Tag: "sputum" at medical news
Simple sputum test for confirmation of childhood tuberculosis
...ung children can be confirmed by a straightforward sputum
test, rather than the conventional and invasive pr...ing to a standard procedure. Samples from induced sputum
and gastric lavage were positive in 87% and 65% of children, respectively. The yield from one sample...
New data show SPIRIVA significantly reduces COPD exacerbations and related health resource burden
...the past 24 hours (worsening of dyspnoea, cough or sputum
production; appearance of purulent sputum; fever [>38C] or appearance of new chest X-ray abnormality) requiring a new prescription, or an increase in the dose, of b2-agonists, antibiotics, corticosteroids or bronchodilators. About SPIRIVA (tiot...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for May 2004 (second issue)
...valuate outcomes, 137 (85 percent) converted their sputum
cultures to negative values, but 25 (15 percent) failed to convert. In an editorial in the same issue about the study, author David E. Griffith, M.D., of the University of Texas Health Center, Tyler, Texas, said that there had been an important shift...
Researcher funded to locate lung tumors
...ation methods, which include X-rays, bronchoscopy, sputum
assays and random biopsies. Mitra's technique of optical tomography uses a short pulse laser focused on the tissue to be probed. "Our intent is to non-invasively obtain information about the interior of the tissue from the optical signals," said Mit...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2004
...DNase) is not only an effective method of reducing sputum
secretion viscosity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), it also prevents the increase in airway inflammation seen in untreated patients. The investigators examined 105 CF patients, aged 5 to 37 years (with the mean age about 12), using the bronch...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for March 2004 (first issue)
...tion rate. The researchers analyzed pre-treatment sputum
specimens from 200 patients over age 15. All had been diagnosed with smear-positive TB. The authors demonstrated that 19 percent of the patients in the study were simultaneously infected with strains belonging to the Beijing and non-Beijing evoluti...
Blood test could avoid inappropriate use of antibiotics for respiratory infections (pp 600)
...ents with acute exacerbation of COPD, 60% positive sputum
cultures for bacteria were found regardless of whether procalcitonin concentrations were high or low; however, those patients not treated with antibiotics because of low procalcitonin still had successful infection clearance: these patients were colo...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2004 (second issue)
...ds to diagnose the disease. A test called induced sputum
analysis also gave superior results but was deemed...ompared with exhaled nitric oxide measurements and sputum
cell counts. The authors said that the sensitivities for each of conventional tests ran from 0 to 4...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February 2004 (first issue)
...responses to a questionnaire, results from induced sputum
samples, and an airway challenge test. Of the 10... able to obtain satisfactory samples of individual sputum
from 98 persons with occupational asthma to determine the number of sputum
eosinophils and neutrophi...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for January 2004 (first issue)
...y and tussive (cough-related) mediators in induced sputum
from 62 persons with various types of chronic cough, along with those from 18 normal control subjects. They said that their findings were consistent with the hypothesis that chronic cough is associated with abnormal release of inflammatory mediators...
COPD's changing face
...e a diagnosis on the presence of chronic cough and sputum
or on abnormal lung function -- we can end up with very different prevalence numbers." COPD is usually first diagnosed in patients in their mid-50s. COPD is an expensive disease that causes premature disability, premature mortality and sends patients...
Modified lung donor standards decrease mortality
...nary disease, chest radiographic changes, purulent sputum
on bronchoscopy, or a decrease in oxygenation on 100 percent oxygen. Donors were matched with recipients, resulting in 20 patients receiving extended donor lungs and 11 patients receiving standard lungs. Recipients in both donor groups had similar ...
UCLA seeks thousands of current and former smokers for landmark lung cancer screening trial
...will collect and store samples of blood, urine and sputum
from study participants. These samples will provide an important resource for testing biological markers of lung cancer that might someday serve as screening tests themselves or might better help identify those at risk of getting lung cancer....
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for August (second issue)
...cteristics of COPD include symptoms such as cough, sputum
production, and shortness of breath on exertion. Unexplained weight loss due to skeletal muscle atrophy occurs frequently in these patients. Theresearch appears in the second issue for August 2002 of the American Thoracic Society's peer-reviewed Ame...
American Thoracic Society news tips for June (second issue)
...howed significant reductions in cough symptoms and sputum
production, as well as exhibited less use of reliever medication. However, ICS patientsdid not demonstrate improvement in breathlessness, wheezing, exercise tolerance, or in a general feeling of well being. There was no significant change in lung f...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for February (second issue)
...ecomputed tomography detected 23 cases alone while sputum
cytology analysis detected two alone, according to Mayo Clinic investigators. (Lung cancer is the most common fatal malignancy among adults in the U.S.) Researchers pointed to studies that suggested screening with spiral computed tomography can det...
West meets East - WHO tuberculosis treatment
...a. Standard WHO tuberculosis outcomes and rates of sputum
conversion were used as primary outcomes. 646 patients took part in the trial; 356 patients were given Russian tuberculosis treatment (155 smear positive) and 290 were given WHO short-course chemotherapy (155 smear positive). There was no statistica...