Tag: "spread" at medical news
First UK cases of previously rare disease reported in gay men
... to alert clinicians and those most at risk to the spread
of the infection. In January 2005, the first 24 cases were reported in the UK, mostly from sexual health clinics in London. All were in gay men, 17 of whom were HIV positive. Four also had hepatitis C infection. Five thought they had caught the inf...
Economist: Cuba's state-run baseball doesn't go to bat for players
...rd calculated the standard deviation a measure of spread
in team records. Each league's "imbalance score" was derived from the ratio of its actual record over an "ideal" standard deviation that would be expected if all teams were evenly matched and winning or losing was the equivalent of flipping a coin. ...
Hospital acquired infections present major problem for infants in developing countries
... attendants, state the authors. The main source of spread
of infection for Staphylococcus aureus is the hands of health care providers. The authors also found that antimicrobial resistance in newborn nurseries in developing countries has reached alarming levels. They estimate that 70% of pathogens isolated ...
NHS target driven culture is failing patients
...) could have been avoided. "The hospital care was spread
across three sites, delivered by six teams and by numerous members of within each team, while the information passed to her GP was patchy," he writes. "Worryingly, it was the system increasingly engineered to medical technicians rather than to profe...
Child care may affect entire community's risks of infection
Any parent knows how quickly a cold or a cough can spread
between children who play together. However, child...n a large group child care center, kids can easily spread
the bacteria to their playmates through close contact. The level of pneumococcal carriage varies wid...
Opponents of needle-exchange programs should think about their message to drug users
...eedle-exchange programs (NEPs) can help reduce the spread
of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, many legislators refuse to support such efforts and instead write off death and illness as "just deserts" for illegal behavior, said William Martin, senior fellow in religion and public policy at the Baker Institute. In a ...
New studies suggest airborne SARS transmission is possible
...using severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) may spread
through the air, not just through direct contact w...diseases transmission could adequately explain the spread
of the disease in the outbreak, and hence we feel that the evidence is quite strong." An editorial a...
Targeting mutant B-Raf protein reduces melanoma development
...ion of mutant v599EB-Raf protein could prevent the spread
of melanoma and halt tumor growth for those melanomas containing the B-Raf mutation," said Gavin P. Robertson, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology, pathology, and dermatology, Penn State College of Medicine, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medica...
Flu pandemic coming, US not prepared
..., health care workers caring for sick people often spread
patients' infections. To prevent unnecessary deaths and disease, an annual flu vaccination should be mandatory for all health care workers who have contact with patients. Strengthen education. Health care workers and the public need to better under...
Protein that helps skin cancer spread identified by Stanford researchers
...intact is also needed by skin cancer cells as they spread
to other regions of the body, researchers at the S...his protein's role opens the door for stopping the spread
of this deadly cancer-the second most common cancer type in the United States. The work, which appea...
Invasive pneumonia and antibiotic resistance decreased after childhood vaccine introduced
...ut also just how quickly antibiotic resistance can spread
when antibiotics are used inappropriately. It will be important to continue combining vaccines with programs that emphasize appropriate use of antibiotics."...
Mayo Clinic discovers 'new pathway' against pancreatic cancer
...scovering a key molecule that controls the growth, spread
and survival of pancreatic cancer cells. This is ...ether these same actors play a similar role in the spread
of other cancer types. The Key Finding The Mayo Clinic researchers discovered a previously unreco...
GlaxoSmithKline receives unanimous favorable recommendation by FDA Advisory Committee for Boostrix
...stem that causes spasms of severe coughing. It is spread
through airborne droplets of an infected person's cough or sneeze. The first symptoms of pertussis are similar to the "common cold" with a mild fever, runny nose and a cough. Symptoms generally progress to more severe coughing episodes, often with ...
AACC and The Endocrine Society partner to promote patient education
...ests Online and will encourage its members to help spread
the word about AACC's award-winning patient education web site. The Endocrine Society, the world's oldest, largest, and most active organization in the field of endocrinology, is the first organization to join the site's new Endorser program, which ...
HIV-1 spread through six transmission lines in the UK
... back to one source, a new study suggests that HIV spread
via at least six independent virus introductions a... behaviour have been more effective in slowing the spread
of the disease. The collaborative study led by University College London (UCL) scientists found tha...
Tumor-targeted immune cells cure prostate cancer in mice without causing systemic immune suppression
...cells showed no or little evidence that cancer had spread
in the body. Importantly, mice that received TGF-beta-insensitive CD8+ T cells did not develop systemic autoimmune disease, as had been the case in earlier studies by Lee and other researchers. "To the best of our knowledge, studies to test this ...
Aircraft cabin ventilation influences the transmission of diseases in-flight
... ventilation within aircraft cabins can reduce the spread
of infectious diseases in-flight, suggests a revie...ercial airlines are a suitable environment for the spread
of pathogens carried by passengers or crew, the environmental control systems used in commercial air...
Study examines lessons learned at Africa's first public antiretroviral treatment clinic
...rnment's ongoing support of efforts to control the spread
of HIV/AIDS has been a key to the creation of the ARV clinic. "From President [Ketumile] Masire to President [Festus] Mogae, the leadership on approaching the epidemic as a national epidemic has been unbelievable," Dr. Marlink said. Most African med...
Study examines consequences of Thailand's 'war on drugs'
...d risky syringe behaviors, which contribute to the spread
of HIV. More research is needed to monitor the effects of Thailand's drug policy," said Susan Sherman, co-author of the study and associate professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. "The influence of Thaila...
Northwestern Memorial physicians encourage screenings during colon cancer awareness month
...preferred treatment. However, Dr. Stryker wants to spread
the word that colorectal cancer surgery hardly ever requires a permanent colostomy as in years past. "Our goal is to always preserve normal function as well as to perform a potentially life-saving surgery," says Dr. Stryker. "Without proper education...
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