Tag: "tobacco" at medical news

Poor diet and physical inactivity may soon overtake tobacco as leading cause of death in U.S.

... largely preventable behaviors and exposures, with tobacco use and poor diet/physical inactivity accounting f...ound that the leading causes of death in 2000 were tobacco (435,000 deaths; 18.1 percent of total U.S. deaths), poor diet and physical inactivity (400,000 deat...

Britain not doing enough to stop people from smoking claim public health experts

...to the death of one Briton every five minutes from tobacco related diseases. In a report published today in t...overnment is severely criticised for its record on tobacco control by UK public health experts. While Australia passed the point where ex-smokers outnumbered s...

Study supports new theory for nicotine's protective effect against neurodegenerative disorders

...pa, FL (March 15, 2004) While the health risks of tobacco are well known, several studies have shown that people with a history of cigarette smoking have lower rates of neurodegenerative diseases like Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. However, the explanations for nicotine's neuroprotective effects conti...

Impaired sense of smell increases risk for certain hazards

...imately half were men, and 18 percent were regular tobacco users. The researchers found that 76 percent of patients had some degree of olfactory impairment, and 30 percent had no sense of smell. Thirty-seven percent of patients with olfactory impairment, but only 19 percent of patients with a normal sense ...

New drug may help fight some lung cancers

...oked. Because BAC is less strongly associated with tobacco smoke than other lung cancers, these tumors may be associated with fewer molecular abnormalities and may provide a better 'target' for EGFR specific therapy. "We'll be watching the never-smokers in our study to see if this holds up. Tobacco-related...

Novelty-seeking teens may be more easily influenced by tobacco advertisements

...ty-seeking have been shown to be more receptive to tobacco industry promotional campaigns than teens with low...cientific data indicate that teens' receptivity to tobacco marketing campaigns may play an important role in the choice to start smoking. Building on this rese...

Smoking linked to accelerated cognitive decline in the elderly

...itive function through various mechanisms. Chronic tobacco use causes atherosclerosis and hypertension. This, and other effects of smoking, increase the risk of stroke and small, "silent" brain infarctions, Ott noted. "More in-depth studies are needed to verify if these or other factors are responsible for g...

Environmental and dietary influences on cancer risk

...ancy contains about 10 times the amount of a known tobacco carcinogen -- polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (P...se processes such as chemical carcinogens found in tobacco are detrimental." Scientists analyzed fluid extracted from nonsmokers and smokers, rangi...

Advances in prevention and treatment research hold promise for 'pipeline'

...rts of papillomavirus structural proteins with the tobacco mosaic virus (TMV). Alison McCormick, Ph.D., Senior Scientist at LSBC, presented preliminary findings indicating that the virus-combining technology resulted in vaccinations that promoted antibody responses to rabbit papillomavirus types that are use...

Increasing the risk of cancer

...lation of gene expression in murine lung tissue by tobacco smoke exposure: Abstract No. 1527 A gen... more frequently in lung tissue of mice exposed to tobacco smoke has been identified by researchers at the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, Pa. The fre...

Poorest in India are biggest consumers of tobacco

...milies in South Asia are going without food to get tobacco is raised in this week's BMJ. A study from India f... with the lowest standard of living smoke and chew tobacco more than others do. The analysis is based on the 1998-9 national family health survey of over 300,0...

Study finds lesbian and bisexual girls are at heightened risk for tobacco use

...and bisexual girls may be among the hardest hit by tobacco among the nation's young people. Led by researcher...rosexual girls to say they would be willing to use tobacco promotional merchandise, such as hats, T-shirts and bags. Gay and bisexual boys in the study were no...

Surgical skill increases survival for oesophageal cancer surgery

...is closely associated with alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking. The UK has one of the highest incidences of oesophageal cancer in Europe and each year there are around 4,200 deaths from the disease [1]. The mainstay of treatment for oesophageal cancer is surgery to remove the oesophagus, a procedure kno...

News briefs from the journal CHEST, April 2004

...KE INCREASES WITH EXPOSURE The more environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) male adolescents are exposed to, the greater the amount of lung damage they may experience. In a study of 80 healthy adolescent males (30 nonsmokers, 29 passive smokers, and 21 smokers), Milan researchers found a significant correlation ...

Article examines reasons contributing to epidemic of lung cancer in U.S. women

..., the authors point out that women are targeted in tobacco advertising, and teenage girls are often drawn to ...re more susceptible to the carcinogenic effects of tobacco smoke than men is debatable. What is not debatable, however, is that important differences exist amo...

Lung cancer now leading cause of cancer death in women

...iocultural constraints that previously discouraged tobacco use by women continue to weaken in many developing...ing countries during this century unless effective tobacco control measures are implemented....

Lung cancer in women is a 21st century epidemic

...smoke," says Dr. Patel. Following the increase in tobacco use in American women over the past century, the d...risen significantly. "Attacking the rising use of tobacco among women is one of the greatest disease prevention opportunities in the world today," says Dr. Pa...

Heart disease and stroke hit younger in developing countries, new report shows

...d exercise awareness and anti-smoking campaigns or tobacco taxes, have not yet occurred" in most developing countries. The report will be launched at Columbia University on April 26th What: A Race Against Time: the challenge of cardiovascular disease in developing economies When: Monday April 26, 2004,...

Are toddlers who can't sleep at higher risk of becoming teens who smoke, drink or do drugs?

... poor were more than twice as likely to use drugs, tobacco or alcohol. The surprising finding, made by a U...lcohol use and alcoholism, drug use and abuse, and tobacco use. For instance, alcoholics and non-alcoholic adults often use alcohol to try to help them sleep ...

Successful therapy for head and neck cancer may lead to long-term circulatory problems

...and restaurants. What many do not realize is that tobacco and alcohol combined contributes to head and neck cancer. While this is not one of the more common cancers, it is among the deadliest. Malignancies in this region of the body are among the most difficult to treat, resulting in a high mortality rate...

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(Date:4/17/2014)... international research team led by Cesar A. Arias, M.D., ... at Houston (UTHealth) has identified a new superbug that ... report appeared in the April 17 issue of ... new superbug is part of a class of highly-resistant ... MRSA, which is a major cause of hospital and ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... is less than 40 years away from a food ... governments, according to a top scientist at the U.S. ... human history, food production will be limited on a ... energy," said Dr. Fred Davies, senior science advisor for ... become as politically destabilizing by 2050 as energy issues ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... its status as the leading weapon against the deadly ... with new research indicating it simply needs to be ... of the cheap anti-malarial drug chloroquine in treating and ... more than half a million people each year around ... developed resistance to chloroquine, but research carried out at ...
(Date:4/16/2014)... SAN ANTONIO, Texas (April 16, 2014) A team that ... of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Johns Hopkins ... protein that helps a common fungus to infect the body. ... infections, diaper rashes and oral thrush, and is the most ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Scientists have solved a decades-old medical mystery and in the ... fungal infections, which kill about 1.5 million people a year. The ... an antifungal drug that has been in use for more than ... human cells as it is to the microbes it attacks. , ...
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