Tag: "syndrome" at medical news
Yale researchers report on brain activity believed related to sudden infant death syndrome
... thought to play a key role in sudden infant death syndrome
(SIDS) are located near some of the largest arteries in the brain, according to a study by a Yale School of Medicine research team published in this weeks issue of the journal Nature Neuroscience. The senior investigator, George Richerson, M.D., asso...
Early promise of simple test for diagnosing malignant hyperthermia
...he often fatal reaction to general anaesthetics, a syndrome
known as malignant hyperthermia. Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a chain-reaction event triggered in susceptible individuals by commonly used general anesthetics. The signs of MH include a greatly increased body metabolism, muscle rigidity and eventu...
Heartburn surgery helps lung transplant patients
...have a positive effect on bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome
(BOS), a progressive disorder in which tiny airways known as bronchioles become replaced with fibrous scar tissue. BOS is considered to be the main reason why the five-year survival rate for lung transplant patients is only 40 percent. It is little u...
Heart health should be the front line of diabetes care
...thwestern Medical School in Dallas. The metabolic syndrome
is a prediabetic state characterized by abdominal ...e. One-third to one-half of the people with this syndrome
eventually develop diabetes, but metabolic syndrome
can lead to cardiovascular disease even before y...
No association between ageing gametes and birth defects
...rence in the proportion of infants born with Downs syndrome
(0.5% for optimally timed conceptions compared with 0.7% for non-optimally timed conceptions). Joe Leigh Simpson comments: Overall, our findings are reassuring for users of natural family planning, for couples who have intercourse episodically, or fo...
Mayo Clinic researchers find useful test for identifying patients
...nique response among certain patients with long QT syndrome
when epinephrine was infused into their bodies, wh...ntifies a specific response in people with long QT syndrome
1 (LQT1) compared with other genotypes of long QT syndrome. LQT1 affects about 1 in 20,000 people an...
Continued disruption of movement among alcoholics despite abstinence
... author. "These abnormalities include Korsakoff's syndrome
or alcoholic cerebellar degeneration, and are marked by clinically detectable behavioral deficits, for example, compromised ability to remember new information or to maintain postural stability." Sullivan noted that previous research has found that e...
American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for May (second issue)
...ent ofwidespread and fixed airway injury. (OB is a syndrome
of often severe fiber proliferatinginjuries in airways and small pulmonary blood vessels that eventually affects one-half or more oflong-term lung transplantation survivors.) By analyzing 24 specimens collected from 10 lungtransplant recipients, the...
Path from chronic stress to heart disease clarified
...and chemistry known collectively as the metabolic syndrome
produce heart disease. Evidence for this model co...way from [psychological] distress to the metabolic syndrome
was one of the largest pathways from caregiving to [heart disease]. His teams findings suggest bot...
Electrodiagnostic studies the better alternative for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome
...he most accurate tool for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome
(CTS). While other diagnostic tools have been proposed for CTS, the electrodiagnostic tests are the preferred method among experts from these three associations. The latest practice guideline is published in the June 11 issue of Neurology, the scien...
More children at risk of heart disease
...ces as a fifth of children with untreated Kawasaki syndrome
will develop cardiac lesions during the acute phase of their illness, increasing their chances of developing heart problems later on in life." Dr Aziz Sheikh, an NHS R&D National Primary Care Training Fellow, from Imperial College London, at Charing ...
Women with ovary disease may also have high risk for heart disease
...hree-quarters of these women have polycystic ovary syndrome
(PCOS), which is marked by one or more symptoms that include abnormal menstruation, excessive body hair, obesity, and infertility. In the first study of its kind, researchers compared the elasticity of arteries in women with normal ovaries, those wit...
Early statin use refined
...tatins during the early phase of an acute coronary syndrome
if their patients' LDL-cholesterol levels are lower than the 130 mg/dL guidelines," she continued. "Since it appears that there is a relationship between the LDL-cholesterol levels and the outcomes of early statin use, large clinical trials should be...
New screening methods for Down's syndrome questioned
New screening techniques for Down's syndrome
are less effective than previously supposed, despi...'s BMJ. Researchers identified all cases of Down's syndrome
in eight district general hospitals in the Wessex region between 1994 and 1999. During these six yea...
Drug developed at Duke appears effective in treating respiratory failure in newborns
...promote damage, such as adult respiratory distress syndrome
(ARDS), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), sickle cell disease and lung transplantation. Trials are now ongoing at Duke in some of the diseases. "This drug seems to do many good things, but we need larger trials," Stamler continued. "We ar...
New book is road map to help parents 'find' their child who has autism
...children with high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome
through trying times, starting with diagnosis prog... People with high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome
are not as severely affected. A child with high-functioning autism fits the definition of autism bu...
Immune system supressor drug found effective in treating precancerous blood disorder
...in the study were diagnosed with a myelodysplastic syndrome
(MDS), a condition in which the bone marrow slowly...se findings is that there are five subtypes of the syndrome
and that those with the refractory anemia subtype respond best. M. D. Anderson researchers are curr...
American Thoracic Society journal news tips for August (first issue)
... early in the era of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
(AIDS)epidemic (1981 - 1985) when it was 35 percent. Currently, the survival rate is 71 percent. From1992 - 1995, 63 percent of the patients survived to discharge. The improved rate has been especially marked among patients receiving HAART. In th...
Study finds a mouse model for episodic neurological disorders
...rder caused by this mutation is known as tottering syndrome
in mice. The symptoms in tottering mice are simil... disorders have the same triggers as the tottering syndrome
in mice, the researchers hope that their findings will improve understanding of these disorders and ...
Women with PCOS and their siblings with hormone problems have same gene defect
...HICAGO --- Siblings of women with polycystic ovary syndrome
(PCOS) have metabolic and hormonal abnormalities that are linked to the same gene defect that causes PCOS, a disorder associated with irregular periods, infertility, excessive body hair and increased risk for diabetes. These new findings came from t...
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