Tag: "smears" at medical news

Vinegar Offers Dependable Test For Cervical Cancer

...er and its precursors ingeographic areas where Pap smears may not be available, according to a study ofAfrican women by researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Zimbabwe. Results of the study, published in the March 13 issue of the Britishjournal The Lancet, showed that nurse-midwives w...

Anal Cancer Screening For HIV-Positive Gay And Bisexual Men Would Save Lives And Be Cost Effective, New Study Shows

Just as use of Pap smears has led to a dramatic drop in cervical cancer, sos...vical cancer was preventable before the use of Pap smears asa screening aid became widespread in the 1960s, Palefsky adds. Leader of the study and first autho...

New biomarker for cervical cancer

... The clinical trial will examine cervical smears for telomerase, aprotein released into cells when ...in women with cancer. Over 2.5 millionabnormal Pap smears are reported in the U.S. per year. "Of these the majority represent minimally abnormal cytology, or...

Anxiety over breast self-examination may lead to low compliance, UCLA researchers find

...lar mammograms and 89 percent went for regular Pap smears (swab tests that look for cancer cells in the cervix), only 34 percent of the women performed regular breast self-exams. Compared to mammography, a type of X-ray procedure used to detect breast cancer, breast self-examination is a less accurate cance...

Human papilloma virus test increases cancer detection rate, study finds

...hat could lead to cervical cancer. For years, Pap smears have been the standard of care in screening forcervical cancer, said Jeanne Mandelblatt, MD, professor of oncology andlead author of this paper. What weve found is that adding an HPV testupfront not only increases cancer detection rate, it is alsocos...

Cervical tissue changes may explain false negative pap smears

...ossible alternative reasons for false-negative Pap smears include poor cell sample collection, mistakes in transferring cells to slides and human error in evaluating the collected cells....

Visual inspection: A low-tech tool for reducing cervical cancer rates

...sults, at a cost of $679 per life year saved. Pap smears would be as efficient only if at least 90 percent of the women received follow-up care and the tests were at least 80 percent sensitive in accurately detecting precancerous lesions. Compared to no screening, the scientists estimate that visual inspec...

Women vets get less on-site specialty care at VA facilities

...seven of nine basic health care services, like Pap smears and birth control prescriptions, within the facility. Sexual trauma counseling, a specialized service, was also offered on-site at 96 percent of the facilities. Other specialized services, however, were often provided off-site through a contract with...

Most women can skip Pap smears after hysterectomy

...or other abnormalities. "Why are doctors doing Pap smears on women who don't have a cervix? It doesn't make .... For example, it's not known how accurate vaginal smears are for detecting vaginal cancer. Researchers assumed it was as accurate as the test is for cervical...

Other highlights in the September 3 issue of JNCI

...uggest that HPV testing of women with abnormal Pap smears may help identify women who might benefit from chemopreventive treatment....

Nov/Dec 2003 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...smear results are mildly abnormal? Are annual Pap smears so firmly entrenched that patients or clinicians m...e Services Task Force that low-risk women need Pap smears only every three years after three consecutive normal Pap smear results, researchers found that wome...

Inconsistent guidelines lead to wide variation in chaperone use during Pap smears, U-M study finds

... addition, doctors who performed fewer than 20 Pap smears a month were more likely to use a chaperone than d...alth System does recommend its doctors perform Pap smears with a nurse or assistant in the room, but it is not required....

Elderly women over-screened for cancers with little measurable benefit

...are receiving a large number of mammograms and Pap smears with limited scientific evidence of advantage, res...e at Duke. Although the use of mammography and Pap smears is lower among older women than middle-aged women, the Duke researchers cite data from two large pop...

Some screening tests should not be advocated

...ther complications. While mammography and cervical smears have been shown to reduce cancer mortality and are to be strongly recommended, breast and testicular self examination are further examples of the failure to apply scientific rigour to screening, he says. Self examination has been widely advocated on ...

HPV testing helps identify potential cases of cervical cancer, meta-analysis suggests

...al abnormalities that are found during routine Pap smears are quite common, and many of these abnormalities disappear without ever causing problems. The most definitive way to determine if an abnormality has the potential to become cancerous is to perform a biopsy obtained by colposcopy, which is more invas...

Increasing the risk of cancer

... According to an analysis of nearly a million Pap smears collected over 16 consecutive years in southern Ho...hip between the detection of HPV-positive cervical smears and extent of potential sunlight exposure," said William H. M. Hrushesky, M.D., VA Professor, Cell &...

Pap smears, mammography should be targeted at healthy elders, study says

Pap smears and mammography screening should be targeted at he...is that the rates of screening mammography and Pap smears have really increased in healthy older women," says lead researcher Louise C. Walter, MD, UCSF assis...

Even health-conscious women going without colonoscopy

...en among women who had had both mammograms and Pap smears regularly, only 51 percent had gotten their colons...est. Still, women who had both mammograms and Pap smears as recommended were more than five times as likely to have had a colonoscopy or other colon cancer c...

July/August 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet

...60 percent and increased the odds of screening pap smears more than 50 percent. As the authors point out, statistics show that disadvantaged patients, including racial and ethnic minorities, patients of low socioeconomic status and those who are uninsured or insured by Medicaid are more likely to have poor...

Can cabbage help prevent cervical cancer?

...ment only women with borderline or mildly abnormal smears are being invited to participate, however, if a positive result is seen the research may be extended to include different groups of women, for example those with more severe abnormalities on their cervical smear. Participation in this trial is entire...

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