Tag: "transmit" at medical news
Duke Study Suggests New Class Of Drugs Could Bypass Leptin Loop
...energicreceptors, receive the hormone's signal and transmit
it inside the cell.The signal initiates a chain of events that results in the burning of storedfat. Specifically, mice on a high-fat diet that received the synthetic noradrenalinestayed as slim as mice on a low-fat diet that received no noradrenali...
Scientists Produce New Anti-Malarial Compound
...when they bite an infected person. Theinsects then transmit
infected blood to other people.Anopheles mosquitos are found in portions of the United States,where reports of malaria have historically been rare but wherepublic health officials are increasingly concerned. The research was funded by a three-year gr...
Fertilization Protein Structure To AID in Leukemia Treatment
...ss the cell membrane, providing a means for it to transmit
signals to the inside of white blood cells. "By modifying the chemical bonds in molecules outside the cell, the size and shape of the protein cavity may be changed, and this effect can be transmitted across the cell membrane by the attached tail,"...
Personality, Thought To Be Stable Over Time, Changes In Healthy People Who Take A Widely Used Anti-Depressant
...ncreasing theavailability of serotonin required to transmit
electrical signals in nervepathways affecting mood. The new findings suggest that drugs affecting specific signaling pathways in thebrain--pathways affected by serotonin in the case of paroxetine--can lead tochanges in particular personality charact...
Researchers Identify Biochemically Distinct Pain Phenomena, Conclude Better Pain Relief At Lower Morphine Doses Is Possible
...tance P or neurokinin A -- or both-- are needed to transmit
moderate or more intense pain signals in a variety ofpainful conditions. Although the mutant and normal mice needed the same amountof morphine to relieve mild pain, the mutant mice, which lacked the tachykinins,needed less morphine to experience pai...
Filmless System Puts X-Ray Images On The Web
...n fully operational, about ayear from now, it will transmit
images to hundreds of computer work stationsthroughout the hospital and link radiology with the emergency department,intensive care units, doctor's offices in the hospital, the Shock Trauma Center,the Greenebaum Cancer Center and to any referring phy...
Promising Results For Woman-Controlled Anti-HIV Product
...y Mayer provides more clues for why some women may transmit
HIVmore readily, knowledge that may eventually help in the development of vaccines.Women with undetectable HIV levels in their blood may have detectable levels ofvirus in their genital tracks. Sensitive assays called DNA and RNA PCR(polymerase chain ...
Safe Water, Medicines, Insecticides Greatest Needs After Mitch
...oliferation of vectors like the mosquitoes thatcan transmit
diseases such as dengue fever, malaria and others. According to Dr. Prado, the response of the health sector to a disaster such asthe one that affected Honduras, Nicaragua, and Belize can usually be describedin 3 steps. The first is the immediate l...
Cut Nerve Fibers Are Repaired In An Animal Model of Spinal Cord Injury; May Help Repair Nerve Damage In Humans
... Nerve cells possess axons, extensions that transmit
electrical signalsover long distances in the body....f the once-severed axons regained their ability to transmit
electricalimpulses through the lesion site. They then applied a biological adhesive (aPEG-hydrogel)...
Neurobiologists Show How The Brain Processes Signals From Pheromones
...ormation from the environment outside the cell and transmit
it inside thecell for processing. Now that Mombaerts has shown that the wiring diagrams of the two olfactorysystems are different, the question is why? The main olfactory system isdesigned to detect a variety of odors, often at extremely low concentr...
Biochemical Marker Targets Brain Injury Leading To Movement Problems After Stroke
...n as the internal capsule, has nerve pathways that transmit
signals to andfrom the brain. "When combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a visualization method fordetecting clots or blockages in the brain that trigger most strokes, MRSprovides scientists with a panoramic, interactive view of both site ...
Want to feel good? Don't smell a child, sniff your granny
...l for conveyinginformation. Rodents can detect and transmit
fear through smell, for instance,and animals often...years are generally happy, and that theirodour can transmit
this mood. "The airborne chemicals that we collected fromthem-"l'eau de grandmere"-may indicate that...
Component of aspirin prevents antibiotic-induced deafness
...cells, the inner ear is unable to detect sounds or transmit
signals toauditory neurons leading to the brain. The result is irreversible hearing loss. In 1997, Schacht published the results of experiments showing that ironchelators---medications used to "soak up" excess iron in thebloodstream---protected guin...
Adhesive tape connected to hospital infections
...sive tape used to secure intravenous catheters may transmit
bacteria thatcontribute to hospital infections, according to a University of Toronto study inthe current edition of the Journal of General Internal Medicine. Researchers found that 74 per cent of adhesive tape specimens collected in ateaching hospit...
Advances in 'On the Spot' tests have huge public health implications
...will be able to make a diagnosis and automatically transmit
the information to a central database as a source ...ect pathogens (microorganisms that cause disease), transmit
the data to a physician or advice centre and which will then transmit
advice back to the patient. I...
NSF award to five Georgia universities for new Science and Technology Center
...ances in neuroscience.This award will enable us to transmit
the excitement of these discoveries to anew generation of investigators." The Science and Technology Center program is an initiative to explore frontiersof science while also creating educational opportunities. It is designed toincrease minority part...
Study finds HIV breastfeeding risk highest in early months after birth
...fewer than four previous birthswere more likely to transmit
HIV through breast milk than were women who hadfour or more. Similarly, younger mothers were more likely than older mothers totransmit HIV through breast milk. Drs. Miotti, Biggar and their colleagues speculate that mothers who arerelatively less ex...
Scientists provide first detailed maps of wiring circuitry in the living human brain
...veloped a way to visualizenerve fiber bundles that transmit
information between different areas of theliving h..., the researchers traced longer fiber bundles that transmit
visualinformation from the eyes to the brain. Fibers that are used for seeingdifferent parts of the ...
Sub-saharan African music, visibly stressed E. coli, and the sounds of Mars at
National Acoustics meeting
...eduled to land on the Red Planet in December, will transmit
the first-everrecorded sounds from the Fourth Planet back to Earth. Researchers hope that thelander's microphone, built at UC-Berkeley( http://plasma2.ssl.berkeley.edu/marsmic/ ), will pick up unique environmentalsounds from the planet and capture...
Pathway may provide target for treating chronic pain
...rchers have found that cells in thespinal cord can transmit
sensations of pain through a network of cellularreceptors not previously associated with pain. This network may be responsiblefor transmitting chronic pain, and blocking its activity may provide a newstrategy for pain management. Scientists from Was...
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