Tag: "rule" at medical news

Reducing the risk of medication errors: Announcing the Penn Center for Patient Safety Research and Practice

...rugs. This project should help create a prediction rule to identify and decrease medication errors in high-risk patients that result in hospitalization. The second project tackles error from the direction of adherence, researching indicators that predict poor adherence to warfarin therapy in an anticoagul...

Decision rules and physician judgment

...y for the Ottawa rules, 80% and 59% for the Leiden rule and 82% and 38% for the physicians judgement. Eight fractures (including 1 clinically significant fracture) were missed with the Ottawa rules, 15 fractures (5 clinically significant) were missed with the Leiden rule, and the residents missed 13 fract...

Blood test for heart failure scores big in new study

...e results of the blood test were able to correctly rule out CHF in up to 98 percent of cases, and proceed to diagnosing and treating the real cause of symptoms. Dr. Maisel published results in the Sept. 15, 2001, American Journal of Cardiology from a study of a different rapid blood test, this one used t...

Alzheimers disease with psychotic behaviors aggregates in families

...tive conditions, he said. The researchers did not rule out the possibility that environmental factors in the patients early lives might make the AD patients more susceptible to psychosis. Subjects were assessed through semi-structured interview questions, and some were rated on the Brief Psychiatric Rat...

Jefferson trial looks to improve diagnosis of prostate cancer

...ows where the cancer is, a negative result doesn't rule out cancer. If the PSA continues to go up, another sextant biopsy is performed three to six months later. Dr. Halpern and his team hope to be able to improve cancer detection with fewer biopsies. "We'd like to find the clinically significant cancers...

Medieval black death not bubonic plague

...possible cause prematurely. The researchers do not rule out the possibility that the Black Death might have been caused by an ancestor of the modern plague bacillus, which might later have mutated into the insect-borne disease of rodents that we now call bubonic plague. The fact is that we can only trace ...

Exploring the brain chemistry of people at risk for alcohol disorders

...ttention deficit disorder, hyperactive tendencies, rule breaking, and poor response to discipline. Adult C...ttention deficit disorder, hyperactive tendencies, rule breaking, and poor response to discipline," he said, "than in a comparable group of non-abusers. Th...

Routine overnight EEG monitoring not warranted in autistic children

... as having autism spectrum disorder and studied to rule out LKS. Of these, 83 (25%) had abnormal EEGs, with 63 (19%) exhibiting epileptiform activity. The overnight EEG studies identified epileptiform activity during sleep in 56 of the 63 patients; none of these tracings revealed electrographic status e...

Jefferson researchers show angiostatin is safe when given with radiation for advanced cancer

...his is sometimes seen with radiation, but we can't rule out that this is due to Angiostatin or Angiostatin and radiation," says Dr. Dicker, who is also director of the Division of Experimental Radiation Oncology at Jefferson Medical College. Dr. Dicker presents the team's results May 20 at the American So...

First consensus guidelines on lightning safety issued before summer storms

...ds with which bang of thunder. We suggest a simple rule often taught to children: if you see it, flee it; if you hear it, clear it." Components of Lightning Action Plan A lightning policy should be implemented for safety in large groups and groups with an evacuation time of more than 10 minutes, such as i...

Other highlights in the June 5 issue of JNCI

...ently demonstrated greater specificity (ability to rule out mutation non-carriers) than the risk counselors. Genetic Changes in Benign Breast Tissue May Indicate Increased Risk of Breast Cancer A genetic change called loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in benign breast epithelial cells may be an early step i...

Fibromyalgia pain isn't all in patients' heads, new brain study finds

...romyalgia in 1990, to help doctors diagnose it and rule out other chronic pain conditions. Clauw and Croffords editorial looks at the current state of research, and calls for rheumatologists to take the lead in fibromyalgia care and science. But many skeptics have debated the very existence of fibromyalgi...

'Power nap' prevents burnout; morning sleep perfects a skill

...le 2 percent after another 12 hours of waking. To rule out the possibility that motor skill activity during waking hours might interfere with consolidation of the task in memory, another group even wore mittens for a day to prevent skilled finger movements. Their improvement was negligible -- until afte...

Breakthrough in hormonal breast cancer therapy

...ving to undergo invasive procedures in hospital to rule out endometrial cancer as the cause of the bleeding." Other tolerability advantages in favour of anastrozole reported at the UICC meeting today, include a significant reduction in the incidence of hot flushes and thromboembolic events such as deep ve...

Misclassification of cause of death in cancer patients

...rom the underlying disease. To determine if this rule is being applied uniformly to cancer patients, Welch and Black used national cancer registry data to find out the reported cause of death in patients who, between 1994 and 1998, died within 1 month of cancer-related surgery to remove a solid tumor. A...

Quick blood test for heart failure proves successful in multinational trial

...they can prescribe effective treatment. They must rule out for instance, lung disease or kidney failure. ...e results of the blood test were able to correctly rule out CHF in up to 98 percent of cases, and proceed to diagnosing and treating the real cause of sympt...

Annual study reveals 23 football players died during 2001 season

...hs directly attributable to football resulted from rule changes adopted in 1976 that prohibited using the head as the first point of contact while blocking and tackling. Shorter practices and non-contact drills during which players don't wear helmets can help prevent heatstroke and reduce accidents, he sa...

Attention acts as visual glue

... results support the attention theory, they do not rule out other mechanisms. "In fact," he adds, "it is practically certain that the brain uses several mechanisms to solve this fascinating problem."...

Other highlights in the August 7 issue of JNCI

...mmography. However, specificity, or the ability to rule out cancer, increased with a previous mammogram. In contrast, a self-reported breast lump was associated with increased sensitivity but decreased specificity. "With increased prevalence of screening mammography, tumors detected by diagnostic mammog...

'Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day' -- Really?

...ensated by forcing a high fluid intake." The 8 x 8 rule is slavishly followed. Everywhere, people carry bottles of water, constantly sipping from them; it is acceptable to drink water anywhere, anytime. A pamphlet distributed at one southern California university even counsels its students to "carry a wat...

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