Tag: "temp" at medical news

US attempting to flout ethical practice for patient trials abroad

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed that observing a widely accepted code of medical ethics that protects patients who take part in trials is not necessary for studies conducted abroad, states a comment in this week's issue of THE LANCET....... The 2000 Declaration of Helsinki, produced by 82 national medical associations, states that: "At the conclusion of the study, every pat...

Storage time and temperature effects nutrients in spinach

That seven-day-old bag of spinach in your refrigerator may not make you as strong as your grandma told you, because, according to Penn State food scientists, spinach stored for a long time loses much of its nutrient content. ... Luke LaBorde, associate professor of food science, and Srilatha Pandrangi, graduate student, both at Penn State, found that spinach stored at 39 degrees Fahrenheit loses...

Alcohol intervention attempted for violent males

Baltimore, MarylandSerious facial and dental injuries often go hand-in-hand with heavy alcohol consumption and violent behavior, especially by teenage boys and young men. ......A group of dental researchers from the University of Wales (Cardiff, UK) conducted a randomized trial of a brief psychological intervention for males with maxillofacial injury, to evaluate the effectiveness of the interven...

Current daily smoking may be associated with increased risk for suicidal thoughts and attempts

CHICAGO Suicidal thoughts or attempts are associated with daily smoking in current smokers, but not former smokers, according to an article in Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ... ..."A link between cigarette smoking and suicide has been reported in epidemiological investigations since the 1970s," according to background information in the article. However, the...

Increased attempts to quit smoking follow introduction of over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapies

......Savannah, GA, Feb. 20, 2002Since nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) became available as a nonprescription treatment to help Americans stop smoking, the number of adults attempting to quit smoking significantly increased to nearly 40 percent, according to a study of U.S. census data scheduled for presentation on Friday at the Eighth Annual Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco in Sav...

'Temp doctors' choose career for flexibility, easier lifestyle

But the use of temporary staff doctors appears to be a growing trend, and a new study suggests many doctors are choosing short-term assignments because they don't want to work full-time or because they are seeking a more flexible schedule....... "The most striking finding was this emphasis on a more controllable work schedule and flexibility, especially among women physicians," said Angelo Alonzo...

Temporary weight gain over the winter holidays... might be a good thing

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- We are admonished not to gain weight during winter's two big eating holidays -- but might a little temporary fat actually strengthen our immune systems?...... Indiana University Bloomington assistant professor and biologist Gregory Demas is studying the relationship between fat reserves and immune function in animal models....... So far, Demas has found that sudden weight los...

Loyola warns lower temps mean greater risk of fire from space heaters

... ... .........MAYWOOD, Ill. The Burn Center at Loyola University Medical Center is warning the public about the dangers of space heaters and other electrical appliances used to keep warm during winter cold snaps. ... ...The tips are available to the public in English and Spanish on Loyola...

Researchers induce temporary blindness to learn more about vision

Temporary rapidly induced blindness has provided evidence that an older, primitive part of the brain plays a role in processing visual information unconsciously.... ...This finding by researchers at Houston's Rice University was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences online this week ( ).... ... For the study, six volunteers with normal vision underwen...

Childhood vaccination coverage affected by temporary suspension of hepatitis B vaccine

A temporary suspension of the initial dose of hepatitis B vaccine appears to have contributed to fewer newborns being vaccinated for hepatitis B in 2000 than in 1998, according to a study published in the May 19 issue of (JAMA)....... In 1991, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended that all children receive 3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine by 19 months of age, part of...

Co-occurring disorders increase risk of suicide attempt by adolescents

Research has shown that adolescents with substance use disorders are most likely to attempt suicide when they also have a co-occurring mood disorder. NIDA-funded scientists at the University of Pittsburgh have extended this research and found that generally, both male and female substance abusers who attempt suicide begin taking drugs at an early age and have more symptoms of psychiatric and subs...

Surgery for treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy varies among ethnic groups

SAN FRANCISCO African Americans are less than half as likely as non-Hispanic whites to undergo surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 56th Annual Meeting in San Francisco, Calif., April 24 - May 1, 2004.... ...The difference in surgery rates is independent of other demographic, socioeconomic, and clinical variables, i...

Lower temperatures improve outcomes after bypass surgery

HONOLULU -- Duke University Medical Center researchers are urging their colleagues in the field to spend an extra 10 to 15 minutes slowly rewarming their patients after cardiac bypass surgery, which they have found reduces the likelihood of cognitive decline after surgery. In a new study, they present data from Duke as an example of an institution that was able to change long-standing practice, i...

Temperature and humidity can affect LASIK surgery results

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. Humidity and temperature levels can affect LASIK surgery results, increasing the number of people who need follow-up procedures, report researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center....... "This is the first study to show that environmental factors can affect LASIK outcomes," said Keith Walter, M.D., assistant professor of ophthalmology. "For best results, ph...

Study gives lowdown on high-temperature superconductivity

A new study by theoretical physicists at the University of Toronto and the University of California at Los Angeles (ULCA) could bring scientists one step closer to the dream of a superconductor that functions at room temperature, rather than the frigid temperatures more commonly found in deep space.... ...The findings, which appear in the March 4 issue of the journal Nature, identify three fa...

Comfort-food cravings may be body's attempt to put brake on chronic stress

UCSF researchers have identified a biochemical feedback system in rats that could explain why some people crave comfort foods - such as chocolate chip cookies and greasy cheeseburgers - when they are chronically stressed, and why such people are apt to gain weight in the abdomen.... ...The finding, to be published this week on-line in the Early Edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sc...

9/11 boosted trust in government, temporary distress, research shows

(Embargoed) CHAPEL HILL -- Analyses of responses given by thousands of young U.S. adults interviewed shortly after the horrific events of Sept. 11, 2001, showed surges both in sadness and in trust in government when compared with responses to interviews conducted shortly before the disasters. As expected, the closer respondents were to the crash sites, the more powerfully they were affected.... ....

Suicide risk persists many years after attempted suicide

The risk of suicide for people with a history of attempted suicide or deliberate self harm (parasuicide) persists without decline for two decades, finds a study in this week's BMJ. Providing a high standard of care to these patients could help to reduce this rate....... Researchers traced 140 patients 22 years after they presented to a central London teaching hospital after an episode of parasuic...

Ear thermometry not reliable for precise measurement of infants body temperature

......Infrared ear thermometry is frequently used in childrenthis is a quick method of taking temperature, and the ear is easily accessible. Rosalind Smyth and colleagues from the University of Liverpool, UK, evaluated the agreement between temperature measured at the rectum and ear in children. ......31 comparisons (which included data...

Suicide attempt rate high among urban gay men, UCSF study finds

UCSF researchers have found that twelve percent of urban gay and bisexual men have attempted suicide in their lifetime, a rate three times higher than the overall rate for American adult males....... "These rates are staggering, and highlight the cost of pervasive anti-gay stigmatization and victimization," said Jay Paul, PhD, a specialist at UCSF's Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) and l...

Temple and Fox Chase developing interactive program to assist prostate cancer patients

... ... ...... When a man is first diagnosed with prostate cancer, the initial visit to the doctor becomes a blur. Complex decisions about treatment now face the patient, yet formulating adequate questions is often difficult. Further clouding the picture is the tendancy of some physicians to only recommend treatment options in which they specialize.... ... To empower patients facing these dif...

Study explores the effect of temperature on mortality

The relationship between extreme temperature and mortality in the United States varies by location, according to a study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Excessive heat is more likely to increase mortality risk in the North, while excessive cold is more likely to increase mortality risk in the South. The study appears in the January 1, 2001 issue of the Ame...

'Stomach pacemaker' in use at Temple

. . . PHILADELPHIA -- Doctors at Temple University Hospital are using an implantable "stomach pacemaker" that applies small electrical pulses to the stomach to provide relief for people suffering from severe, chronic nausea and vomiting associated with gastroparesis. . Gastroparesis is a stomach disorder in which food moves through the stomach more slowly than normal. This can result in severe...

UF study shows contemporary method accurately predicts cancer risk

.GAINESVILLE.---A simple method that packs the diagnostic power of the Pap smear and the ease of a blood draw accurately predicts breast cancer risk in women with suspicious lumps or lesions, a University of Florida pathologist reported today (11/3) at the American Society of Cytopathology meeting in Sacramento, Calif. . .The test, fine needle aspiration biopsy, is an increasingly popular method...

From Houses Of Mercy To Temples Of Surgical Precision -- A New Book Explores The History Of Hospitals

.Hospitalitas, the Latin root for our word hospital, implies a relationship, a.sharing between the visitor and caregiver. In his new book, Mending Bodies,.Saving Souls, medically trained historian Guenter B. Risse traces the evolution.of hospitals from their early mission as humble houses of mercy to today's role.of some as arenas of nearly miraculous technical feats. Throughout the book.Risse s...

Artery Temperatures Identify Hot Spots On Plaque That May Rupture And Trigger Heart Attack

.DALLAS, April 20 -- Thermography, which measures the temperature of the blood.vessels, may hold potential as a new tool to identify individuals at risk for an.impending heart attack, according to a report in today's Circulation: Journal of.the American Heart Association.. .In the study, scientists measured the temperature at selected sites on the.interior lining of the coronary arteries of 90 p...

Temples Virtual Lab Helps Disabled Students

Temple Engineering Professor's Virtual Electrical Laboratory Lends A Helping...Hand To Students With Disabilities ... ......Engineers and scientists spend countless hours learning in the classroom and...poring over academic journals, but nothing compares to the training they receive...in the laboratory. Hands-on education allows them to experience the backbone of...engineering and science--condu...

Duke Study Uses Tiny Temperature Changes To Probe Water-Exclusion At Protein Binding Sites

SAN FRANCISCO -- In research that could lead to better drug design,.a Duke University bioorganic chemist is exploiting the differences between.two forms of water to probe how proteins' shapes control the way they bind.with other molecules. . Such binding reactions, which occur constantly in watery solutions within.our bodies, require removing much of the water in and around the protein...
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