Tag: "susceptibility" at medical news

New approach to antibiotic resistance

...es threats from its inherent high toxicity and its susceptibility to chemical modifications that allow bacteria to resist the drug's effects. Bacteria, which create the proteins they need to survive, are constantly evolving and mutating in ways that circumvent the activity of antibiotics. To get around this problem...

Baltimore researchers receive $40 million from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

...s drop steadily over time, increasing the infants' susceptibility to measles. At the same time, low levels of the mother's antibodies neutralize the effectiveness ofthe measles vaccine. For that reason, the WHO recommends that the current measles vaccine be administered when children are at least 9 months old. "We ...

Fine-tuning naltrexone treatment for alcoholics

...amily history of alcoholism and may have a genetic susceptibility for becoming addicted to alcohol. Having a taste of these endogenous opioids is enough to make some people want more of them." Preclinical research has shown that animals treated with an opioid antagonist such as naltrexone decrease voluntary consum...

Bullying at work increases sick leave among employees

...oth causing ill health and consequently increasing susceptibility to bullying....

Virco first to introduce drug-specific biological cut-offs for its HIV resistance tests

...ery little about the significance of any change in susceptibility reported by a test, apart from it being large enou...esistance mutations. The average and the range of susceptibility were calculated for each drug. The cut-offs were then set at two standard deviations above the mean...

Genetics likely to be a major factor in osteoarthritis of the hip

...uals, which suggests a strong genetic influence on susceptibility to the disease, according to research from Nottingham in this week's BMJ. Peter Lanyon and colleagues from Nottingham University contrasted 392 patients with osteoarthritis and 604 of their siblings against a control group of 1,718 other patients. O...

Researchers identify new genetic risk factor for HIV infection

...double-edged sword, substantially increasing one's susceptibility to HIV infection, but subsequently slowing down th...o create genetic profiles that quantify a person's susceptibility to the virus, Dr. Murphy says. Larger genetic variations are also known to affect how one responds ...

More evidence that soy may reduce breast cancer risk

...yond diet also play an important role in a woman's susceptibility to breast cancer. "Japanese living in Japan, for example, are at an extremely low risk of developing breast cancer," says Franke. If they migrate to the United States, he adds, their risk still remains low. But, he points out, "the second generat...

Measles and pertussis risk higher for children with personal exemptions from immunization

...age [age 3 to 10 years], in whom contact rates and susceptibility are higher, these risks were approximately 62-fold and 16-fold greater among exemptors for measles and pertussis, respectively, they continue. The authors measured the impact of children with personal exemptions on community risk. After adjusting fo...

Researchers gain insights on pulmonary fibrosis

...ibrosis will likely be a complex interplay between susceptibility genes and environmental factors, such as inhaled agents or dusts. While the researchers have yet to pinpoint a gene or genes for the disease, they say the key to unlocking the cause or causes will come from sophisticated analysis of large numbers of ...

Restrained and unrestrained eating behaviors affect risk for adult-onset obesity

...in the presence of palatable foods; and hunger, or susceptibility to perceived bodily signals of the need for food. Disinhibition was the only eating behavior that was an independent predictor of weight gain although the interaction between disinhibition and restraint also influenced the amount of weight gained. G...

Folic acid possibly a key factor in Alzheimers disease prevention

...ting folic acid deficiency can increase the brains susceptibility to Parkinsons disease....

Eating breakfast may keep colds & flu at bay

...main findings has been the link between stress and susceptibility to colds. Research released during National Scienc...alcohol, and even eating breakfast, are related to susceptibility to colds. Another area of research has shown that colds and influenza impair performance and change ...

Many obese youth have condition that precedes type 2 diabetes

...abetes during childhood and later in life. Genetic susceptibility as well as lack of physical activity and unhealthy eating patterns all play important roles in determining a child's weight. They also contribute to a child's risk for type 2 diabetes and other complications of overweight.About 16 million people in ...

Excessive weight gain during pregnancy can increase breast cancer risk, study finds

...y may cause changes in breast tissue that increase susceptibility to breast cancer in later liferoughly equivalent to the risk of postmenopausal obesity, said Leena Hilakivi-Clarke, PhD, one of the studys investigators and associate professor of oncology at the Lombardi Cancer Center at Georgetown University Medica...

High-dose interferon beta-1b for multiple sclerosis patients

...versity of Washington, Seattle, USA, discusses how susceptibility to MS often protects against diabetes; however, a genetic profile common in the Sardinian population appears to be responsible for the unlikely alliance between these two autoimmune diseases....

Glutathione depletion in chronic alcohol abuse makes lungs vulnerable to life-threatening diseases

...dant glutathione in the lungs, generating a marked susceptibility to serious lung diseases, according to research at...n the barrier function of lung cells and increased susceptibility to apoptosis, or cell death in the lungs. These abnormal cell changes in the lung caused by chronic...

Researchers show beneficial role of bacterial DNA in fighting inflammatory bowel disease

... believe the disorder is multifactorial, involving susceptibility genes and environmental factors, such as invading viruses or bacteria. The compound used by the research team to treat the experimental colitis in mice was developed a few years ago by Raz and his UCSD team. It is a synthetic form of bacterial DNA c...

Early intercourse and self-esteem linked in adolescent behavior

...n of coitus among girls is associated with greater susceptibility to human papillomavirus infection and other sexually transmitted infection, they determined that more prevention programs aimed at delaying the age of first intercourse are essential. The lead author was Jennifer M. Spencer, Ph.D., who completed...

New hope for treating or avoiding heart failure after cancer drugs

...tion among the patients and a dramatic increase in susceptibility in older patients. They detected a progressive decrease in cardiac function beginning three months or more after the start of chemotherapy. Three years after treatment nearly 60% had experienced a 25% decrease in left ventricular function and within ...

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