Tag: "role" at medical news

Heart failure deaths reduced by 30 percent

...udy. "The RALES trial helps to define theimportant role of aldosterone in heart failure and opens the door...study confirms that aldosterone plays an important role in thepathophysiology of heart failure. Under the conditions of the RALES trial,aldosterone blockade...

Aspirin's role in colon cancer prevention focus of $5 million grant

... cancer puzzle. Better understanding of theprecise role of COX2 and related biochemical components in thed...Professor. Their collaboration focuses on the role of a group of prostaglandins,cyclopentenones, in the growth of colon cancer cells. These prostagland...

Jefferson scientist begins clinical trial to study promising Parkinson's disease drug

...n the nervecell's membrane that plays an important role in cell growth, development, andrepair - to standard Parkinson's disease treatments, which improve symptoms butdo not alter the disease process. "We hope that we will be able to do something no one else has donebefore - to stimulate remaini...

Primary care highly valued, but difficulty accessing specialists undermines patient trust, UCSF study finds

...new their medical history and 89 percentvalued the role of primary care physicians in coordinating referra...system that reduces their primary care physician's role as a coordinator ofspecialty services." The authors reported the following survey statistics: 75 to...

Vanderbilt University Medical Center designated as one of three Glaxo Wellcome Genetic Epidemiology Centers

...lt's Program in Human Genetics will play a central role in efforts byGlaxo Wellcome to identify the genes involved in common diseases. Thepharmaceutical giant has designated Vanderbilt as one of the initial threeGenetic Epidemiology Centers in the world. The designation is part of a large-scale plan by Gl...

Double-edged effect of inflammatory response discovered after brain injury

.... Although this study was aimed at probing the role of TNF in brain injury, itdoes hold potential lessons for treatment. "A drug company could conceivablydevelop a pharmacological strategy to block TNF, which could be given to headinjury patients during the acute injury phase," says McIntosh. But the ...

Obesity drugs not a quick fix for achieving weight loss

...d at an undesirable level." But while Klein sees a role for obesity drugs, he says there is little researchto show they will be effective over many years. Because most are relatively new,studies have looked at time periods of one to two years. "But obesity is achronic condition that requires long-term the...

College men nearly as likely as women to report they are victims of unwanted sexual coercion

... Alcohol and drugs played a significant role in sexual victimization.Seventeen percent of the women and 9 percent of the men said someone hadattempted to have intercourse with them when they didn't want to after givingthem alcohol or drugs. And 6 percent of the women and 4 percent of the men s...

Stress may increase susceptibility to infectious disease

... The JAMA paper points to the important role thatcompounds known as cytokines play in regulating the immuneresponse. In some cases, they stimulate the release of othercompounds essential for inflammation. In other cases, theym...

Researchers learn how stress slows wound healing

... saliva. Cortisol plays an important role in curtailingthe healing process -- higher cortisol levels can lead to a slowdownin healing. "When we looked at the levels of cortisol in the salivaand compa...

Mayo Clinic study identifies brain changes in people likely to develop Alzheimers disease

...campus is a part of the brain that plays a central role in memoryfunction and also shows some of the earliest damage resulting from Alzheimer'sdisease. In the study, Clifford Jack, M.D., a Mayo Clinic radiologist and thestudy's principle author, and a team of Mayo Clinic researchers measured thevolume of...

Duke/Novalon researchers identify potential mechanism behind tamoxifen resistance in breast cancers

...nell said,because estrogen plays such an important role in the health and well-being ofall women. The presence of estrogen exposure has been linked to breast anduterine cancer, and estrogen deficiency has been linked to osteoporosis, heartdisease and cognitive decline. McDonnell said finding a dr...

Immune system responds greater to uncontrollable stresses

...ne interleukin-6 function, whichplays an essential role in activating the immune defense," said Madelon L.Peters, PhD, head of the Dutch study. Uncontrollable stressors also produce high levels of cortisol, which suppressesimmune system functioning and may have a prolonged detrimental effect forhealth, th...

Better psychiatric support needed for children who lose a parent

... The authors of the study conclude that there is a role for primary care health professionals in identifying those families in need of psychiatric support and referring them to the appropriate services....

Study to test whether antibiotics can reduce heart disease risk

...er the Chlamydia pneumoniae bacteriaplays a direct role in the development or advancement of atheroscleros...icandiet. Wake Forest research helped pin down the role of various dietary fats andcholesterol in the development of atherosclerosis. Despite the re...

New challenges for humanitarian protection

...nd Development Studies in the States discusses the role physicians can and, they argue, should play in establishing civilian protection during hostilities and providing neutral space where medical and aid workers can deliver relief....

UCSF researchers report new risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

...data generated in this study is consistent withthe role of activated macrophages in the pathogenesis of lymphoma." Despite the lack of known risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, its annualincrease of nearly four percent among men and three percent among women hasexceeded that of all other cancers exce...

Pain, itself, elicits pain relief, and does so through 'reward' pathway

... the rewardpathway, the nucleus accumbens, and the role it plays in affirming certainbehaviors and thus mo...udies in our lab aimed at revealing more about the role ofthe reward pathway, and the nucleus accumbens specifically, in human behaviors."The other co-autho...

'Thick' blood may increase stroke risk

...y, there had been scant clinical evidence of their role in ischemicstroke, caused by a clot in a blood ves...ay not just be a'marker' of risk, but could play a role in causing stroke by increasing the riskof a blood clot in the arteries that serve the brain. Von Wi...

New study finds graduating nurses ill-prepared to care for the elderly

...t raise the nation's awareness of nurses' critical role in the care ofthe elderly," said Dr. Mezey. "We should consider this study a wake-up call forintroducing more geriatric education into nursing programs." It is critical that nurses be prepared to deal with the unique health-careneeds facing the el...

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(Date:4/14/2014)... orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa may provide insight ... behavior issues in other areas of the world, which ... that could lead to successful interventions. , A ... United Nations mentions that due to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, ... African, children are at an increased risk for mental ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... A new study shows that moderate to severe ... risk of stroke, cancer and death. , Results of ... to severe obstructive sleep apnea were four times more ... times more likely to have a stroke (HR = ... (HR = 3.4), and 2.5 times more likely to ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Dallas study involving serious youth offenders, the answer to one ... seven years: "How long do you think you,ll live?", According ... offending over time., Author Dr. Alex Piquero said the study ... of them offend at very high rates and commit more ... much later in life offend much less., "In a lot ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important ... has found. , Depressive symptoms increased on average by 68 ... young men, who were around 25 years old when they ... their children. The results of the study were published April ... is the first to identify when young fathers are at ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Lower weight babies and babies who aren,t breastfed ... risk of developing chronic inflammation and related health ... study. , "There were good reasons to hypothesize ... inflammation in adulthood," says Thomas McDade (Northwestern University), ... in the Child & Brain Development program. "It ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Researchers identify children with emotional behavior difficulties 2Health News:Researchers identify children with emotional behavior difficulties 3Health News:Study links severe sleep apnea to increased risk of stroke, cancer and death 2Health News:UT Dallas study: Youth who fail to envision future commit more crimes 2Health News:Young dads at high risk of depression, too 2Health News:Low birth weight, less breastfeeding create later health risks 2
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