Tag: "screen" at medical news
Lung cancer screening motivates smokers to quit
... the effectiveness of CT scans and chest X-rays to screen
for lung cancer. Individuals interested in participating can call 888-885-7503. Participants need to be between ages 55 and 74, smokers or former smokers and have no history of cancer. Smokers do not need to stop smoking to participate in this study...
Teens struggle to find accurate, useful health information online
...ted questions. Video cameras recorded the computer screen
and the students' voices, while tracking software installed on the computer took screen
pictures twice per second. Students were asked to talk out loud while they searched so the researche...
Cancer risk calculated with Pap test every 3 years; found comparable to male breast cancer
... Sawaya, a Pap test is the standard way physicians screen
for malignant cells or cell changes that might develop into cervical cancer. Since its widespread adoption in the 1960s, health care providers have performed the Pap test primarily as part of a routine annual pelvic exam. The major goal of screening...
Monkeys consciously control a robot arm using only brain signals
...to both position a cursor over a target on a video screen
and to grasp the joystick with a specified force. After the animals' initial training, however, the researchers made the cursor more than a simple display -- now incorporating into its movement the dynamics, such as inertia and momentum, of a robot a...
Jefferson and Michigan scientists identify gene defect behind muscle-wasting disease
...le wasting in the mnd2 mouse, we will now begin to screen
DNA samples from patients with related disorders in order to determine the medical impact of mutations in this gene," says Dr. Meisler. "The prospects for treatment will be improved by accurate diagnosis in affected patients. We will extend the mutat...
Contrast mammography reveals hard-to-find cancers
...ue is less costly than MRI, which is being used to screen
high-risk women. The procedure is similar to conventional mammography with the addition of an intravenous injection. "This is still a research technique," Dr. Lewin said. "If the results we achieve in further research are as good as what we have so...
High blood pressure does not accelerate age-related cognitive decline
... tasks. In both cases, the stimuli on the computer screen
were different combinations of 20 white consonants on a black background. For the visual search tasks, participants had to view a pair of letters, and then after a period of time, had to quickly determine which one of that pair was present within dis...
NIAID reports 'tremendous progress' in biodefense research
...s. It also has developed and expanded contracts to screen
new drugs; develop new animal models; establish a reagent and specimen repository; and provide researchers with genomic, proteomic and bioinformatic resources. Immunology--NIAID is funding research to better understand the body's own protective mecha...
First study to show link between children's solid tumours and their mothers' breast cancer
...earch will help doctors to choose the best time to screen
women for breast cancer. Speaking from Manchester,...riods of highest risk and it may be appropriate to screen
more frequently during the high-risk periods. The research may point the way to intervention measure...
Nanoneurosurgery, search for E-T life, bioscan technology and home holograms at frontiers of optics
... be printed out on a hardcopy transparency or on a screen
such as an LCD (liquid crystal display). When this hologram is properly illuminated, a real 3-D image of the original object is reconstructed in front of the viewer's eyes. It is important to note that this hologram is not related to other non-lase...
New test can identify patients who may suffer serious late toxicity from radiotherapy
...ity between patients, and could be used as a rapid screen
for genetically hypersensitive patients. It is ready to be used in the clinical setting now, and, as both CD4 and CD8 showed similar results, we need test for CD8 only. "Furthermore, the test could be used to stratify patients in future dose escal...
Prescription drug utilization reviews are less than useful
...s." Typically, a review program uses computers to screen
prescription information for potential drug interaction conflicts, based on a pre-established set of guidelines. When the software spots a violation of these rules, it marks the record for review. The program staff then sorts these marked records to ...
Brief telephonic questionnaire detects early signs of dementia
...ts with positive results. A positive result on the screen
does not equal a diagnosis of dementia but rather provides evidence that further diagnostic evaluation is needed. The researchers designed the questionnaire to be administered to new enrollees in Medicare managed care plans. Several features make the...
Screening for depression at primary level could be next trend in healthcare
...eager, who has been testing the effectiveness of a screen
at the primary care level. Working with Rachel Bra... of five questions can efficiently and effectively screen
for depression and panic disorders among primary health care patients. The tool, known as the Mental...
'Shifty-eyed' monkeys offer window into brain's social reflexes
...st subjects' attention to the center of a computer screen
by showing them a yellow square. The subjects woul...ce would disappear and to the left or right on the screen
a yellow square would flash. The researchers used a magnetic coil technique to measure with high acc...
Scientists shed new light on speed of infant learning
...nth-old infants, who were shown a 32-inch computer screen
depicting a ball rolling horizontally back and for...ants were then shown a ball moving across the same screen
space but its movements were temporarily obscured by an occluding box. Using a special camera that ...
Computer design yields better, more efficient therapeutic for preventing tissue damage
... taken us months or even years to synthesize and screen
the 80 quadrillion possible peptide sequences that the protein design program considered," John D. Lambris, PhD, a professor in Penn's Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine and a co-author on the study whose laboratory had discovered Compstat...
UIC project may reduce drug name confusion
..." Lambert said. The software could also be used to screen
new drugs before adding them to a pharmacy's formu...loping to lessen the chance of word confusion will screen
proposed drug names against databases of existing names. When a new name is entered, the software wi...
American Academy of Ophthalmology announces its guests of honor for Annual Meeting
... the "Coming to Your Senses" project, an effort to screen
children for hearing and vision loss, serving as its medical director and a vocal proponent of its mission. In addition, Dr. Scott has held several leadership positions in ophthalmic organizations and has received many awards, including the Academy's...
UI researchers use SIREN driving simulator to study driving risk factors
...r vehicles. These scenarios are projected onto the screen
around the simulator and provide the driver with a front and back view of an on-road scene. The researchers can program the virtual vehicles in the simulation to drive legally or illegally. For example, a virtual car may enter an intersection illegal...
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