Tag: "sedative" at medical news

A Good Night's Sleep Is Possible At High Altitudes

...f a short acting benzodiazepine (in this case the sedative temazepam') improved the quality of sleep and reduced the changes in the saturation levels of oxygen in the body during sleep, without altering the overall mean oxygen saturation. Contact: Dr Gerald Dubowitz, Expedition Medical Officer, British Mount...

Science Is On The Trail Of Sexual Predators That Dope Women

... it has been taken. Rohypnol is a powerful sedative used to treat insomnia. It has neverbeen approved for use in the US, but is available in Europe on prescription.High doses can cause amnesia for up to 24 hours. The tablets, known as "roofies", have no taste or smell when dissolvedin water. W...

Using PET scan technology to study alcohol's effects on the brain

...fects on the brain. Benzodiazepines, which have a sedative effect, are used as sleeping pills. Alcohol and b...ate GABAergic activity in the brain -- have mainly sedative effects, but are also addictive. In order to differentiate amongst the brain circuits involved in t...

Harvard chemist wins national award for creating new molecules

...le is Thalidomide, in which one mirror image was a sedative and the other caused birth defects. In the late 1980s Jacobsen began to design how to attach an oxygen atom to a particular side of a molecule. The reaction later turned out to be a critical step in making an AIDS drug, manufactured by Merck and Co...

Children remain alert and ready to learn when taking over-the-counter antihistamines that make adults drowsy

...old under the trade name Benadryl, has such potent sedative effects in adults that it is marketed as a sleep aid as well as an antihistamine. But new research indicates that it has quite different effects in children. Neither diphenhydramine, nor the non-sedating prescription antihistamine loratadine, sold as...

Herbal extract is an effective treatment for hay fever

...ines for treating hay fever, and does not have the sedative effects often associated with these drugs, finds a...the two treatment groups. Cetirizine produced more sedative effects (drowsiness and fatigue) than butterbur, despite the drug being considered a non-sedating an...

Alcohol and nicotine: A deadly duo

...ve pleasure, but perhaps to counteract some of the sedative effects of alcohol with the stimulant effects of nicotine. However, it should be emphasized that we are extrapolating from rats to humans. Nonetheless, said David Overstreet, associate professor of psychiatry with the Bowles Center for Alcohol Studi...

Heavy drinkers seem to get a bigger 'bang' from alcohol than do light drinkers

Alcohol has both stimulatory and sedative effects. The stimulant-like effects of alcohol include an enhanced positive mood, characterized by increased talkativeness and excitement, as well as a heart-rate increase and more energy or movement. The sedative-like effects of alcohol include mo...

Sleep and sedation controlled in same brain centre, say scientists

...he team showed that the anaesthetics produce their sedative effect by locking on to a specific type of neurotr...ranks. "Although not all anaesthetics exert their sedative effect using GABA-A receptors, the research is significant because it indicates that the sleep-induc...

Researchers find promising new target for anxiety-reducing drugs

...imperfect drugs such as benzodiazepines with their sedative and addictive side effects. "We don't know that yet, but this work gives us new hope," the scientist said. In an accompanying commentary, Dr. Joshua A. Gordon of the Center for Neurobiology and Behavior at Columbia University's psychiatry departmen...

Heavy drinkers use narcotics to relieve back pain, despite possible interactions, UMHS study finds

...combination of alcohol and narcotics increases the sedative effect of both, probably the desired effect amongst people with pain, but in significant quantities the combination could lead to respiratory depression," says study co-author Ethan Booker, M.D., an emergency medicine resident at the University of Ch...

Optic nerve disease may cause sleep disorders

...hat might contribute to sleep disorders. None took sedative drugs, had attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or were being treated with stimulant medications. So, the researchers believe the sleep problems these children experienced were directly related to their eye disease. "Taken together, these ...

Research clarifies how Alzheimer's medicines may reduce interference with learning and memory

...at motion sickness and intestinal spasms, and as a sedative and pre-anesthetic before surgery. It also blocks acetylcholine receptors in the brain and has long been known to impair certain types of learning and memory. After scopolamine administration, Alireza Atri, MD, PhD, a neurologist at Massachusetts ...

How to sedate? That is the question!

... therapeutic options for most dentists to use oral sedative drugs. In a Keynote Address during the 82nd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research, Dr. Raymond Dionne (National Institute of Dental Research, NIH, Bethesda, MD) will review the basis for this dilemma, with recommendatio...

Dad's death helps national expert evaluate end-of-life care

...o make him as comfortable as possible, was given a sedative to ease his suffering. Early on in his illness, his father received excellent symptom management at the same time he was given state-of-the art dementia treatment. (Along the same lines, Aetna has recently come out with an experimental program for s...

New finding could make addiction treatment more effective

... humans has shown that alcohol initially acts as a sedative in casual drinkers, making it easier to sleep. But...cohol users, the brain develops a tolerance to the sedative effects of alcohol and there is an increase in light sleep and a decrease in restorative sleep. This...

American Thoracic Society journal news tips for November 2004 (first issue)

...r than asthma, sleep disorders, use of hypnotic or sedative drugs, smoking, shift-work, or were pregnant or breastfeeding were excluded. Throughout the 4-week treatment period, participants were asked to record their morning and evening peak expiratory flow rate, the presence of asthma symptoms, and the freq...

How effective are herbal supplements in reducing illnesses in children?

...oms. Valerian is the most widely recognized herbal sedative and has been used for children with hyperactivity and sleep disorders. One study assessed valerian's effect on boys with developmental deficiencies and hyperactivity problems. After the children were given nightly doses for 2 weeks, they experience...

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