Tag: "tract" at medical news
How effective are herbal supplements in reducing illnesses in children?
...iveness of cranberry juice/supplements for urinary tract
infections, garlic for cardiovascular problems, and Echinacea for colds. Dr. Mahady explains that "as more children become exposed to botanical dietary supplements (herbal medicines), it is important that the safety and efficacy of these alternative...
Influenza vaccination programmes for children in USA and Canada based on little evidence
...comes such as hospital stays and lower respiratory tract
disease, when compared with placebo or no intervention. However, the authors note that these conclusions are based on a small number of studies. Dr Jefferson concludes: "We have identified a large dataset showing reasonable quality evidence of effic...
Cellular porthole connects odors to brain
...s to its location on cells that line the digestive tract
-- reinforcing the idea of "borrowed" machinery. "At first we were surprised to find this location of the transporter," says Bradley, "but in hindsight it makes sense -- both types of cells need to keep chloride high in order to do their jobs, and t...
Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women
...uary 23 issue of JAMA. Acute uncomplicated urinary tract
infections (UTIs) are among the most commonly encountered bacterial infections in women, according to background information in the article. Management of these infections has been made more complicated in recent years by increasing antimicrobial res...
New test improves detection of bladder cancer
...2. Patients at risk for malignancy of the urinary tract
provided a urine sample for analysis of NMP22 protein and cytology prior to cystoscopy (visual examination of the bladder using a special instrument that is passed through the urethra). Bladder cancer was diagnosed in 79 patients. "We found that the...
Bacteria collection sheds light on urinary tract infections
...gin, contaminated with E.coli, can lead to urinary tract
infections in women, according to a team of bacter... 8 to 10 million people are diagnosed with urinary tract
infections each year. Women are more likely to get UTIs than men because it is easier for the bacter...
South Africa in denial over number of deaths from HIV/AIDS
...re classified as tuberculosis or lower respiratory tract
infections. Social stigma associated with HIV/AIDS prevents many from speaking out about the true cause of illness and death among friends and family and leads doctors to record uncontroversial diagnoses on death certificates. The South African Gove...
Promise of 'bladder pacemaker' for people with spinal cord injury
...he kidneys. This backup causes the chronic urinary tract
infections and kidney problems that typically plag..., a major cause of health problems such as urinary tract
and kidney infections, and of skin degradation. Other research teams have reported that electrical p...
Drinking alcohol increases risk for cancer
...h increased risk of cancers of the upper digestive tract
and larynx, and also of the intestines, liver, and breast."The article lists primary liver cancer, cancers of the female breast and of the large bowel in both sexes, as being associated with alcohol drinking. Further death from diseases including cir...
Study shows that diabetes increases risk of blood poisoning
...evelop other bacterial infections, such as urinary tract
infections (UTIs). Danish researchers studied more...e more likely to have bacteremia caused by urinary tract
infection, rather than abdominal infection. Death after bacteremia also occurred more often in diabe...
NIAID begins enrolling volunteers for novel HIV vaccine study
...ses are among the main causes of upper respiratory tract
ailments such as the common cold. Because the vaccine contains only three HIV genes housed in a weakened adenovirus, study participants cannot become infected with HIV or get a respiratory infection from the vaccine. "If this study finds that the v...
Routine use of nose-to-stomach tube slows recovery from abdominal surgery
...to the stomach has been that keeping the digestive tract
empty would help it restart more quickly. Surgeons also commonly believe that the practice reduces the likelihood of vomiting and related aspiration pneumonia. This reasoning may look good on paper, says Nelson, but like many medical practices of th...
Newly discovered virus linked to childhood lung disorders and Kawasaki disease
...ered virus may be responsible for many respiratory tract
illnesses in infants and children, and may be asso...ibed a powerful immune response in the respiratory tract
and other organs in acute cases of Kawasaki disease, suggesting the involvement of a specific microb...
New network of gastrointestinal immune cells discovered
...e system of immune cells throughout the intestinal tract
that take up bacteria and other antigens, giving u... way for the immune system in the gastrointestinal tract
to monitor and interact with the environment," says Reinecker, an assistant professor of Medicine at...
Jefferson scientists find zinc may help prevent esophageal, oral cancers
...ounts of celecoxib can prevent upper aerodigestive tract
cancers, including esophageal and oral cancers....
Simple sputum test for confirmation of childhood tuberculosis
...f swallowed string from the upper gastrointestinal tract
induces sputum-- with conventional sputum induction for the diagnosis of tuberculosis in 228 HIV-infected patients. These patients were under investigation for tuberculosis and were either unable to produce an adequate specimen or they had a previous...
Urinary tract infections likely caused by tainted food
A multi-state outbreak of urinary tract
infections caused by drug-resistant Escherichia co...Infectious Diseases, now available online. Urinary tract
infections, or UTIs, are one of the most common infections in women. Although they are not typically...
Study links sexual behavior, genetic factors to increased risk of kidney infection in women under 50
...s that put women at risk for simple, lower urinary tract
infections (UTIs)as well as some unexpected factor...tercourse in the previous 30 days A recent urinary tract
infection A new sex partner in the previous year Having a mother with a history of UTIs Recent sperm...
Increased suicide rate is possibly linked to chemicals released from nearby asphalt plants
... The neighborhoods comprising two U.S. census tract
block groups contained a total of 1,561 residents ...were reported from the 687 residents in the census tract
block group 1. Two deaths by suicide in adults were reported among the 874 residents of census tract...
American Thoracic Socety journal news tips for December 2004 (first issue)
...g to the authors, viruses in the lower respiratory tract
are a leading cause of disease, hospitalization, and antibiotic use in patients with immunosuppressive and/or chronic lung diseases. However, in 70 to 80 percent of the cases, the identity of the virus remains undetermined. (To collect BAL specimen...
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