Tag: "stomach" at medical news

Duke Study Suggests New Class Of Drugs Could Bypass Leptin Loop

...servesas it does with signaling the brain that the stomach is full -- a discovery that could leadto a new class of drugs that bypass the leptin brain circuit and target the fat cell itself. Duke researchers say their study, reported today in the journal Nature,is the first to demonstrate how leptin initiat...

Drug And Radiation Treatment May Shrink Pancreatic And Gastric Tumors

...ose with pancreatic cancers. Most pancreatic and stomach tumors are hard to detect at an early stage.When they are found, the tumors have often spread locally into lymph nodes andsurrounding blood vessels. These malignancies may be too extensive to remove bysurgery, particularly in frail patients. Accord...

Mother's Milk: Nutrition And Nurture For Infants -- And The Best Defense Against Disease

...latory proteins in breast milk can passthrough the stomach of an infant and into the intestine, from which they enterthe infant's bloodstream largely intact. In the adult, these proteins would bedestroyed." Investigations by other scientists have demonstrated that vaccineresponses in breast-fed infan...

Study Finds Aspirin Does Not Prevent High-Risk Cases Of Preeclampsia

... Side effects of aspirin include irritation of the stomach and intestineand spontaneous hemorrhaging. During pregnancy, aspirin may increase the riskfor abruptio placentae--separation of the placenta from the uterine wall atbirth. The authors note that preeclampsia is a leading cause of maternalde...

Emerging Pathogens And Safety Of Fresh Produce Key Issues Facing Food IndustryAnd Scientists

... Viral gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and intestines) isthe second leading cause of illness in the United States. Foodborne parasitescan cause devastating health problems. "A Look Into the Future: FoodborneViruses and Parasites" (Session 23, June 22, 9 AM) will explore ways to detect,i...

Compound In Meat Prevents Diabetes, Study Suggests

...cer and can reduce the number of mammary, skin and stomach tumors in laboratory animals. According to Vanden Heuvel, CLA inhibits cancer in part by activating hormone receptors called PPARs, scientific shorthand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors. The research on CLA in cancer studies had shown ...

National Office Of Drug Safety Is Needed, Experts Say In JAMA

...e drugs in connection with cardiovasculardiseases, stomach and intestinal bleeding, cancer and brain damage and memoryloss. Moore is with the Center for Health Policy Research at George WashingtonUniversity Medical Center, and Psaty is with the Cardiovascular Health ResearchUnit at the University of ...

Get Me To The ER On Time

...sea; orshortness of breath. Less common signs are stomach or abdominal pain; dizziness; difficultybreathing; unexplained anxiety; weakness or fatigue; palpitations; cold sweat;or paleness. Because the study was large and distributed over a wide geographic region,Luepker says more data from the REACT project...

Tobacco Will Kill One Third Of Chinese Men

...to eight per cent from each of oesophageal cancer, stomach cancer, liver cancer, stroke, ischaemic heart disease and tuberculosis. Two thirds of men now become smokers before age 25; few give up and about half of those who persist will be killed (about half of all persistent cigarette smokers in Britain and...

Discovery May Boost Effectiveness Of Chemotherapy

... Mitoxantrone-resistant cell lines from breast, stomach and colon cancersas well as multiple myeloma all were found to have increased levels of the newcancer resistance protein. The researchers are working on ways to overcome this newly-discovered form ofresistance and improve the effectiveness of chemoth...

Patients May Not Be Receiving The Highest Quality Of Care

...d an upper endoscopy to look for the presence of a stomach ulcer ortumor, 50 percent of physicians operating under the strictest managed care plandid not order the endoscopy. But even under a fee-for-service plan, 39 percentof physicians failed to recommend the procedure. "Because there has been concern in ...

New Type Of Artificial Surfactant Shows Promise In Treating Lung Disease

...ed to cardiac surgery, and accidental aspirationof stomach contents. In these forms of acute lung injury, blood or meconium interferes with normalsurfactant function, making breathing and oxygenation of the blood moredifficult. For example, if capillary walls inside the lungs are injured, theybegin to lea...

New Anti-Inflammatory Drug Is Easy On The Stomach

...uprofenthree times a day showed significantly more stomach and duodenal ulcers onendoscopic examination than ...so responsible formaintaining the integrity of the stomach lining. That's why drugs that interferewith COX tend to carry a high risk of ulcer formation. "NSAID...

Primary care highly valued, but difficulty accessing specialists undermines patient trust, UCSF study finds

...ns - congestive heartfailure, prostate disease, or stomach ulcers - and had a mean age of 67. Theybelonged to one of ten large medical groups in California. The researchers were impressed at the very high rates of approval given toprimary care physicians, said Grumbach. Ninety-four percent of patients valu...

UCSF researchers report new risk factors for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

...H2-receptor antagonists, which are medications for stomach ulcers(2.5-fold). Holly says that the increased risk associated with cimetidine andhistamine H2 antagonists is probably related to underlying conditions of stomachulcers rather than the drugs themselves. In addition, an increased risk was associated...

OHSU researchers test medication that targets fever without side effects

...he body. COX-1 is found inmany tissues such as the stomach and the kidneys, where it is involved withday-to-day bodily functions. In contrast, the COX-2 enzyme is not found in mosttissues, but surfaces in response to illness. While most medications likeibuprofen affect both forms of the enzyme, rofecoxib spe...

UCSF researchers discover new piece of puzzle in cancer development

...in epithelial cells, including those of thebreast, stomach and colon, said co-author Simon W. Hayward, PhD, UCSF assistantadjunct professor of urology and anatomy and a member of the UCSF CancerCenter. "This finding is fundamental to cancer processes in general. Itpotentially opens a whole new field for canc...

Nausea from anesthesia plummets with extra oxygen

... evolved response is nausea andvomiting to rid the stomach of the source of the problem. "The extra oxygen may help the tissue avoid this reaction," Sessler suggests.The research is part of on-going studies by an international science team, theOutcomes Research Group, examining accepted practice in anesthesi...

Noveau neurons are better than no neurons at all

...ork controls the rhythmic way food passes from the stomach to the lobster's digestive system. By removing crucial biological neurons from the natural circuit, the UCSD researchers essentially created "lobster epilepsy" and then cured it. The Navy would like to emulate biological systems for information proce...

The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists releases latest findings at Annual Meeting

...Zofran) in a nasal spray form, which by-passes the stomach and enters the circulatory system as rapidly as an intravenous injection. Inhalable Insulin for Diabetes Sufferers --Freedom from painful self-injections may be close to reality for the 16 million Americans who suffer from Type I and Type II diabet...

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(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014) When it comes to the cost and ... Patients get the best care when they are treated ... extensive experience in their current job, according to a ... and Columbia Business School. The study was published in ... Applied Economics . , The review of more ...
(Date:4/13/2014)... STANFORD, Calif. A low-cost empowerment program for ... and sexual harassment of these girls, who live ... and are frequently attacked, a large new study ... Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children,s ... No Worldwide, validated the program,s effectiveness in combating ...
(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
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