Tag: "subgroups" at medical news

Acute Urinary Retention And BPH-Related Surgery: Predicting Those At Highest Risk And Prevention With Finasteride

... risk of these outcomes by approximately 50% inall subgroups over the four-year period....

ACE-Inhibitors Score High In Reducing Heart Attack Deaths

...ys.Grazia Franzosi conducted the study to identify subgroups of individuals in whomthe drugs would be particularly beneficial and to determine their overall effectin reducing deaths from heart attacks. The study combines four large-scale drugtrials in Australia, Canada, China, Europe, the Mediterranean, Scand...

Study Reveals Possible Link Between Osteoarthritis, Diet

...arly in blacks. Subjects in the study were subgroups of 3,200 people participating inthe university's continuing Johnston County (N.C.) Osteoarthritis Project, thefirst racially balanced, population-based study of the condition in whites andblacks. The UNC-CH researchers reported two years ago that exc...

Margin Width The Key To Control Of Ductal Carcinoma In Situ Of The Breast

...diation therapymay not be the best option for some subgroups of patients with DCIS who chooseto preserve their ...criminatingquestions we ask today of exactly which subgroups might benefit fromradiotherapy and by how much. If the benefit in a given subgroup is small, theadva...

Study finds predictors for youth violence and drugs

...studied before: self-identification with on-campus subgroups or social sets. The USC researchers found that students who identified themselves as part ofcertain "high risk" campus groups showed a high tendency over the course of thesubsequent year to become involved with violence, drugs, or both. The "high ris...

PSA testing alone cannot fully explain drop in deaths from prostate cancer

...from three tofive years, the results were based on subgroups of men who tend to have shorterlead times than the population as a whole, Etzioni says. "Even if PSA testing improves life expectancy in a clinically meaningful way, weconclude that it is unlikely that the declines in mortality observed from 1992thro...

First NIH clinical trial for interstitial cystitis begins

... those therapies mostlikely to relieve symptoms in subgroups of patients." The cause of interstitialcystitis is unknown and no one therapy works effectively in a large number ofpatients. Often mistaken for a bladder infection, IC may elude diagnosis foryears. Clinical trial participants will be divided into ...

Research finds U.S. adolescents inactive; blacks, Hispanics, Asians at biggest risk

...ble racial and ethnicdifferences in activity among subgroups of U.S. teen-agers. Researchers wantedto target As...ey also broke down minority populations to look at subgroups such as Cubans,Puerto Ricans, Chinese and Filipinos. A report on the findings appears in the...

Condom use in young adults motivated more by pregnancy than AIDS

...erventions to the unique concerns andlifestyles of subgroups of condom users and nonusers." The study was funded by a grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse andAlcoholism....

Early treatment of blinding eye disease in infants can prevent severe vision loss

...The results also clearly indicate that for certain subgroups of eyes, watchful waiting and not immediate treatment is the best approach." The study will continue to follow these infants until age six to ensure that the benefits of early treatment persist into childhood. "Because visual acuity continue...

DDT, PCBs not linked to higher rates of breast cancer, an analysis of five Northeast studies concludes

... might reveal such associations, at least for some subgroups of women. Today that explanation was dashed as ...d not find a consistent association in the various subgroups we looked at: Caucasian women, African-American women, women of various body mass and lactation hist...

New study: Treating depression, low social supports does not reduce heart patients deaths, heart attacks

... why the treatment didnt work or to see if certain subgroups of patients do benefit from the therapy. This study is an important first step in our quest to understand how to reduce heart disease risk by treating depression and social isolation, said Dr. Claude Lenfant, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute...

Alcohol preferences among pregnant Native and African American urban women

...t beverage-specific differences seen among at-risk subgroups are large and 'clinically significant' in terms of their impact on the doses consumed and the subsequent FAS risks. Kaskutas has added to a small but important literature arguing for greater specificity in terms not only of the three main beverage t...

Nicorandil could improve outcome for angina patients

...tatins reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in subgroups of patients with stable angina; however, the effect of specific antianginal treatment in these patients is unknown. The antianginal drug nicorandil is thought to have cardioprotective properties in addition to its anti-ischaemic effects. Henry Dargie...

Support for colorectal cancer screening

...creening sigmoidoscopy, or by suggesting that some subgroups have such a low risk of proximal colorectal cancer that sigmoidoscopy alone may be a quite adequate test. Implementation of a tailored approach, by adjusting intensity of screening or surveillance to a persons risk, requires consideration of three po...

Progress and future directions for management of hepatitis C

...is approach may prove useful in treating important subgroups of patients including children and injection drug users previously ineligible for treatment. Up to now, the majority of studies have focused on what is actually a narrow segment of the patient population. Thus, we still have a lot to learn." More...

Gene expression profiles predict survival of lymphoma patients after chemotherpy

...esearchers to identify drugs that are effective in subgroups of cancer patients, an approach that has already proven effective in finding new agents to treat breast cancer and leukemia. Staudt said gene profiling will make it possible to obtain more information from clinical trials in the future. "It makes s...

New drug combinations help patients whose HIV develops resistance after several different treatments

...ed with improved health," Dr Hammer says. Certain subgroups of patients, however, did better than others: patients who took two protease inhibitors and those who had never taken a non-nucleoside drug before the study. Patients who had a higher-than-usual level of sensitivity to the non-nucleoside inhibitor, e...

New genetic screening method predicts behaviour of Wilms' tumour in children

... of treatment if we could identify at presentation subgroups of those who could safely avoid treatment with cardiotoxic chemotherapy drugs and radiotherapy. Conversely, poor survival of those who relapse might be improved by early treatment intensification."...

Depression increases risk for some heart transplant patients

...waiting period," says Zipfel. "Both cardiomyopathy subgroups showed significantly increased levels of psychological distress compared with health controls," but the ischemic patients showed more depression and anxiety than the dilated patients did, he says. The researchers comment that previous study findings ...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... at the University of California, San Diego School of ... who have suffered a recent major loss are more ... adults. , The study is published in this month,s ... . , Because compassionate behaviors are associated with better ... offer insights into ways to improve the outcomes of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... created a new technology for modifying human cells ... body and selectively target cancer and other sites ... monitor and modify human physiology is a promising ... technology enabled bioengineers to build such devices that ... a customized fashion. , "The project addressed a ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... cause of neuronal death in Parkinson,s disease is still ... be mistaken for foreign invaders and killed by the ... diseases like type I diabetes, celiac disease, and multiple ... April 16, 2014, in Nature Communications . , ... Parkinson,s disease; but if true, it could lead to ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 17, 2014 EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization ... published a comprehensive review today examining the current state ... The review calls for improved global surveillance strategies to ... recent outbreak of Ebola in West Africa that has ... of Guinea and Liberia. According to the World ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... April 2014) Population Council scientists and their partners have ... and can prevent the transmission of multiple sexually transmitted ... animals: HIV, herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2), and human ... data that the gel is effective against multiple strains ... the vagina against all three viruses of at least ...
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