Tag: "subjects" at medical news
News tips from the care and outcomes meeting
...sed to African-Americans. More than 60 of the 211 subjects
had dropped out by the end of the first class. In...tion and working in a clerical occupation. Of the subjects
who continued the weight-loss program, the attendance rate was just 63 percent (6 of 10 classes). L...
Study: Dental sealants for children on Medicaid can reduce dental costs
...ally chewing surfaces on molars. The team reviewed subjects
experiences over eight years. Researchers analyzed what happened to the childrens teeth using information on costs of fillings and extractions in dentists claims filed for reimbursement. In high-risk children who did not get sealants, restorative de...
Regular cycling can improve sexual function in men with heart failure
...ability to produce an erection. None of the study subjects
had prostate disease, another frequent cause of sexual dysfunction. One group of 30 patients exercised on calibrated and electronically braked stationary bikes in a hospital-based, supervised program, while a second group of 29 heart patients did not...
Development of blood clots following long-haul flights prevented with single dose of enoxaparin sodium
...wever, in the aspirin group, 3.6 percent of the 84 subjects
had DVT, along with two superficial clots (p<..... In this study, the incidence of DVT observed in subjects
wearing compression stockings was 18.75 times lower than in the group who did not wear the stockings...
Researchers recommend community advisory boards to prevent lapses in informed consent
...f a research study to ensure that consenting human subjects
are fully informed about the study in question. T...tes and abroad, more recent studies in which human subjects
werent adequately informed can be found in both industrial and developing countries, the scientists ...
New car drivers exposed to toxic emissions
... after manufacture. Controlled exposures of human subjects
by other researchers to a 22-compound mixture at concentrations of less than half this have produced effects within minutes, such as subjective reactions (odour, discomfort, drowsiness, fatigue/confusion), eye/nose/throat irritation, headache and (in...
Neuroscientists searching for roots of empathy find brain regions involved in learning by imitation
...on learning the task). Eighteen right-handed male subjects
were asked to perform five tasks involving small, ...ther three tasks were control experiments in which subjects
were allowed to freely manipulate the objects any way they wanted to, just watch the demonstrator mo...
Consortium aims to improve protection of human research subjects
...ng demand for better procedures to inform research subjects
of the risks of taking part in clinical trials of ...and study of ways to ensure that clinical research subjects
are protected," said Joan E. Spero, president of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation. One m...
Dosage appears to be a critical factor in cocaine vaccine
... The first phase of the clinical trial included 34 subjects
and was intended to test how the vaccine worked, w...erious drug-related adverse events, although three subjects
at the highest dose experienced brief post injection twitching at the injection site. Were now tryin...
Researchers receive $1.7 million to study exercise therapy and effects on aging, heart failure
...a group of athletes of the same age. The sedentary subjects
will participate in a yearlong, endurance exercise-training program that will include walking, cycling and swimming. A third group of patients with a history of heart failure will be prescribed an identical exercise-training program and compared to t...
Dead leave stain of distress on mortuary workers
...roll and colleagues report. The study included 358 subjects
who volunteered or were assigned to the mortuary a...pidation about being exposed to dead bodies. These subjects
were more likely to develop signs of distress over the course of their tour of duty, the researchers...
Drug-free therapy gives patients reprieve from panic disorder
...chological-based treatment the subjects
received after halting their p... occasional group session, the subjects
in the current study were treated in groups of three to five individuals. ...
Initial clinical study shows safety and bioactivity of cancer vaccine
...olerated, reported Vieweg and his colleagues. Four subjects
had low-grade fevers and flu-like symptoms, and four patients had inflammation at the site of the injection that subsided after two to three days. "Patients responded well to the vaccine because we are using materials from their own body to create...
Depression raises heart failure rate in elderly women
...ith 9 percent of the women. Over the 14 years, 313 subjects
developed heart failure. Nineteen percent of the depressed women developed heart failure during the course of the study, compared with 10 percent of the non-depressed women. In contrast, 12 percent of the depressed men developed heart failure compare...
The hidden danger of hockey
...r baseline cardiac risk factors were assessed, the subjects
underwent holter electrocardiographic monitoring before, during and after at least 1 hockey game. The authors found that the maximum heart rate exceeded the target rate (calculated as 55% to 85% of the age-predicted maximum heart rate) for all subjec...
Brief exercise improves mental performance in people with chronic lung disease
... COPD and 29 were healthy. The subjects
ranged in age from 56 to 85 years. ...tive performance. The healthy subjects
didn't show cognitive improvement after exercising - most likely because they ha...
Police officers who experience panic during traumatic event have greatest risk of PTSD
... completed by 741 police officers, and 332 control subjects
who had a similar background but were not police officers. Roughly two-thirds of the police surveyed were from the New York Police Department; the others were from police departments in Oakland and San Jose, California. The project identified other...
Researchers find correlation between older adults' use of speech and the ability to gesture
... they speak while gesturing. In a study of 14 aged subjects
without neurological or psychiatric problems (aver...e of 74), researchers reported that the more words subjects
spoke while attempting to pantomime performance of a simple activity, the more likely they were to m...
Alcoholics may be more injury prone than illicit drug users
...ry is common. We found that 24 percent of the 470 subjects
reported at least one instance of injury during the six-month period prior to detoxification. The other key finding is that problems with alcohol, more so than illicit drugs, are associated with injury." Samet added that researchers had originally t...
Training can improve age-related memory decline in elderly
... St. Louis, and his colleagues report that elderly subjects
showed two distinct kinds of cognitive-processing ...oston on February 16. In under-recruitment, older subjects
are less able to spontaneously recruit specific areas of the brain that aid in memory processing. In...
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