Tag: "speech" at medical news
Neurobehavioral function during coma, stroke rehabilitation effective for elderly
...al (TE) prosthesis to speak. Thirty men who use TE speech
as their primary mode of communication completed a general information form and a quality of life (QOL) instrument. Volunteers reported a high level of QOL in the areas of communication, eating, pain, and emotion, challenging data from previous studi...
'Speaker's cramp', a new type of involuntary mouth-, lip-muscle movement
... (oromandibular dystonia), manifesting only during speech
as grimacing and sound distortion, has been diagno...reated with Botox injections. Patients rated their speech
difficulties on visual analogue scales, and video recordings for dystonia scores and neurological an...
Treatment guidelines for kids with bipolar disorder published
... decreased need for sleep without daytime fatigue, speech
that is difficult to interrupt, racing thoughts, distractibility that varies with mood, increased goal-directed activity, hypersexuality, and in some cases, hearing voices. "The disorder runs in families, and children with the illness are at extrem...
New device will help stroke victims' recovery
...spital visits. Victims may lose the power of clear speech
and can feel embarrassed and depressed by their condition. The recovery may be prolonged because of difficulty in diagnosing the seriousness of damage and its precise location. Alladin will provide accurate information at the outset and throughout th...
When the brain, not the ears, goes hard of hearing
...mong the elderly is that they have trouble hearing speech
because of background noise. Someone might hear fi...on a cheap stereo it's only going to distort your speech
and add to the confusion." Six years ago the same team of researchers reported finding a closely re...
Viagra used in stroke recovery study
...ms to help individuals regain or improve motor and speech
skills as well as cognitive thinking. Viagra, or s...he usual treatments would be occupational therapy, speech
therapy and physical therapy," says Dr. Silver. "Rene's family asked for anything else beyond the st...
U of T researchers describe 'Joe Canadian' tongue
...artially resected tongues during the production of speech
sounds. By measuring the 3-D topography of the ton...s each of 10 normal speakers produced a variety of speech
sounds, Bressmann and Irish were able to describe basic mechanisms underlying the normal functioning...
Auditory test to help identify learning impaired
...ng problems such as dyslexia and in children whose speech
perception is extraordinarily disrupted by environ... recordings using clicks or tones, the BioMAP uses speech
syllables that better reflect the acoustic and phonetic complexities characteristic of speech. Using...
Why North America is not a rhythm nation
...e flexible in processing different word sounds and speech
patterns from a variety of speakers, but it isn't ...eign. Although we know that young infants perceive speech
in a manner that is language-general, our findings are unique and important in suggesting that the s...
Early supported discharge services can reduce long term dependency for stroke patients
...omprising physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech
and language therapy, staff with medical, nursing, and social work support) to a selected group (41%) of stroke patients admitted to hospital. Patients in the analysis had similar characteristics. The investigators found that those who received the ...
Older people get the big picture faster, and they are less inhibited
...e out distractions. We've seen it in cognition and speech
studies, and now we see it in vision. Although we don't know if those are all linked, we think the visual effect is due to changes in the effectiveness of inhibitory neurotransmitters in the brain." Neurotransmitters are chemical substances that can ...
NHS Trusts meeting government target on stroke units 'in name only'
...an or social worker, and nearly one in five had no speech
and language therapy. Three out of five had no clinical psychology. The authors conclude: "This study suggests that in many hospitals [the target] is being achieved without adequate resource or expertise."...
Hands-on or hands-free, using a cell phone while driving is not safe, researchers find
...unication technology -- such as wireless Internet, speech
recognition systems, satelitte radio, and e-mail -..., and Caird and by Atchley and Dressel). Using a speech
recognition system to reduce distraction, such as speaking an address into a navigation system, can ...
Need better social research but it doesn't come cheap
...fessor Loomes sets out the case for his study in a speech
at the international 'Learning about Risk' conference, in Canterbury, launching the ESRC Social Contexts and Responses to Risk Network (see Notes for Editors). He says: "The stakes are high the allocation of thousands of millions of pounds, dollars,...
Hearing aid signal not clear? Then switch frequency to FM, finds UCI study
...the performance of many hearing aids and automatic speech
recognition devices by separating and blocking out... notoriously difficult for cochlear-implant users: speech
recognition with a competing voice, speaker recognition and Mandarin-tone recognition. The researche...
Thinking of prepositions turns brain 'on' in different ways
... brain injuries in stroke patients affect specific speech
components to develop therapies to help their patients." The four patients in Kemmerer's study were used because of similar brain injuries, such as lesions from stroke, in the perisylvian region, which is responsible for language processing. Ke...
New method to fix cleft palate shows promise in Mayo Clinic lab study
...e implications for the shape of the palate and for speech
later." Currently, standard treatment for cleft palate repair involves surgery in which the mucosal flaps of the roof of the mouth are sewn together over the cleft. The actual missing bone is not repaired. Some of the potential downsides of this rep...
Baby talk: Infants have much to say if adults will only listen
...s of infants who use cochlear implants and provide speech
therapists a means to assess the progress of indiv...ce this was the first lab in the world to research speech
and language development in hearing-impaired infants with cochlear implants, we have paved the way f...
Exercise for special populations, sensory research, factors impacting rehabilitation top issues
...es to use for best results. Users of automatic speech
recognition lukewarm about system performance, pg 739 This study explores how well automatic speech
recognition (ASR) systems meet the needs of users with physical disabilities. The top reason for usi...
Advances in understanding brain circuits responsible for tics in Tourette's shed light on disorder
...aviors including obscene or socially inappropriate speech
and more rarely self-injurious behaviors. In addition to tics, individuals with Tourette's also often have obsessions, compulsions, and attentional deficits. Scientists now know that symptoms of Tourette's syndrome likely arise from dysfunction in a...
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