Tag: "start" at medical news

Second stage of HIV vaccine trial begins in London and Oxford, UK

...re it is there. The aim is to give the body a head start in fending the virus off to stop it overpowering t...onse to HIV that we have seen in these women." The start of the trial was also welcomed by Derek Bodell, Chief Executive of the National Aids Trust who said:...

Violence against women

This week marks the start of a new Lancet series-Violence against Women. Over the next six weeks, the series will discuss current challenges and debates on violence against women and the implications for public health. In the first article, Charlotte Watts and Cathy Zimmerman...

Antiretroviral therapy around childbirth reduces risk of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission

...onse to the AIDS catastrophe. What better place to start than with mothers and children?...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April (first issue)

...eeze despite having nocold. To gather data at the start of the study, the research team collected dust samples from individual homes of the mothers to assay for dust mite, cat dander, and cockroach allergens. The women were also measured for specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to specific antigens ...

Psychologists hunt for new ways to detect precursors to Alzheimer's Disease

...gical testing may help indicate when it is time to start medication. Along these lines, researchers at the Catholic University of America and the National Institute of Mental Healths Geriatric Psychiatry Branch are similarly interested in cognitive precursors to full-blown Alzheimers Disease, and in lin...

Children as young as 5 have gender bias when it comes to picking a musical instrument

...tus in our society and, with increasing age, girls start to adopt more masculine attributes." This was illustrated in the control group where only 27 percent of the kindergarten girls selected a masculine instrument, but 50 percent of the girls in the fourth grade did so. "At the same time, there is more ...

Why heart transplant patients resume smoking revealed in University of Pittsburgh study

...r longer periods of time) were much more likely to start smoking earlier and more often. Depression and anxiety within two months after the transplant also made it more likely that relapse would occur early, and these patients reported smoking the most -- more than a half a pack a day. Having a caregiver ...

Exploring the brain chemistry of people at risk for alcohol disorders

...n working with such groups," said Lovallo, "we can start a long-term study of persons at risk before they have begun drinking excessively. We can then perform follow-up studies to see who does and who does not show a tendency to drink heavily."...

Ten percent fatigue at work within one year

...anies during a three-year period. A year after the start of the study, almost ten percent of the originally... responded. Of these 8000 were not fatigued at the start of the study. These 8000 received an extensive questionnaire once a year and a short questionnaire t...

Junior doctors need training to reduce prescribing errors

...ctors in the principles of drug dosing before they start prescribing, and enforce good practice in documentation. They should also create a culture in which prescription writing is seen as important, and formally review interventions made by pharmacists, locum arrangements, and the workload of junior docto...

Let them sleep!

...des and with behavioral problems. Changing school start times to later has been shown to improve attendance in this age group. The later wake times of the older teenagers in the current study further suggests that there may be benefits to starting school later. However, this is a complex issue that need...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April (second issue)

...t level completely reversed within one hour of the start of sildenafil infusion. This result was in contrast to those of the controls (no change) and the six pigletstreated with nitric oxide (40 percent reduction in two hours). The researchers believe that sildenafil may play an important role in the fut...

Applied Biosystems introduces next generation production level DNA analysis systems

...ncludes an early access program period expected to start in June, with broader commercial release to follow in the summer. The addition of the 3730 and 3730xl DNA analyzers to the Applied Biosystems existing portfolio of industry-leading genetic analyzers provides researchers with a wider range of platform...

Artificial organs

...w simple body tissues such as knee cartilage. They start with a shaped, porous scaffold made from a biodegradable plastic like polylactic glycolic acid (PLGA). The scaffold is "seeded" by plunging it into a solution of the patient's cells and then immersing it in a nutrient solution. As the cells multiply ...

Young adults dont heed warning message of heart attack or stroke in family

...ants risk level for heart attack and stroke at the start of the study by examining such risk factors as weight, smoking and blood cholesterol. This evaluation was repeated twice at five-year intervals. At each assessment, the researchers also determined which participants had a close family member -- eithe...

Women suffering from anorexia are 50 times more likely to commit suicide

...ho were all diagnosed with anorexia nervosa at the start of the study) died by suicide, resulting in an elevated standardized mortality ratio of 56.9 for the anorexia nervosa subgroup. A total of 58 of the 246 subjects reported at least one suicide attempt during the course of the study, and of these, 32 ...

New treatment for spinal disorder proves effective in UCSF study

...nt proteins known as cytokines, and these soldiers start a relentless attack on the body, prompting a damaging increase in inflammation. A key to this lost immune control is a molecule called tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) which normally prompts increased cytokine action. Etanercept, on the market...

New hope for treating or avoiding heart failure after cancer drugs

... function beginning three months or more after the start of chemotherapy. Three years after treatment nearly 60% had experienced a 25% decrease in left ventricular function and within five years a fifth of the patients treated with high dose epirubicin had developed severe cardiomyopathy. The more severe ...

Faster detection of bacteria in water, food

... permanently damage the kidneys. Now patients can start taking the proper medications within hours of the test." Dr. Hallerman added that "the research will improve the sensitivity, speed of detection and identification of bacteria such as E. coli. Because the test is rapid, sensitive and specific, it may...

Insulin pump effective for infants, children

...nd training in the use of insulin pumps before the start of the trial. The children were treated with insulin pumps for seven to 19 months. Throughout the study, parents monitored their children's blood glucose levels at least four times each day. The effect of pump therapy on diabetic control was assessed...

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(Date:10/22/2014)... Steven Reinberg HealthDay ... Infants who quickly add weight and length may be showing ... suggests. In adults, certain genes have been linked to ... proportionate gains in fat and lean muscle, the researchers said. ... heavier and taller. By ages 2 and 3, however, these ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Tara Haelle HealthDay Reporter , ... young adult men may lead to increased blood pressure, according ... a similar rise in blood pressure for young adult women ... young adult women drank lightly or moderately, their risk of ... "This finding parallels studies in older adult men and ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Dennis Thompson HealthDay ... U.S. health officials on Monday officially tightened guidelines for health ... no skin exposure and use of a respirator at all ... decided to issue the tougher rules after two Dallas nurses ... in the United States, Liberian national Thomas Eric Duncan. Nina ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 2014 With a mere 19 days ... made a brief fundraising stop at the  Law ... Fresh from a debate last night with his opponent ... for the first seven minutes because Crist had an ... the incident in one word: "weird." , Before touching ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... NY (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 ... non-profit organization that helps New Yorkers living with ... changes toward health, housing, recovery and self-sufficiency. Each ... transformed the local community through their tireless efforts. ... Marc Shapses , has been selected as ...
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