Tag: "tasks" at medical news
Remembering stressful events may lead to later heart disease
...e task. In contrast, thinking back to the physical tasks
did not raise subjects' blood pressure. The second study included 20 students and assessed how they recovered from an emotional task when left alone compared with their blood pressure recovery when they had another task to distract them. That study s...
Drug beats sleep?
... them stay alert and capable of performing complex tasks
for almost two days without sleep. Other studies have shown the drug seems to help patients with multiple sclerosis cope with fatigue. Ongoing trials are now looking at the drug's effect on tired truck drivers, medical staff and soldiers. That the dr...
Animal studies prove hormone replacement therapy improves memory, report Pitt researchers
...d with subsequent ERT outperformed rats on various tasks
without ERT. The ability of estrogen to enhance performance was lost in animals that had specific cholinergic neurons removed. "This tells us that the cholinergic neurons are necessary for estrogen to enhance performance in this model," explained Dr....
Aging lowers activity in brain's language areas; performance unaffected
...., "boat" and "ship." Brain activity during these tasks
was compared with brain activity during a baseline...asuring signals while the individual performed the tasks
in a 1.5 Tesla magnetic resonance scanner. The signals, which are a measure of changes in blood oxyg...
Brains of elderly can compensate to remain sharp, study indicates
...h has shown that in young people certain cognitive tasks
are carried out by the right frontal cortex, but older people tend to lose that asymmetry of processing. They tend to show more bilateral activity of the two brain hemispheres during such tasks. Neuroscientists have proposed two divergent theories t...
Pre-term infants slower than full-terms at processing information
...rican Psychological Association (APA). Many of the tasks
thought to depend on processing speed are the same ones in which many pre-term infants perform poorly when older, including measures of intelligence, language and academic achievement, such as reading, arithmetic and spelling. Among pre-terms, slowe...
Training improves cognitive abilities of older adults
...to see how training ultimately might be applied to tasks
that older people do everyday, such as using medic...se in small laboratory studies and were related to tasks
of daily living such as telephone use, shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, transporta...
Making therapeutic kitchens more like home aids Alzheimer's patients
... signs of dementia is forgetting how to do routine tasks
such as cooking and dressing. "The more a person can be in a familiar place, the calmer they are and the better the quality of life they will have," Everitt said. For their study, Marsden and his colleagues conducted site visits to four nursing hom...
Depletion of body chemical can cause memory, mood changes
...on focused attention tasks, concentrated listening tasks
measuring the speed of memory retrieval. The results also showed that tryptophan depletion induced m...
Benefits of treating behavioral, functional problems caused by Alzheimers disease
...ioral problems and the ability to perform everyday tasks
in patients with Alzheimers disease, according to a study led by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC) and UCSF. The study, an analysis of data from multiple small studies, appears in the January 8, 2003 issue of the Journal of ...
NIH to host symposium: Medicine in the media
... offering new tools to assist you in the important tasks
of evaluating research findings, selecting stories that have meaningful information for your target audience, and putting that information in the appropriate context. Prominent experts in medical research and medical journalism will work with you i...
Emory scientists present alternative for surgical biventricular resynchronization
...o previously had limited ability to perform common tasks
to resume a more normal daily routine. Some patients who were waiting for heart transplants have been taken off the transplant list due to their improvement. " However, although the device can be successfully placed this way in most patients, tech...
Alcohol-damaged brains 'recruit' new brain regions to perform simple tasks
...ol-dependent patients performed the finger-tapping tasks
significantly slower than the control group. Howe...mance inefficiency for that particular task, other tasks
that need to be done simultaneously, and more complex divided-attention tasks, such as driving." Inc...
Schizophrenia could cause patients to forget their medication
...tients with schizophrenia would have problems with tasks
requiring prospective memory. They might mistake remembering they have to do something with remembering they've actually done it. Their hypothesis stemmed from the theory that people with schizophrenia confuse real and imagined events. To test their ...
SHRS researcher receives NIH grant to study communication deficits in stroke patients
...s with RHD will be asked to complete comprehension tasks
and their results will be compared to the results of adults who have not had strokes. The data will be evaluated to determine what type of comprehension deficit the RHD patients experience and to test Tompkins' theory against two alternative theories...
Video game used for study of human navigation
...ure of cellular responses while subjects performed tasks
on the computer, researchers compared activity rates related to subject location in the virtual town (place), the object they viewed (view), and their goal. ...
Alcohol may compound its damaging effects through frontocerebellar circuitry
...hings in order, working memory, and doing multiple tasks
at once - have been linked to lesions of the prefr...ng things in order, working memory, doing multiple tasks
at once) and balance (the ability to walk a straight line or stand on one foot, especially with eyes...
Tai chi chih boosts shingles immunity in older adults
...mong those who had the most problems with everyday tasks
like walking and climbing stairs at the beginning of the study.. Among those participants, tai chi chih's benefits were "comparable or exceeded that reported for hip replacement surgery or for heart valve replacement in older adults," say the resear...
'Shaping' technique found effective and efficient in stroke rehab
...ned individually to perform increasingly difficult tasks
with their affected arm, and then are rewarded for improvement. Tasks involved everyday activities, such as pressing a light switch, moving a chair and pulling up socks. Patients received encouragement from clinical staff as a reward after completing...
High blood pressure is a factor in some 'senior moments'
...d activity in the brain regions involved in memory tasks
-- anterior and posterior watershed areas, the posterior parietal, prefrontal thalamic, and amygdala/hippocampal areas. The scans showed that "blood flow wasn't as rapidly or fully available among people with high blood pressure as it was in the no...
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