Tag: "systematic" at medical news

Testing for alcohol problems in the workplace

...ther good reason for workplaces to initiate a more systematic implementa-tion of alcohol screening in connection with routine health examinations. However, identifying employees with elevated and risky levels of alcohol consumption who also have high levels of sickness absence is just a first step. More resea...

Consortium aims to improve protection of human research subjects

...velopment." The CECRE also will develop a systematic framework for determining which research projects require heightened scrutiny. Such projects might involve a vulnerable population, which could be inadvertently misused by researchers -- such as those who are economically disadvantaged or institution...

One in seven prisoners in western countries may need psychiatric treatment

...Danesh from the University of Cambridge, UK, did a systematic review of surveys on such disorders in general prison populations in 12 western countries. 62 surveys included 22,790 prisoners (average age 29 years, 81% men). Around a quarter of prisoners were violent offenders in the 27 surveys with appropriate ...

Low-intensity ultrasound therapy and fracture healing

Jason Busse and colleagues conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the data from randomized controlled trails involving humans that studied the effect of ultrasound therapy on fracture healing. The authors found that of 138 potentially eligible studies, 3 were of good quality an...

Enrol for successful weight loss

...eved their weight loss goals. The study included a systematic review of the literature to identify critical success factors in obesity-specific patient support programmes. These were then incorporated into the Xenical patient support programmes which were monitored worldwide. Patient support programmes offer a ...

Myocarditis plus pulmonary hypertension means transplant sooner

...eart Transplant Service, this study is the largest systematic analysis of hemodynamic data in patients with cardiomyopathy and congestive heart failure. Researchers studied 1,134 patients (455 women and 679 men), average age 48 years, with new cardiomyopathy, which is a general term for serious primary noninfl...

More Americans facing blindness than ever before

...halmic epidemiologists. Data were obtained from a systematic review of the major epidemiological studies with the cooperation of their authors. National data are broken down into state-by-state statistics. These are the most comprehensive data available on the prevalence of eye disease in America, said David...

Surgeons dont offer women choices of treatment as often as they could

...be cautious about stereotyping women and should be systematic in assessing each womans preference for participation in decision-making. Also, this research proved how vital it is for the women to receive adequate information for making a choice of treatment, and how important it is that women are followed up to...

Modest survival benefit from chemotherapy for patients with glioma brain tumours

...om the MRC Clinical Trials Unit, London, UK, did a systematic review and meta-analysis using updated data on individual patients from all available randomised trials that compared radiotherapy alone with radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy. Data on around 3000 patients from 12 randomised controlled trials w...

First multimedia resource to give patients their own voice

...llness. DIPEx provide health professionals with a systematic analysis of patients experiences that should improve communication and lead to shared decision-making." Future plans will also include reaching out to disadvantaged groups and ethnic minority communities, and the organisers believe that making DIPEx ...

Cedars-sinai surgery dept. implements innovative surgical training tool to reduce medical errors

... he said. In Cedars-Sinais conferences, we take a systematic look at three different surgical complications, summarize the points, set them in print, and distribute them to residents and participating attending staff as study guides on which they will be tested. Dr. Gordon offered a hypothetical example of a 1...

Depressed brains get better on placebo!

... term effect," says Dr. Mayberg. As shown in other systematic studies of maintenance placebo versus active drug treatment, placebo patients tend to relapse sooner while those on active drug stay well longer. In this study, all patients were put on active drug at the end of the six-week experiment -- so it is no...

Pentoxifylline beneficial for treating leg ulcers

Results of a systematic review in this weeks issue of THE LANCET suggest t...rom the University of Auckland, New Zealand, did a systematic review of randomised controlled trials that compared pentoxifylline (a drug which improves blood cir...

Faster detection of bacteria in water, food

...ne thousands." The technology will allow accurate, systematic comparison of bacteria across the world. Since the database will be computerized and updated, the identity card will enable the user to access all the information about the specific strain. In addition to water, food and medical uses, Dr. Kashis meth...

Cost-effectiveness assessments important for HIV response in Africa

A systematic review in this weeks issue of THE LANCET highlights the importance of cost-effectiveness evaluation to identify realistic intervention programmes to tackle HIV/AIDS in Africa. HIV/AIDS accounts for around 20% of all deaths in Africa. The cost-effec...

USPSTF urges primary care doctors to screen all adults for depression

...ew recommendations and a background article with a systematic review of the evidence are published in the May 21, 2002, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. These recommendations are a change from the 1996 USPSTF recommendations that found insufficient evidence to recommend for or against regular formal scree...

Meta-analysis of zinc supplementation shows positive growth effects for infants and children

...atus of the study subjects. In order to provide a systematic qualitative review of findings regarding the efficacy of zinc supplementation, Brown et al. consolidated results from multiple studies from countries around the world in a meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. They f...

International study of children and adolescents reveals major trend toward overweight and obesity

...les. At present, very few countries have taken a systematic approach to aggressively address the critical health challenge posed by increasing childhood overweight. The authors suggest that countries that continue to focus their feeding programs and interventions on undernutrition may actually increase the i...

Profit vs. non-profit health care

..., for-profit health care delivery in Canada with a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing mortality rates in private for-profit and private not-for-profit hospitals in the United States. The authors reviewed and analyzed 15 observational studies involving more than 26 000 hospitals and 38 mill...

U.S. for-profit hospitals show higher mortality rates than non-profits, analysis shows

...with private for-profit health-care delivery. Our systematic review raises concerns about the potential negative health outcomes associated with for-profit hospitals. "Canadian policy makers, the stakeholders who influence them and the public, whose health will be affected by their decisions, should take thi...

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