Tag: "ubs" at medical news

Study finds factors linked to substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals

Having a coexisting psychiatric illness or family history of a substance use disorder or having used a major opioid are key factors that can increase the likelihood of a substance use disorder relapse among health care professionals, according to a study in the March 23/30 issue of JAMA....... The prevalence of chemical dependency (excluding nicotine) among physicians has been estimated to be 10...

Most hospital executives have substantial concerns about mandatory error reporting systems

A survey of hospital leaders indicates that many have serious reservations about a mandatory error reporting system, including that it would discourage event reporting and increase the risk of lawsuits, according to a study in the March 16 issue of JAMA....... Since the early 1990s, much has been learned about medical errors in health care settings, and about their impact on illness, death, and c...

New substance that improves the photodetection of bladder cancer gains market approval

Scientists at the Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne (EPFL), in collaboration with Lausanne's University Hospital and Lausanne University's Physiology Department, have invested more than ten years of research into the development of a fluorescence-inducing compound that may very well revolutionize the photodetection of superficial bladder cancer....... This substance, hexaminolevulinate, is t...

First epileptic seizures in old age suggest high risk of subsequent stroke

UK research in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how an unexplained epileptic seizure among people aged 60 years or over probably indicates a high risk of subsequent stroke. Authors of the study comment that the identification of patients at increased stroke risk has implications for preventative treatment, and that seizures should be viewed as a risk factor for stroke in the same way as...

Managing anger, boosting activity helps substance abusers stick with treatment

Encouraging substance abusers to participate in more rewarding activities and manage their negative emotions early in treatment may improve their chances of success, new research suggests....... Previous research has repeatedly shown that participants who stick with their treatment programs for the longest times are most likely to recover and not relapse, explains lead author Carolynn Kohn, Ph.D....

Substance protects resilient staph bacteria

Researchers have identified a promising new target in their fight against a dangerous bacterium that sickens people in hospitals, especially people who receive medical implants such as catheters, artificial joints and heart valves. ......A substance found on the surface of Staphylococcus epidermidis has, for the first time, been shown to protect the harmful pathogen from natural human defense mec...

Substance in urine predicts development of preeclampsia

A substance found in the urine of pregnant women can be measured to predict the later development of preeclampsia, according to research from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health....... "We may have reached a turning point in the extensive federal research investigation of this frequent, life-threatening complication of pregnancy," said...

ER patients with substance abuse treatment need incur higher health care costs

WASHINGTON, DC--Emergency department patients with unmet substance abuse treatment need generate much higher hospital and emergency department charges than patients without such need, according to a new study to be published today as an advance online publication of Annals of Emergency Medicine (Unmet Substance Abuse Treatment Need, Health Services Utilization, and Cost: A Population-Based Emerge...

Study finds mental health needs of older adults substantially underserved

Individuals aged 65 and older are unlikely to receive needed mental health treatment in the United States, according to a recent national study by researchers at Texas A&M University. Drawing upon data from the 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Use and Health, the researchers found that older adults were three times less likely than younger adults (individuals aged 18-64) to receive outpati...

Premature infants with lung disease may continue to need replacement substance to ease breathing

Physicians have known for decades that many premature babies suffer respiratory problems stemming from insufficiency of a lung substance called surfactant during their first few weeks of life. The standard treatment has been to provide replacement surfactant immediately after birth. A new study has found that even after infants begin producing their own surfactant, it often fails to function prop...

HPV vaccine shown to 'substantially' reduce cervical cancer

LEBANON, NH An international clinical trial directed by Dr. Diane Harper of Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center (DHMC) and Dartmouth Medical School has shown extremely promising results for a vaccine against the most common causes of cervical cancer.... ...Writing in the lead article of this week's issue of The Lancet, Harper and her fellow authors said the vaccine...

Pediatricians often underestimate substance abuse problems in adolescents

Adolescents who have problems with substance use often aren't identified during routine pediatric visits, according to a study to be released in the November issue of Pediatrics, the peer-reviewed, scientific journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).... ..."We found that most pediatricians significantly underestimate the severity of adolescent substance use," said the study's primary a...

UMHS researchers help hone use of substance to improve lung function in premature infants

ANN ARBOR, Mich. -- When babies are born prematurely, their lungs are not able to produce a protein that helps them breathe. Now, using a device already used in the neonatal intensive care unit to monitor lung function in premature infants, University of Michigan Health System researchers have taken a step in helping neonatal specialists administer a replacement substance that helps babies breath...

Darifenacin substantially improves quality of life for people with overactive bladder symptoms

Monte Carlo, Monaco, 27 June 2004 Darifenacin significantly improves important emotional, physical and social limitations associated with overactive bladder symptoms. ...... These new data show that after 12 weeks treatment with darifenacin, people with OAB symptoms are more able to undertake household tasks, socialise, work and travel. They are also less likely to...

Carotid artery surgery could substantially reduce stroke among high-risk patients

Results of an international study in this week's issue of THE LANCET suggest that surgery to widen narrowed carotid arteries could halve the risk of stroke among high-risk patients. However, authors of the study caution that surgery carries its own stroke risks if not done by experts.... ...There is currently debate as to whether people who have substantial narrowing of the carotid arteries (but...

Substance use, social stress compromise pregnant women's immune system

DURHAM, N.C. Pregnant women living under stressful conditions and those who use tobacco, alcohol or illegal drugs have compromised immune system responses that threaten the health of both mother and baby, according to a study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University Medical Center.... ...The results suggest that elevated levels of inflammatory biomarker...

Sleep problems in early childhood may predict substance use during adolescence

... Researchers know there is an association between insomnia and the subsequent onset of alcohol abuse, nicotine dependence, and drug abuse/dependence in some adults. ... A new study has found an association between sleep problems during early childhood and substance abuse during adolescence.... ...... ...Previous research has linked insomnia with the subsequent onset of alcohol abuse, ni...

Work on promising inorganic blood substitute to move forward with $1.5 million grant from NIH

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- A patient who is losing large amounts of blood presents a medical emergency, requiring proper blood-typing and immediate access to multiple units of compatible blood. ... Health workers must hope that transfusing large amounts of blood doesn't add to the emergency and that the patient has no objection to receiving blood products. Then there are the cost and logistics of maintain...

Transformation of heated meat substitutes is unpredictable

Researchers in the Netherlands have investigated the molecular structure of plant proteins that must provide alternatives for the animal proteins in our food over the next 10 years. They discovered that proteins with a similar chemical structure behaved differently after heating. The behaviour of the proteins after heating plays an important role in the development of a new type of meat substitut...

Prevalence of age-related macular degeneration projected to increase substantially by 2020

CHICAGO Due to the rapidly aging population, the number of people in the United States with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of blindness in people older than 65 years, will increase from 1.75 million people to almost 3 million people by the year 2020, according to an article in the April issue of , a theme issue on blindness, and one of the JAMA/Archives journals.........

Prevalence of cataracts expected to increase substantially in coming decades

CHICAGO The number of persons in the United States affected by cataracts is estimated to rise to 30.1 million people in the next 20 years, an increase of 50 percent, according to an article in the April issue of The Archives of Ophthalmology, a theme issue on blindness, and one of the JAMA/Archives journals....... According to information in the article, cataract is the leading cause of blindnes...

Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation improves substance-abuse treatment response

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- "Brain exercises" originally developed for the rehabilitation of head-injury patients improve the cognitive functioning of individuals in substance-abuse treatment and their commitment to the treatment program, according to research conducted at the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions (RIA).... ... Those who participated in the cognitive rehabilitation exerci...

Combination drug therapy could substantially improve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

The combination of two drugs-both partly effective for rheumatoid arthritis patients when given individually-could be an important development in substantially reducing symptoms and joint destruction for people with rheumatoid arthritis, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET....... Rheumatoid arthritis affects around 1% of people worldwide. Etanercept and methotrexate are...

Economic impact of back pain substantial

DURHAM, N.C. -- In one of the largest analyses of its kind, a team of Duke University Medical Center researchers has found that patients suffering from back pain consume more that $90 billion annually in health-care expenses, with approximately $26 billion of that amount directly attributable to treating the back pain....... The researchers said that their results not only demonstrate the enormou...

'Survival sex' and substance abuse may hinder HIV prevention efforts

Even after receiving risk-reduction counseling, some individuals who know they are HIV-positive are engaging in high-risk behavior that could transmit their infection, according to a study in the January 1 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online.... ...Interviews with 256 individuals who attended a New York City HIV clinic revealed that 41 percent engaged in unprotected sex af...

Substantial survival increase after highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection

Research published in this week's issue of The Lancet highlights the substantial increased survival for people with HIV-1 since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1997. However the study also shows a shift in risk profiles compared with earlier data-people over 45 years no longer appear to have reduced survival compared with younger people, and individuals who acq...

Study finds few substance abuse treatment programs for elders

IOWA CITY, Iowa -- Fewer than one in five existing substance abuse programs in the United States offers services specifically designed for older adults, according to a University of Iowa investigation. The study, which appeared in the September issue of the International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, suggests substance abuse in the older population is a particularly serious health concern.......

Severe childhood ADHD may predict alcohol, substance use problems in teen years

Scientists tracking the progress of children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as they became teenagers have shed new light on the link between ADHD and the risk of developing alcohol and substance use problems. The researchers found that individuals with severe problems of inattention as children were more likely than their peers to report alcohol-related problems, a...

Substantial increase in breast cancer risk from combination hormone replacement therapy

A study in this week's issue of THE LANCET involving over a million women in the UK provides strong evidence that use of combination (progestagen-oestrogen) hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is associated with a substantially greater risk of breast cancer than oestrogen-only therapy. The study is also the first to report an increase in risk of death from breast cancer for HRT users compared with...

Rensselaer awarded NY state funding for alcohol/substance abuse education

TROY, N.Y. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has received $10,000 from The New York State Department of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) toward the universitys continuing efforts to prevent alcohol abuse on campus and in the surrounding community. The OASAS award is part of the states Healthy Campus Community Demonstration Project. Funds are provided through the Federal Enforcing t...

Increased heart mortality rates linked to lower state subsidies of uninsured in New Jersey

(Philadelphia, PA) -- The introduction of market-based competition to New Jersey's hospitals and the state's reduction in subsidies for uninsured medical care have been linked to a relative increase in mortality rates among uninsured heart attack patients there, in a study at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine that compares New Jersey patient data with similar national and New York...

NIDA initiative designed to make substance abuse treatment more 'community friendly'

According to a 1998 Institute of Medicine study, despite the availability of a number of effective behavioral treatments for alcohol and drug abuse, research-based treatments have not been adopted widely into community...clinical practice. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has awarded seven grants totaling almost $2 million to support research that will identify ways to ease the adaptat...

NIDA leads research network to improve substance abuse treatment in criminal justice settings

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has taken the lead in building a unique multi-agency consortium to improve drug treatment services for drug using offenders. NIDA has awarded eight grants and is providing...about three-fourths of the $4.1 million committed to funding the first year of the program. Additional support is being provided by the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Substan...

Heart failure mortality substantial among elderly

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. A recently recognized form of congestive heart failure in which the heart contracts normally but doesn't fill with enough blood results in more deaths nationwide than the more widely known form of the disorder, report researchers in the current issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. ... ..."Even though the recently recognized form, called diastolic heart failure, is less dea...

Anesthesiologists' substance abuse constant despite efforts

... ... .........DURHAM, N.C. -- Despite improved control of operating room medications and increased education, the rate of substance abuse among anesthesiologists remains unchanged, according to a new Duke University Medical Center survey.... ...The anonymous survey of more than 100 academic medical centers found substance abuse rates of 1 percent for anesthesiology faculty members (34 out o...

Off-the-job drinking predicts subsequent on-the-job injury for up to five years

... Urban transit operators have one of the most stressful jobs in the United States.... Prior research showed that some bus drivers use after-hours alcohol to cope with work-related stress.... A new study has found that off-the-job drinking can have a significant impact on subsequent claims of work-related injury.... ...Numerous studies have established a link between on-the-job alcohol impairm...

Substance found in sharks could lead to weight loss drug, research shows

(Washington, DC)--A substance derived from dogfish sharks suppresses appetite and decreases body weight in rodents, making it a potential new, safe anti-obesity treatment, according to research conducted at Georgetown University and the University of Pennsylvania Schools of Medicine. The results of this study are published in the July issue of the journal Diabetes.... ...The researchers tested MS...

Preventing misuse of performance-enhancing substances a growing and difficult task

Baseball team owners, players and fans seem to agree on the importance of drug testing for steroids, according to current reports, but the entire scope of performance-enhancing substances available for all athletes is vastly broader and many of the drugs employed by athletes are not easily detectable, says a Penn State researcher. ... "The use, misuse and abuse of drugs have long shaken the found...

Integrated medical/substance abuse treatment increase odds patients continue treatment

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions followed the course of 120 adult patients engaged in active substance abuse and who had been hospitalized for treatment of medical conditions. To be eligible for the study, the patients had to report that they wanted to stop using drugs....... Seventy-nine of the patients were given their required medical care, integrated with intensive substa...

Physicians report less professional satisfaction in treating substance-abusing patients

Based on a survey of primary care physicians, Dr. Richard Saitz, Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology at Boston University School of Medicine and Public Health, reports that residents and faculty physicians find less satisfaction caring for patients with alcohol or drug problems than managing patients with hypertension. ...... One hundred forty-four residents and faculty physicians we...
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