Tag: "tasks" at medical news

A Helping Hand Could Save An Ailing Heart

...needed from family and friends in performing daily tasks such as bathing ortaking medications. Researchers Steven Woloshin, MD, and colleagues at the White RiverJunction (VT) Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the University of Manitoba,Winnipeg, found that "inadequate tangible support was a signi...

Rats Receiving Ginkgo Biloba Learn Quicker, Live 20 Percent Longer Than Controls, UB Study Finds

...'s earlier research with rats showed that a set of tasks performed in an apparatus called the radial maze c...xtract. Over several weeks, the animals performed tasks in the radial maze that required them to master new challenges and retain learned information over t...

Personality, Thought To Be Stable Over Time, Changes In Healthy People Who Take A Widely Used Anti-Depressant

...engaging andcooperative behavior in puzzle-solving tasks with a partner than they did at thebeginning of the study. In comparison, a matching group of study volunteers who took only an inactiveplacebo pill did not change by these measures. "Personality, a set of traits and attributes that characterize ind...

PITT Researchers Demonstrate Human Brain's Natural Mechanism For Guarding Against Errors

... Carter. "This is called executive control. Some tasks areroutine and don't require much executive control, while others require a lot ofcontrol. Under these circumstances, response competition may occur and the ACCacts as an alarm telling the rest of the brain to exert more executive controlso performa...

Acoustic Surgery

... demonstrating that ultrasound can performsurgical tasks such as break up tumors, remove unwanted tissue, and stopinternal bleeding. Naren Sanghvi of Focus Surgery, Inc. in Indianapolis(317-541-1580) will discuss a technique for using ultrasound to remove diseasedprostate tissue (Paper 2pBV6). Larry Crum...

Epilepsy Drugs Useful To Treat Alzheimer's, Studies Find

...they become confused and disoriented, and ordinary tasks becomeimpossible. Nine out of 10 patients have significant behavioralproblems at some point, says Tariot, professor of psychiatry andneurology and director of the University's Program inNeurobehavioral Therapeutics at Monroe Community Hospital. There...

Study Captures Images Of Memories Being Formed Within The Human Brain

...st whether participants aremore likely to remember tasks that require a deeper, more meaningful level ofcon...cts were asked to repeat a string of similar short tasks so thatdata could be collected over a longer period. In 1996, when Buckner was at theHarvard Medica...

An Ergonomically Redesigned Analgesia Delivery Device Proves Safer And More Efficient

...lowing professional nurses to complete programming tasks faster with fewer programming errors and with less...r. Each subject completed a total of 6 programming tasks with each interface. The order of training and order in which subjects received the programming task...

Research Into Virtual Environments

...elligent tools that enablehumans to easily perform tasks and activities in virtual and real environments. "When we use the standard work station on our desks we move the mouse and welook at the monitor and I call that a remote manipulation task. Vision isindirect because you're looking at the monitor, not ...

New U-M Analysis Of Brain At Work

...ulation of the stored information." Verbal storage tasks activate left-hemisphere speech areas, Smith and Jonidesfound, while spatial storage tasks activate specific areas of the right cortex,and storage of information about objects, such as smilin...

The Whole Truth From Five-Year-Olds

...en perform betteron an identification task than on tasks thatinvolve defining words or explaining thedifference between concepts, but we were reallysurprised by how much better they did," saysSaywitz, an associate professor of psychiatry atUCLA. Lyon and Saywitz credit their unique backgroundsfor their str...

NICHD-Funded Researchers Show Estrogen Effects On Brain After Menopause

...s for the tests (within the 90 percentrange). The tasks were designed to be relatively easy and not effortful. As aresult, Dr. Shaywitz speculated that the test may not have been difficult enoughto identify differences between the two groups of women. She added that fMRI ishighly sensitive and may be ab...

Nonintrusive Imaging Technique Useful For Identifying Language Regions In Kids' Brains

...dren to focus appropriately orperform the language tasks well might have hampered the detection oflateralization. Previous studies with the Wada test and other imaging methods had drawn similarconclusions about language activity in children's brains. But the images werecreated after data were pooled and a...

UI Study Suggests Promising Treatment For Diabetic Pregnancies

...th diabetes must deal with the costly anddifficult tasks of checking their glucose levels and taking insulin severaltimes daily in an effort to ensure their babies are born without birth defects.However, there may be a better way of handling the blood glucose conditionduring pregnancies, according to resul...

Multitasking Behaviors Mapped To The Prefrontal Cortex

...y from a main task in order to explore alternative tasks beforereturning to the main task at the departed p... correct. The FPPC wasactivated only during those tasks that involved an interaction between workingmemory and attentional focus decisions. The FPPC is the ...

Sex Differences Found In Proportions Of Gray And White Matter In The Brain: Links To Differences In Cognitive Performance Seen

... "When we looked at the top performers for spatial tasks in our study -those performing better than one sta...echniques. Cognitiveperformance was measured using tasks designed to examine different types ofintellectual ability. An example of a spatial task given to th...

Stimulating growth hormone production in older adults can reduce body fat and increase hormone levels

...to more falls and increased difficulty coping with tasks of independentdaily living. Hormones or other agents that promote muscle strength and energycould help seniors remain independent longer. In this blinded study, participants gave themselves injections ofsynthetic GHRH or a placebo (inactive s...

Brain region used in face recognition is active in new object recognition

...ce recognition is one of the most difficult visual tasks humansperform, because faces are so similar," Tarr said. "Once you understand the mechanisms responsible forface recognition you can work with brain-injured people who have a deficit in that area. The realquestion now is how this re...

Narcolepsy network issues national 'wake up' call

...tomatic behavior" - performing familiar or routine tasks without fullawareness or memory of doing it "The impact of narcolepsy on a person's life can be devastating, but thedisorder can often be sufficiently managed with a combination of appropriatemedication and lifestyle changes," said Dr. Michael Thor...

Walking markedly improves mental abilities of those over 60

...redistractions when completing a variety of mental tasks on a computer. "The nice result of our study is th...d ignore irrelevant cues and successfully complete tasks thanwere those who had done only toning exercises. Processing relevant information and discarding di...

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