Tag: "surveillance" at medical news
HIV testing should be routine part of primary health care for sexually active
...ical Infectious Diseases , is based on a review of surveillance
reports from the CDC and recent research data. Current guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that HIV testing be based on risk assessment. Routine HIV testing is recommended in settings where the prevalence o...
Flu pandemic coming, US not prepared
... Congress should increase CDC's budget for global surveillance
to detect influenza strains with pandemic potential. The U.S. Department of Agriculture should develop a plan for culling poultry or other livestock and compensating farmers in the event of a pandemic, if necessary. Improve coordination, communicati...
HIV-1 spread through six transmission lines in the UK
...doubling time in 2003 than the other five. Current surveillance
data shows a recent increase in infections amongst homosexual men in the UK, which may partly have come through this chain. Dr Deenan Pillay of UCL's Centre for Virology says: "Our study suggests that the HIV-1 subtype B epidemic currently circulatin...
Tumor-targeted immune cells cure prostate cancer in mice without causing systemic immune suppression
...nce in the body that enables cancer cells to evade surveillance
by the body's immune system. The immunosuppressive effect of TGF-beta in cancer progression is well established. After inserting a mutated form of the TGF-beta receptor into CD8+ T cells, Lee and associates transplanted the tumor-specific immune cel...
Steady rise in HIV among heterosexuals in the UK
...e United Kingdom are rising steadily, according to surveillance
figures published online by the BMJ today. However...ing HIV in the United Kingdom. Using national HIV surveillance
reports, scientists at the Health Protection Agency show that 21,115 adults diagnosed with HIV in En...
Study finds drug eluting stents as effective as vascular brachytherapy in preventing restenosis
...y team analyzed the U.S. nationwide post marketing surveillance
registry maintained by Cordis (maker of the Cypher...symptoms and outcomes. Using the Cypher registry surveillance
data and the Emory databank questionnaires, the researchers compared the baseline demographic variab...
Concerns over the future of children's health care in British general practice
...eration based on a points system, but child health surveillance
gets just six points. In contrast, cervical screening can get 22 points, mental health work 41 points, diabetes 99, and heart disease 121. This structure may encourage general practitioners to focus on and develop special interests in adult health a...
Study examines effect of managed care on quality of care for cancer patients
...ality of care in that county, including receipt of surveillance
mammography after cancer diagnosis, receipt of rad...t chemotherapy for stage III colorectal cancer, or surveillance
colonoscopy after treatment for colorectal cancer. However, market share increases were associated w...
A new method for early detection of disease outbreaks
...gues have developed and operated real-time disease surveillance
systems based on electronic records. In an article...ew York City Emergency Department in its syndromic surveillance
system (this system for monitoring outbreaks was established in 1995 to detect outbreaks of waterbor...
Simpler blood thinning medication effective for preventing blood clots and stroke
...will resolve this question. Diligent postmarketing surveillance
is essential to monitor use and to determine the risks associated with this agent, and this may be the best, if not the only, way to deal with this question. It is possible that such data will become available from Europe, but this is unlikely at pre...
US syphilis epidemics not driven by increases in unsafe sex say researchers
... the need to carefully interpret data from routine surveillance
studies, where changes in the rate of new infections may not always be attributable to changes in behaviour or the environment....
More studies on risks and benefits of COX-2 inhibitors published in Archives of Internal Medicine
...from the market. First, the current postmarketing surveillance
system does not work. If the FDA is to continue to...thors add that an improved system of postmarketing surveillance
is needed. "Fortunately, many patients taking coxibs can be switched to other equally effective and ...
The role of ethnicity in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
...tudy, one of three sites in the country performing surveillance
of chronic liver disease. Participants were assigned a diagnosis of "definite" NAFLD if a liver biopsy confirmed the disease, and a diagnosis of "probable" if several other criteria were met, including elevation of liver enzymes, ultrasound or comput...
Children at risk from unexploded military material
...er (14%). The researchers analysed data from the surveillance
database on injuries due to unexploded ordnance and landmines, maintained by the United Nations Mine Action Center for Afghanistan. They point out that in 2000-2, Afghanistan had the highest number of reported casualties due to landmines and unexplod...
Long-term data show benefit of DETROL LA as first-line therapy for overactive bladder
...marized worldwide clinical trial and postmarketing surveillance
data collected during a six-year period, from January 1,1997 to March 2003, in the 100 countries where DETROL LA is approved for use. In 26 clinical studies, DETROL LA was found to significantly reduce OAB symptoms, including frequency, urgency and ...
More than 41 million Americans need colorectal cancer screening
... five years. However, many patients are receiving surveillance
colonoscopies more frequently, therefore reducing ...noscopy resources away from excessive, unnecessary surveillance
examinations could increase the available supply of screening colonoscopy," notes Theodore R. Levin,...
Virtual colonoscopy shows significant promise as colorectal cancer screening option
...eir patients, allow to remain in place and undergo surveillance
rather than immediate removal? How will CT colongraphy screening followed by colonoscopy for patients with polyps impact patient compliance and health-system costs? One of the largest barriers to patient compliance for colorectal cancer screening ...
Examination of possible conflicts of interest to influence look at suspected adverse drug reactions
...eting fee that contributes to postmarketing safety surveillance
efforts." The authors add such a system might also...he context of the current system for postmarketing surveillance
of medications. "However there is indeed a conflict of interest in asking industry to monitor its o...
JAMA editors call for major restructuring of postmarketing surveillance system
...ust be decoupled from the postmarketing safety and surveillance
system. It is unreasonable to expect that the sam...drug safety, specifically to oversee postmarketing surveillance
for drugs and devices." "Above all, the agency must be completely independent of influence from the...
Hopkins Institute for Global Tobacco Control receives elite recognition from PAHO/WHO
...acco use. The IGTC is one of three tobacco control surveillance
and evaluation collaborating centers in the United States, joining the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the University of California, San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. The IGTC will promote researc...
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