In other cases, theym...
Researchers learn how stress slows wound healing
... saliva. Cortisol plays an important role
in curtailingthe healing process -- higher cortisol levels can lead to a slowdownin healing. "When we looked at the levels of cortisol in the salivaand compa...
Mayo Clinic study identifies brain changes in people likely to develop Alzheimers disease
...campus is a part of the brain that plays a central role
in memoryfunction and also shows some of the earliest damage resulting from Alzheimer'sdisease. In the study, Clifford Jack, M.D., a Mayo Clinic radiologist and thestudy's principle author, and a team of Mayo Clinic researchers measured thevolume of...
Duke/Novalon researchers identify potential mechanism behind tamoxifen resistance in breast cancers
...nell said,because estrogen plays such an important role
in the health and well-being ofall women. The presence of estrogen exposure has been linked to breast anduterine cancer, and estrogen deficiency has been linked to osteoporosis, heartdisease and cognitive decline. McDonnell said finding a dr...
Immune system responds greater to uncontrollable stresses
...ne interleukin-6 function, whichplays an essential role
in activating the immune defense," said Madelon L.Peters, PhD, head of the Dutch study. Uncontrollable stressors also produce high levels of cortisol, which suppressesimmune system functioning and may have a prolonged detrimental effect forhealth, th...
Better psychiatric support needed for children who lose a parent
... The authors of the study conclude that there is a role
for primary care health professionals in identifying those families in need of psychiatric support and referring them to the appropriate services....
Study to test whether antibiotics can reduce heart disease risk
...er the Chlamydia pneumoniae bacteriaplays a direct role
in the development or advancement of atheroscleros...icandiet. Wake Forest research helped pin down the role
of various dietary fats andcholesterol in the development of atherosclerosis. Despite the re...
New challenges for humanitarian protection
...nd Development Studies in the States discusses the role
physicians can and, they argue, should play in establishing civilian protection during hostilities and providing neutral space where medical and aid workers can deliver relief....
UCSF researchers report new risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
...data generated in this study is consistent withthe role
of activated macrophages in the pathogenesis of lymphoma." Despite the lack of known risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, its annualincrease of nearly four percent among men and three percent among women hasexceeded that of all other cancers exce...
Pain, itself, elicits pain relief, and does so through 'reward' pathway
... the rewardpathway, the nucleus accumbens, and the role
it plays in affirming certainbehaviors and thus mo...udies in our lab aimed at revealing more about the role
ofthe reward pathway, and the nucleus accumbens specifically, in human behaviors."The other co-autho...
'Thick' blood may increase stroke risk
...y, there had been scant clinical evidence of their role
in ischemicstroke, caused by a clot in a blood ves...ay not just be a'marker' of risk, but could play a role
in causing stroke by increasing the riskof a blood clot in the arteries that serve the brain. Von Wi...
New study finds graduating nurses ill-prepared to care for the elderly
...t raise the nation's awareness of nurses' critical role
in the care ofthe elderly," said Dr. Mezey. "We should consider this study a wake-up call forintroducing more geriatric education into nursing programs." It is critical that nurses be prepared to deal with the unique health-careneeds facing the el...
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