Tag: "susceptibility" at medical news

A little stress may go a long way toward boosting skin's immunity

...hat stress weakens the immune system and increases susceptibility to infection, yet the benefits of acute stress make sense from an evolutionary standpoint," he said. "Short-term stress activates protective biological mechanisms that are essential for survival."...

Malnutrition and misery will be 'unimaginable' by 2054

...n population. Rising malnutrition increases human susceptibility to other diseases, such as malaria, diarrhea and AIDS. The prediction of a 12 billion global population by 2054 is based on the current rate of growth with each couple producing an average of 2.9 children. Even if nations' policy changes reduce the ...

Rare disease endemic in South America is model for studying autoimmunity

...e immune response without significantly increasing susceptibility to infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis and herpes, which are pervasive in the rural environment. The test, like the disease itself, will also help scientists dissect disease development and better understand autoimmunity. "When you are doing ...

Stress of losing a child increases risk of MS

...known, but researchers believe that both a genetic susceptibility and environmental factors play a role....

Study will identify best treatment for type 2 diabetes in youth

...overweight-- nearly triple the 1980 rate. Genetic susceptibility as well as lack of physical activity and unhealthy eating patterns all play important roles in determining a child's weight, the risk for type 2 diabetes, and other complications of being overweight. The TODAY trial is one of two NIDDK-funded studi...

Mayo Clinic researchers discover gene mutations that 'ignore' stress, lead to heart failure

...s signals distresses the heart and plays a role in susceptibility to heart failure. This work differs from most research into genetic causes of heart failure which has identified defects in proteins involved in the mechanics of cardiac pumping, not in the communication pathways of stress-management systems. The I...

Environmental and dietary influences on cancer risk

...and accurately estimating the magnitude of genetic susceptibility to HNSCC," said Edward S. Peters, D.M.D., Sc.D., a...st that the ADH3 variant allele is associated with susceptibility to smoking/drinking-related HNSCC," said Peters. ...

Early life exposure to environmental agents predicts adult tumors in animals

...n a tumor suppressor gene and had the same genetic susceptibility to developing fibroids, but exposure to the enviro... breast could change the penetrance of human tumor susceptibility genes such as BRCA1. This could offer a clue as to why some women with inherited BRCA1 mutations dev...

Poorest in India are biggest consumers of tobacco

...al, economic, and geographical aspects of people's susceptibility to consume tobacco, they conclude....

Two-way link between heart disease and autoimmunity

... atherosclerosis to create a new mouse strain with susceptibility to both diseases. These mice had bigger fatty deposits in their blood vessels than the parent mice that were only susceptible to atherosclerosis. So, as in humans, autoimmune disease makes heart disease worse. This ties in with the proposed role of i...

Newborn testing for immune disorders could save lives

... (77 percent) are alive. None show any evidence of susceptibility to opportunistic infections and most are in good general health. The oldest is 22 years of age. All 15 recipients of marrow from perfectly matched donors and 89 of the 121 recipients of T cell-depleted marrow from related donors are among the survivo...

CellCept associated with reduced incidence of cancer, compared to AZA, following heart transplant

...e common in patients receiving 3 g/day. Increased susceptibility to infection and the possible development of lymphoma and other malignancies, particularly of the skin, may result from immunosuppression. Only physicians experienced in immunosuppressive therapy and management of renal, cardiac or hepatic transplan...

Study: Height loss screen ultimately could reduce hip fractures

...oration of bone tissue, fragility and an increased susceptibility to fractures of the hip, spine and wrist. An estimated 30 million American women either have or are at risk for osteoporosis, which is responsible for about 300,000 hip fractures annually. Men account for 25 percent of the hip fractures nationally. K...

HIV transmission is heightened during acute infection

...utely infected individuals, and heightened partner susceptibility or riskier sexual behaviors would all increase the rate, sometimes drastically. Overall, increased infectiousness during acute HIV infection may account for substantially more HIV transmission than previously thought, and refocusing prevention and tr...

Cincinnati children's study links autism and immunologic disorders

...llergic disorder, or if certain genes might confer susceptibility to both autism and immune system disorders....

Caffeine consumption associated with increases in blood pressure in adolescents

...on blood pressure. Alternatively, greater genetic susceptibility to hypertension and/or coexisting 'unhealthful' dietary and lifestyle habits (low fruit, vegetable, and dairy consumption and lack of exercise) among the African American high caffeine users could potentially explain the higher systolic blood pressur...

Increased risk of cardiovascular disease shown in PCOS patients

...ormalities related to PCOS, perhaps due to genetic susceptibility or changes in intrauterine programming of the body functions," note the authors. "Based on our study, particularly obese women with PCOS symptoms seem to be at higher CVD risk."...

American Academy of Neurology sums up scientific highlights from 56th Annual Meeting

... lead to decreased energy regulation and increased susceptibility to cellular stresses and finally PD. [LBS.006] Researchers from London revealed that long-term treatment with GDNF (glial-derived neurotrophic factor) improves PD symptoms and may help remaining brain cells to recover and function better. The GDNF wa...

Parents' heart attack or stroke raises risk in their middle-aged children

... research to identify important genes that lead to susceptibility to heart attack, strokes and other cardiovascular diseases, the researchers said....

Prevalence of chlamydia high among young adults in U.S.

... Chlamydial and gonococcal infections may increase susceptibility to and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in both men and women. Early detection and treatment of these infections is challenging because most women and men with chlamydial infection and many women with gonorrhea are asymptomatic. Althoug...

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(Date:10/30/2014)... day provide new treatments for injuries and damage to ... Cartilage, for example, is a hard material that caps ... smoothly. UC Davis biomedical engineers, exploring ways to toughen ... the body, report new developments this week in the ... . , "The problem with engineered tissue is that ...
(Date:10/30/2014)... , A mathematical model developed by NIH grantees predicts ... to prevent HIV infection via vaginal sex, whereas just ... infection via anal sex. This finding helps explain why ... PrEP, in women failed to show efficacy. Participants in ... of Truvada and tenofovir (another antiretroviral) for HIV prevention ...
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