Tag: "sensitivity" at medical news

Routine Dental X-ray May Be A Valuable Tool In Stroke Prevention

... currently setting up two studies to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the X-ray findings. In one st...r the fact. "Once we establish the sensitivity and specificity of the radiographic evidence, I would expect significant collaboration with the medi...

New Approach To Multidrug Resistance

..." of time during which there was an increasein the sensitivity of the cells to the killing effect of the second drug. Theresearchers achieved similar results by priming cells with three othercross-linking drugs. "Opening the window takes about 24 hours, and it stays open for another 72 hours -- and that's the p...

Targeted Protein Toxin Effective Against Persistent Brain Tumors

...ver a herpes virusgene that increases tumor cells' sensitivity to the antiviral drug ganciclovir. The patients were later treated with ganciclovir to kill the tumor cells. However, this therapy worked only against very small tumors in four of the 15patients who were evaluated. The NINDS, one of the National Inst...

Some Young Children May Grow Out Of Peanut Allergy

...eggs, a proportion of young children who develop a sensitivity to peanuts early in life seem to grow out of their reaction as they get older, say Dr Jonathan Hourihane et al in this week's BMJ. Based on findings from research conducted at the University of Southampton and South Manchester University Hospita...

Scientists Create Extremely Sensitive Test For Detecting Radiation Damage

...d in Science, the researchers demonstratedboth the sensitivity of their new method and that DNA repair can be accelerated.They subjected cultured cells to 0.25 Gray - a unit of radiation exposure - fourhours before exposing the same cells to a clinical dose of two Gray, eight timesas much. Their assay showed pre...

Over 6,000 Technical Presentations Will Reveal New Findings At National Chemists' Meeting In Boston, August 23 - 27

... for medical use Multiple chemical sensitivity Fate of turf grass chemicals and pest management International symposium on natural toxins Recycling and reprocessing of used motor oils International symposium on biorelated polymers ...

Electronic Nose Inspects Cheese, Hints At Human Sense Of Smell

... concentrations, then the machine's sensitivity for other compounds goes down," said Harper. An endowment from the dairy industry of Ohio funded this research, and Brewster Cheese Inc. of Brewster, Ohio, p...

Insulin Resistance And Obesity Avoided In Genetically Modified Mice, As Reported In Science

...e to resist weight gain and to avoid the decreased sensitivity toinsulin that characterizes type II diabetes, eve...g the PTP-1B enzyme appeared to increasethe mice's sensitivity to insulin: they were able to use smaller amounts of thehormone to efficiently move glucose from the...

Intravenous Immunoglobulin Reduces Steroid Insensitivity, Hospitalizations Of People With Severe Asthma, According To National Jewish Research

...itive." Researchers believe IVIGincreases steroid sensitivity of the lungs to steroids, in part, by reducinglung inflammation. "We saw patients whose asthma does very poorly and who needed high dosesof steroids to control the disease," said Erwin Gelfand, M.D., a pediatricimmunology and asthma specialist and ch...

UI Study Finds Many Physicians Withhold Pain Medication

...ith the use of painmedication because it increases sensitivity and specificity of the physicalexamination. "Since withholding pain medication may actually be a barrier to informedconsent and diagnostic accuracy, these policies should be reconsidered," Grabersaid....

Migraine Pain: Not Mainly In The Brain

...n of the meninges: throbbing headache, nausea, and sensitivity tolight and sound." While the work is a very small pilot study, the SPECT images undeniablylink the site of pain with the meninges, Pappagallo says. "There's no other wayto explain something like this." For all the research done on m...

Women May React To General Anesthesia Differently Than Men

...y need tohave a hard look at gender differences in sensitivity to anesthetics, and followup with more research." The study was initially undertaken in 1997 to test the effectiveness of"bispectral index monitoring," dubbed BIS, a device that interprets brain wavepatterns and assigns a numerical score to ...

Biological Markers Found That Correlate To Esophageal Cancer Treatment Success

...ancer, indicated had roles in either resistance or sensitivity to chemotherapyor radiation. After biopsy, the patients underwent chemotherapy and radiation therapy,followed by surgery to remove any remaining tumor tissue. The 34 patients whoresponded completely to the chemotherapy and radiation and had no viabl...

New biological target identified for cholesterol-lowering drugs

... pill with no effect.) Theresearchers used a high sensitivity test to measure blood levels of CRP atbaseline and after five years. While CRP levels tended to increase in the placebo group, the drug-treated grouphad significant reductions in CRP levels. After five years, CRP levels amongthose taking the drug we...

NYU researcher unveils the scientist in painter Chuck Close

...signer of an eyechart -- the Pelli-Robson contrast sensitivity chart -- that measures thefaintest letter we can see, complementing the traditional eye chart measurementof the smallest letter we can see, to provide a more complete assessment ofvisual function....

Study shows benefit of pioneering U-M program for newborns at risk of hearing impairment

...acoustic emission test will be given, allowing the sensitivity andobjectivity of the two tests to be compared. All tested newborns, healthy and at-risk, who fail the initial test will betested again at the age of 6 weeks to assess their hearing ability even moreaccurately. Parents whose babies are not tested wil...

Hartford Institute sponsors SNAPP initiative to bring best practices to non-geriatric nurses

...the Avon Products Foundation, Inc.,includes: aging sensitivity materials; geriatric literature; curricula andtraining materials; a listing of gerontologic websites; and materials from anumber of geriatric organizations. In addition to the booth, SNAPP provides technical assistance tonational specialty nu...

Pain, itself, elicits pain relief, and does so through 'reward' pathway

...ts, in withdrawal,can experience pain or increased sensitivity to painful stimuli. "It may be thatone of the reasons people stay addicted is to avoid going through thisunpleasant state of withdrawal," said Gear. Under other conditions, it's possible that a painful stimulus, by activating thenucleus accumbens, mi...

Scientists provide first detailed maps of wiring circuitry in the living human brain

... of these cables. Using an MRI method that hashigh sensitivity to water movements, the researchers traced these cables byfollowing the preferred direction of water movement. The research team studied four volunteers and determined the wiringlayout of fiber bundles throughout the brain, which primarily we...

Study: moms' depression hurts kids' development

...ebut also were the only group to show a decline in sensitivity between the15-month and 24-month assessments, Cox said. As toddlers emerged from the periodsome call the "terrible twos" and became less willful, interactions with mothersgrew more positive. Strengths of the study include its large sample siz...

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