Tag: "susceptibility" at medical news

Successful Atherosclerosis Treatment Program

...rosis treatment program would reduce the oxidative susceptibility of LDL from patients with coronary artery disease....nalyzed at baseline and after 3 mo of therapy. The susceptibility of LDL to copper-mediated oxidation was measured by a conjugated diene assay and headspace gas chrom...

UNC Researchers Find Drug-Resistant HIV In Semen

...ract thatcontained mutations known to decrease the susceptibility of that particularvirus strain to the available drugs," Eron explains. Moreover, when men with drug-resistant HIV in blood and semen werefollowed over time, "they continued to acquire higher levels of resistance whilereceiving antiviral thera...

WFU And IntraVec To Develop Innovative Cancer And HIV Treatments

...irus, which multiplies there,resulting in AIDS and susceptibility to a variety of potentially deadlyillnesses. Ordinarily, the HIV binds to the host cell through interaction withchemokine (protein) coreceptor on the surface of the cell. But some people withcertain "defective" genes do not produce the chemok...

Early Dental Exams For Children Can Avert Problems Posed By Bottled Water And "Bottle Caries"

...preventing tooth decay. The result is an increased susceptibility to cavities,said Dr. Weintraub. "Many people mistakenly think that the water coming out of the tap is'poisonous,' " he explained. "In reality, tap water contains a criticalcomponent -- fluoride -- that is necessary for tooth health. New laws now ensu...

Study Reveals Gender Affects Lung-Cancer Development

...ry or body size; it is likely dueto women's higher susceptibility to tobacco carcinogens. "Cancer is the result of a complex multistep process," said Gazdar, associatedirector of the Nancy B. and Jake L. Hamon Center for Therapeutic OncologyResearch. "We are actively trying to develop methods of early detection and...

More Cystic Fibrosis Patients Will Die Waiting For Lung Transplants, Predicts University Of Pittsburgh Study

...ptoms include persistent wheezing and coughing and susceptibility topneumonia as excessive mucus clogs the lungs. CF is characterized by theinability of epithelial cells, those that line the lungs and digestive organs,to secrete sodium and chloride....

Near-Sightedness In Children Linked To Light Exposure During Sleep Before Age Two

... of 2 years actually defines theprecise end of the susceptibility period to nighttime illumination can only beknown from future research. Coauthors on the paper with Stone and Quinn are biostatistician MaureenG. Maguire, PhD, at Penn's Scheie Eye Institute and Chai H. Shin, MD, a clinicalfellow at Children'...

Noninvasive test aims to prevent sudden cardiac death

...ponse to changes in heart rate reveals a patient's susceptibility to arrhythmias. The results also suggest several ways to further improve the accuracy of the test. When Smith was a graduate student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he read that sudden cardiac death was the major challenge facing conte...

False recall in older adults and Alzheimer's linked to attention, not memory, breakdown

... set out to retrieve. The increase in false memory susceptibility among healthy older adults andindividuals with Alzheimer's seems to indicate that the mind is somehowoverwhelmed by the flood of jumbled recollections still pouring in from anactive network of knowledge-based associations. False memories result not f...

Rosenbaum discovers "hidden clue" on cardiogram

...rest in patients. "T-wave alternans is a marker of susceptibility to sudden cardiac death in patients," Rosenbaum says. "Survival studies ofpatients with arrhythmia reveal that 95 percent of patients whose ECGs do not show T-wave alternans are alive after 20months, compared with 18 percent of patients whose ECGs ex...

Vanderbilt University Medical Center designated as one of three Glaxo Wellcome Genetic Epidemiology Centers

...epidemiologist and has insightinto the analysis of susceptibility gene research." The Glaxo Wellcome plan includes: ...currently setting up forprojects on depression and susceptibility to complications from sepsis." Duke's Center for Human Genetics has two projects under way: the Asth...

Stress may increase susceptibility to infectious disease

...ychological stress andtheir susceptibility to several cold viruses. The researchers said that AIDS, however, presents unique obstacles for the study of the effect of stress ondiseases. In most cases, the pathogen responsibl...

New imaging method in development to show Alzheimer's progression

...p AD because ofa family history, the presence of a susceptibility genetic marker, or anepidemiological risk will routinely be imaged" using the new technology, saidPeter T. Lansbury, Ph.D., leader of the Harvard research team. He noted thatthis would allow definitive diagnosis and therapy faster than is now possib...

Stress and social support linked to prostate cancer

...king excessively or eating poorly, thatraise their susceptibility to disease. Other research has shown, however, thatstress, social support and other psychological factors can have more directeffects on the immune system and other physiological systems in the body." The research was supported by an internal grant ...

Genetic engineering changes the behavioral and hormonal response to stress

...elopment of antidepressant drugs. In addition, the susceptibility tostress-induced elevations in plasma corticosterone levels was associated withthe adrenoceptor mutations. The altered adrenoceptor expression was also foundto modify the brain dopamine and serotonin content and neuronal activity markergenes in disti...

Scientists grow heart tissue in Bioreactor

...vidual susceptible to breast cancer, and that susceptibility is likely driven by damage caused by ionizing radiation. Space exploration will involve slightly increased exposures of crew members to radiation, so what we learn from these cells could help help justify methods of female crew selecti...

New NIAMS grant targets osteoporosis in men

... tissue, leading to bone fragility and anincreased susceptibility to fractures--especially of the hip, spine, and wrist. It is the most prevalentof the bone diseases that affect Americans. Men tend to get it about 10 years later in life than women. Thisdifference has been attributed to a higher peak bon...

Abstemious mice offer hint at molecular target for treating alcoholism

...s in the genefor the PKCe enzyme may influence the susceptibility of certain individuals tobecoming alcoholics. However, it's just as likely, they said, that they havesimply identified a mechanism for disrupting normally occurring molecularactivity at the GABA receptor. "It's possible that PKCe's impact on the GAB...

Researchers complete sequence and gene map of human major histocompatibility complex

...onger term, understanding the structure of disease susceptibility genes may lead to more effective treatments of existing disease. In addition to being critical in the marrow transplant process, the MHC has a large number and variety of disease associations, and thus the scope of this advance would have the potent...

Trauma patients need monitoring for infection risk

...or catheterization also increased trauma patients' susceptibility to infection by creating sites of entry for bacteria. "We've seen a lot of progress in recent years in the treatment and survival of trauma patients, but the long recovery time in hospital leaves patients more vulnerable to infection," says Simor....

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(Date:4/14/2014)... orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa may provide insight ... behavior issues in other areas of the world, which ... that could lead to successful interventions. , A ... United Nations mentions that due to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, ... African, children are at an increased risk for mental ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... A new study shows that moderate to severe ... risk of stroke, cancer and death. , Results of ... to severe obstructive sleep apnea were four times more ... times more likely to have a stroke (HR = ... (HR = 3.4), and 2.5 times more likely to ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Dallas study involving serious youth offenders, the answer to one ... seven years: "How long do you think you,ll live?", According ... offending over time., Author Dr. Alex Piquero said the study ... of them offend at very high rates and commit more ... much later in life offend much less., "In a lot ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... with symptoms increasing dramatically during some of the most important ... has found. , Depressive symptoms increased on average by 68 ... young men, who were around 25 years old when they ... their children. The results of the study were published April ... is the first to identify when young fathers are at ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... Lower weight babies and babies who aren,t breastfed ... risk of developing chronic inflammation and related health ... study. , "There were good reasons to hypothesize ... inflammation in adulthood," says Thomas McDade (Northwestern University), ... in the Child & Brain Development program. "It ...
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