Tag: "tests" at medical news
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists releases latest findings at Annual Meeting
...sexually transmitted diseases in animals. In vitro tests
suggests this new antimicrobial-contraceptive agent does not allow the transmission of the herpes simplex virus, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), chlamydia trachomatis or the virus that causes cervical cancer. Anti-Nausea Remedy for Cancer Patien...
Gene variant increases heart disease risk, even when cholesterol is normal
...acks. "Our goal is to provide doctors with blood tests
or markers that will enable them to predict and treat heart disease earlier. Since we cannot change the genes, individuals with apoE-4 may require earlier treatment," he says. "But we cannot consider our data conclusive at this point. It needs to b...
Housework questionnaire may more accurately reflect activity limitations related to heart disease in women
...how heart disease limits physical activity is with tests
of functional ability," she says. "The gold stand...em, which presents problems in testing. Treadmill tests
are also expensive and require the patient to come to the hospital," says Kimble. "Practical tools ...
Staying involved helps breast cancer survivors
... deciding about bone scans, chest x-rays, or blood tests
improves the quality of life of survivors for many...rned. There is no evidence to indicate that these tests
improve post-cancer survival rates. Leading cancer experts recommend mammography and clinical breas...
New treadmill 'scores' may help physicians better diagnose heart disease
...art Association Scientific Sessions. Treadmill tests
have been used for decades to help diagnose athero... by an angiogram. The results of the treadmill tests
and clinical data -- but not the angiogram -- were sent to a total of 142 physicians, including 44 "...
90 high schools will participate in UNC-CH head injury study
...rresearch team." "Some of the assessments involve tests
of thinking ability, memory and concentration," Guskiewiczsaid. "Others involve tests
of how well athletes maintain their posture and balance while standing onone foot on a device called...
Drug combination shows potent punch against HIV in children
...rus was considered to be at undetectable levels if tests
that detect as few as 50 copies of virus particles in each milliliter of blood were negative. Before the study, the children had more than 400 particles per milliliter, enough to cause signs such as failure to thrive and an enlarged liver. Children w...
UM researchers discover 'key' to blood-brain barrier
...e brain tissue. Next, they compared the results to tests
on tissue samples from the intestines. "We've known about the blood-brain barrier for more than 100 years, but we've never been able to figure out how it worked. Now we have a new piece to the puzzle," says Dr. Fasano. "The identification of th...
Oregon Health Sciences University Researchers track long-term results of chemotherapy assisted by blood-brain barrier disruption
...aminations, patients underwent neurophsychological tests
to measure various mental functions, including attention, concentration, motor skills, and immediate and delayed memory recall. Based on these tests, a total of 36 patients demonstrated no cognitive loss or impairment caused by their chemotherapy tre...
Black breast cancer patients given appropriate treatment do as well as whites, finds University of Pittsburgh researcher
...ent post-surgical radiation therapy and diagnostic tests
used to choose appropriate therapy. "Certain aspects of care differed according to factors such as age and race, with older and black patients less frequently receiving treatment in accordance with recommended guidelines," said Dr. Dignam. When t...
Genetic test for melanoma developed at UCSF
... to do technically," he said. The chromosomal tests
should also help when a melanoma is discovered, by showing where the cancer stops and the normal cells begin. This will enable dermatologists to cut out only the cancerous cells and leave behind the healthy ones, LeBoit said....
Computer crash simulations accurately predict injuries to children in auto crashes, say researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
...sed sooner," said Dr. Menon. Currently, sled tests
and crash tests
are done to test the safety of vehicles. These methods are costly, and the expense of testing has li...
Hospital stays of three days for uncomplicated heart attack
...major reorientation, such as having key diagnostic tests
performed on weekends." So despite its tremendous societal costs and relatively small clinical benefit, for now the fourth hospital day may remain standard for uncomplicated heart attack patients. "It looks like that extra day doesn't buy us a ...
Enbrel shown safe, effective in children and teenagers with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
... ability to perform daily functions and laboratory tests
were dramatically improved. The drug was well tolerated. The trial was coordinated at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) Multipurpose Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases Center at the Childre...
New tools for early cancer detection
...ckly and accurately screen cells for cancer. Their tests
on normal and cancerous cells show that only a few hundred cells -- equal to about a billionth of a liter -- are needed to detect abnormal growths. Using the Advanced Light Source to produce an intense beam focused on a tiny spot (typically 10 micron...
Synthetic rubber kills germs on contact
...ower is renewable - proved effective in laboratory tests
against Staphylococcus aureus and other major sources of hospital infections. The study was presented by Shelby Davis Worley, Ph.D., a professor of chemistry at Auburn University in Auburn, Ala. Worley says the new material - the first antimi...
Tobacco chemical protects against Parkinson's disease
...dy to confirm their initial findings. In addition, tests
are underway in which the blood platelets of smokers are examined - before and after they smoke - to see if the naphthoquinone or related tobacco-derived compounds reduce MAO activity. The results will be correlated with the effects of the napththoqu...
Psychologist finds low-cost methods to prevent pharmacy mistakes
... is working with six corporations to conduct field tests
of procedures and devices aimed at reducing the number of errors made when prescriptions are filled. Although automation and technology are often recommended to reduce human error, Grasha actually found there are several low-cost, low-tech solutions...
Computerized prescription system reduces errors caused by bad handwriting
... medications the patient should be receiving, what tests
are required and even the nutrition requirements. ...harmacy and other departments. Brill said that in tests
done on Rush's POE system, radiology orders took less than one minute, on average, to arrive in the ...
Costs of treating patients on clinical trials are not higher than costs of standard treatment, study suggests
...eceived standard care. (A phase II clinical trial tests
the safety of a drug and begins to evaluate how well a new drug works, and phase II studies usually focus on a particular type of cancer.) The average age of trial patients was 58.3 years versus 53.7 years for control patients for persons with cance...
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