Tag: "task" at medical news
Exercise sharpens focus, decision-making among aging adults
...behavioral conflict in completing a computer-based task
by 11 percent from pre-exercise levels, while the control subjects who performed stretching and toning activities achieved a statistically insignificant decrease of 2 percent. Previously, Kramer and colleagues had documented that aging adults do bett...
Stressed at work? How taking a coffee break might make things worse
...n performance were likely to depend on the type of task
and whether participants were working alone or in teams. For example, when working on mental arithmetic alone and under time pressure, caffeine might help, but when working on a collaborative task, it might undermine people's ability to get along wi...
National Inventors Hall of Fame announces 2004 class of inventors
...ly forced to endure the dangerous and backbreaking task
of boiling sugar cane in open cauldrons. His process elevated the U.S. from a minor role in the sugar industry to a major producer. John Roebling (1806-1869) Suspension Bridge The age of the suspension bridge was ushered in by engineer and invent...
Two new sets of guidelines intended to improve patient safety
...erican College of Critical Care Medicine created a task
force to review and revise their current educational guidelines for critical care medicine. The task
force consisted of members from across the specialties to ensure the resultant guidelines would be b...
Researcher 'horrified' by physical stress put on X-ray technologists
...eck pain. He believes the pain is due to excessive task
demands--heavy lifting during manipulation of patients and equipment. "I was horrified to see the kind of physical stress X-ray technologists go through," Kumar said. "They have the same physical stress level that heavy labourers have, but most heav...
'Science' showcases research on forgetting
...reness of the second word. Subjects performed this task
while being scanned in a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) machine that produces images of brain tissue and function. From these images, researchers can determine which parts of the brain are in use for different tasks. After this phase wa...
Electrical stimulation in patients with paralysis and spinal cord injury
...shed the reliability and responsiveness of a novel task
for assessing upper-limb motor control in adults w...s) and eleven controls performed an elbow tracking task
involving bending and reaching against a low-resistance isotonic load. Both arms (paretic and nonpar...
fMRI depicts multisensory dysfunction in people with dyslexia
...d three matching tasks--an auditory task, a visual task
and a multisensory task--consisting of consonant-v...esearchers found that during the auditory matching task
the dyslexic readers showed increased activity in the visual pathway of the brain, while that same r...
Brain's 'daydream' network offers detection for Alzheimer's diagnosis
...s that are active when the brain has no particular task
at hand, regions that are focal points for a basel...tained an above-baseline activation throughout the task
period." The study also identified a number of other significant differences in the timing and magni...
Interracial interactions are cognitively demanding
...they were asked to complete an unrelated cognitive task
in which they had to inhibit instinctual responses... interracial contact temporarily impairs cognitive task
performance. These results suggest, according to the researchers, that harboring racial bias in an ...
Study finds subtle brain damage in some HIV patients on drug therapy
...udyparticipants: Recording of brainwaves during task
performance. Researchers recorded subjects' contin...ed the magnitude of brainwaves during the computer task
performance test, she found that while CNV activity among HIV-negative participants surged shortly a...
Implanted stimulator for Parkinson's disease impairs cognitive function
... to keep track of either one or two dots. When the task
involved remembering the location of more than one dot, subjects performed better when their stimulators were off. In a second task, subjects were required to press a button when a letter appeared on a computer screen and not to push the button when ...
Repetitive work tasks linked to bone damage
...in rats such as decreased movement performance and task
avoidance. "These behaviors increased according to the rate of repetition. The higher the repetition, the more severe the symptoms," said Barr. While the researchers were not surprised by the nature of the tissue damage or the resulting behaviors, t...
Sound helps augment poor vision for some tasks
... parts of the brain are activated during the study task
in hopes of learning more about how the different senses work together....
Exercise has a more powerful impact on the brain than previously thought
...ays Cotman. When all the groups were tested with a task
that is used to assess levels of depression, the o...t, they performed as good as or even better at the task
than the youngest animals. "This is an exciting result," says Cotman. "Translated into human terms, ...
First international conference on women and blindness
...ision experts throughout the US to form a national task
force to begin a battle against eye disease in women. The extent of the problem of blindness in women had became clear with the publishing of a meta analysis of more than 70 epidemiological studies on blindness conducted over the past 20 years, whic...
Scientists identify novel enzyme with key role in leukemia protein's normal function
...ithout the newly discovered Taspase1 enzyme, whose task
is to cut the full MLL protein into two smaller, active pieces. If HOX genes are revved up too high, blood cells are overproduced, and the patient develops leukemia. The Dana-Farber scientists say that enzymes such as Taspase1 can make good targets f...
Improving the quality of life for larynx cancer patients
...rer in Biomaterials at Cardiff Dental School. "The task
of the UK partners is to develop silicone rubber materials which are less susceptible to biofilm formation." The project has already developed coatings that slow down or prevent biofilm adhesion that could extend the life of a shunt valve for some pa...
Adolescent binge drinking produces tolerance to alcohol
...th alcohol, 34 with saline) were trained on a maze task
on nontreatment days and, after completing pretreatment and training, were tested after an alcohol challenge (1.0, 1.5 or 2.0 g/kg) or saline. Tests for experiments II, III and IV were repeated in the same animals following 12 alcohol-free days. "Th...
Data mining gains ground in key sectors
...take weeks or even months of analysis by a trained task
force of statisticians, in-house or hired, which inevitably commands a high price. "As 80 percent of all customer data is unstructured including such random but potentially relevant information contained in e-mails, letters, and scribbled notes suc...
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