Tag: "screen" at medical news
Gonorrhea test may give false-positive results
... positive results increases if the test is used to screen
people from low-risk populations or those living in areas where gonorrhea rates are low. In most areas of the country, chlamydia is much more common than gonorrhea, so routine screening of sexually active women under 25 is appropriate. The proper use...
Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, February 17, 2004
...not recommend EKG, treadmill tests and CT scans to screen
people at low risk for heart disease. It says that...ecommend for or against using these three tests to screen
for heart disease in asymptomatic adults at increased risk for heart disease. The recommendations ar...
Reach of sigmoidoscopies inadequate in many older women
...s. Yet there is disagreement about the best way to screen
for these cancers. Some professional and governmen... that argues against the use of sigmoidoscopies to screen
older women," Walter says. "But even an inadequate exam will provide some benefit. It's certainly be...
Novel technique may help detect certain head and neck cancers
...ease. Newly developed technology that can rapidly screen
blood samples for multiple proteins, has enabled scientists to more effectively search for protein biomarkers of disease, including HNSCC. J. Trad Wadsworth, M.D., from Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, and colleagues investigated whe...
Cancer markers news backgrounder: Future of cancer diagnosis, treatment lies in tumor 'barcode'
...to FAC. Now the investigators are testing the gene screen
in a larger randomized study at M. D. Anderson. If this study validates the utility of the gene screen, a predictive test may be available for widespread use in two to three years, Pusztai says. He adds that he expects the test to be over 80 percent ...
Baclofen holds promise for cocaine treatment
...al Institute on Drug Abuse as part of a project to screen
medications with potential for treating cocaine dependence. "The research shows for the first time, using scientifically rigorous methods, that Baclofen can help people reduce their cocaine use when they are in drug abuse counseling," said Steven Sho...
Elderly men receiving excessive prostate cancer screening, study suggests
...e National Cancer Institute . The decision not to screen
elderly men is based on several factors, including the lack of evidence that treatment improves prostate cancer mortality in elderly men. However, with some studies suggesting that many elderly men are being screened, it is not clear whether screenin...
3-D virtual colonoscopy is more sensitive than conventional procedure
..., radiologists have begun using CT colonography to screen
for colon polyps. Although less invasive, until now the procedure primarily used 2-D CT slices (images) for polyp detection, which are likely less sensitive. With the addition of 3-D "fly-through" images, virtual colonoscopy provides the complete pic...
Annals of Internal Medicine, tip sheet, December 2, 2003
...ive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians screen
all adults for obesity and offer obese patients intensive counseling and behavioral interventions to lose weight (Clinical Guidelines, p. 930). The Task Force recommends using body mass index to determine weight category. A BMI between 25 and 29.9 is...
Elderly women over-screened for cancers with little measurable benefit
...e found in the elderly, but physicians continue to screen
this group even though there is no scientific evid...viders must make difficult decisions about whom to screen
and whom not to screen. "For some elderly patients, screening may make sense because there is no evi...
Nov/Dec 2003 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
...ns to reduce their frequency? Is it reasonable to screen
for common cancers, like breast cancer and cervical cancer, among the elderly? Do most family physicians routinely use a chaperone when collecting a Pap smear? Is a speculum examination necessary for accurate collection of a sample to detect human pa...
Most hospitals don't use latest ordering technology
PORTLAND, Ore. -- Computers programmed to screen
out errors and standardize physicians' orders for ...the source of both types of silent errors." The screen
itself can cause errors. Choices that appear too close together result in ordering the wrong tests o...
GlaxoSmithKline Drug Discovery and Development Research Grant Program 2003
...ity, but there has been no large scale, systematic screen
of these libraries for inhibitors of HIV," Dr. Bie... peptide from the library, which will enable us to screen
in combination many diverse compounds," he said. A New Strategy to Inhibit HIV Entry into Host Cells...
UF 'smart home' demonstrates concept of automated elderly help and care
..., and a camera beams the visitor's picture to a TV screen
there. If the resident wants to unlock the door, he or she can tell the cell phone, which then transmits a code to open the electronic latch. The rehabilitation center, funded most recently with a $4.5 million grant from the National Institute...
Farm worker children under 7 exposed to agricultural and home pesticides
...ds treated with pesticides. "As the first study to screen
for a large number of both agricultural and residential pesticides in farm worker dwellings, this extends previous research on the exposure of this population," Quandt said. All the workers in the 41 tested households spoke Spanish. The researchers ...
Implanted stimulator for Parkinson's disease impairs cognitive function
...given two tests. In one, they looked at a computer screen
and were asked to remember the spatial location wh...ress a button when a letter appeared on a computer screen
and not to push the button when they saw a number. When subjects saw many letters and very few numbe...
Researchers identify enzyme that may turn fleeting experience into lasting memory
...sistant, Thuy Smith, are using gene chips that can screen
thousands of genes at the same time to identify the "memory" genes in mice. "The details might be different in mice and people," Hegde said, "but we think the mechanism will be the same."...
Nicotine metabolite shows promise for improving memory, protecting brain cells
... where monkeys first pick one of three colors on a screen
and get a food reward for picking the same color from a choice of two a few moments later. Both young and old monkeys that received cotinine got more correct answers than the ones that didn't; results were similar to those Dr. Buccafusco has found wi...
Study suggests radiography unnecessary to identify TB in HIV pts in some settings
...niazid as preventive treatment in settings able to screen
for signs and symptoms of tuberculosis."...
Newborn screening is cost-effective in detecting rare but treatable genetic disease
...tic defect in how the body processes food. TMS can screen
for more than 30 metabolic diseases. Many of thesediseases are rare, but collectively they affect one in 4,000 newborns, approximately the same percentage affected by Down syndrome. Routine newborn screening has been carried out in all 50 states sinc...
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