Tag: "virus" at medical news
Virus in babies may cause asthma later on
...r of cell biology and physiology. "We think that a virus
in infancy or childhood creates a hit-and-run effe..., mice lacking ICAM-1 that were infected with this virus
were initially healthier than their normal counterparts, with far less airway inflammation, less wei...
MTCT-Plus makes HIV treatment a reality for poor countries
...en become infected, more than 500,000 transmit the virus
to their infants and more than 1.5 million women die each year from AIDS. Groundbreaking progress has been made in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission. However, these programs offer no HIV care for the mothers themselves. The tragedy i...
Long-term interruption of HIV treatment may be safe in certain patients
...interruption. All of the patients had increases in virus
levels and drops in infection-fighting CD4 cells. Patients with lower virus
levels prior to treatment and stronger immune systems responded more favorably during the interrupti...
Nasal spray flu vaccine developed at U-M needs no additional clinical trials, says FDA
...cold-adapted, live-attenuated, trivalent influenza virus
vaccine. Unlike traditional flu shots, which are m...cipient develop immunity at the site where the flu virus
typically enters the body, the nose. Trivalent means it would include three strains of the flu virus...
Timely antiretroviral therapy essential for best prognosis in people with HIV-1 infection
... of around 80%. A blood concentration of the HIV-1 virus
above 100,000 copies per millilitre at the start of therapy was also associated with a higher probability of progression to AIDS or death. Other independent predictors of poorer outcome were advanced age, HIV-1 infection through injection drug use, a...
Recirculated airplane cabin air does not cause more colds
... viruses to prove the passengers actually had cold virus
infections. Analysis of the results revealed that people who believed air travel increases the risk of colds did not report more post-flight colds. Females reported colds more frequently than males. In the early 1980s, to increase fuel efficiency, ai...
Schizophrenia may be caused by an interaction of genes and viruses in glia cells
...otably the genetic, the neurodevelopmental and the virus
hypotheses, thereby providing a unifying explanation for the development of schizophrenia. It is hoped that by testing this hypothesis in the laboratory, researchers will come up with new ways of treating this debilitating brain disease....
Know your risk for hepatitis C virus
Orlando, FL -- Hepatitis C virus
(HCV) is the most common chronic infectious diseas...n treatment for HCV has been able to eradicate the virus
in approximately half of all cases, greatly expanding the need for laboratory tests for HCV infectio...
Substance found in sharks could lead to weight loss drug, research shows
...for HIV because it stopped the reproduction of the virus
in the lab. However, when the researchers tested it in animals they discovered that it caused them to stop eating and therefore could not be used safely as an HIV treatment. It was then that the researchers realized its potential as an anti-obesity t...
Gene therapy boosts cancer chemotherapy
...distant sites." The therapy uses a modified cold virus
to insert the gene for tumor necrosis factor (TNF)... treated with cisplatin alone or injected with the virus
alone grew more slowly. Cisplatin is currently used to treat many types of cancer, including lung, ...
American Thoracic Society journal news tips for August (first issue)
...ts A patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV) who is admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in this era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has a markedly improved survival rate. The survival rate to hospital discharge of HIV-infected patients has improved significantly fro...
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, Aug. 6, 2002
... diagnosis, reporting, and prevention of West Nile virus
in the United States and Canada (Review, p. 173). Researchers looked at medical literature and national monitoring reports through May 2002. West Nile virus, first identified in the United States in New York City in 1999, by 2001 had been found in 27...
UCSD study shows increased transmission of drug-resistant HIV infection
...sion rate of drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV), now affecting as many as one in five newly ...ing care in the United States carry strains of the virus
that are resistant to drug therapy. In the current New England Journal of Medicine article, Little...
Discovery may lead to new HIV drugs, says Jefferson virologist
...irion infectivity factor, allows CEM15 to stop the virus
from replicating. Vif, then, could become "a new t...f, he says, is a regulatory protein needed for the virus
to grow and make infectious viruses, or particles, from certain cells, but not from others. "If rese...
Gene therapy may increase cancer cure rates, medical physicists show
...tic radiotherapy, cancer cells are infected with a virus
that makes tumor cells more sensitive to--and more easily destroyed by--radiation such as x-rays. At last month's medical physics meeting, the VCU researchers presented a quantitative model predicting the increase in cancer cure rates with genetic ra...
Wayne State and Virginia chemist wins national award for work with drugs
...ars in hopes they might complex with the parasite, virus
or bacterium -- and by 'complexing' with it would prevent it from attacking the host cell," said Johnson. "And we tried to make those molecules using unusual chemistry." For instance, he and his group would assemble a complex sugar unit using bacteri...
Reducing side effects of retinoic acid cancer treatment
...f a centimeter, one group received injections of a virus
that expressed CRABP-II in the tumors. "The rate of growth of tumors in the mice that received CRABP-II was dramatically slower," says Noy. "The implication here is that we may not even need to administer RA to treat tumors, but can make use of the R...
Making cancer cells susceptible to therapeutic attack
...is discovering how a gene known as E1A, found in a virus
responsible for the common cold, renders tumor cells vulnerable to destruction. "By explaining how E1A works, we hope to develop novel strategies to make human immunological defenses against tumors, as well as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, more...
The lancet specialty journals press releases
...currently in the midst of its worst ever West Nile virus
outbreak. In the September issue of TLID, Grant L ...l features, pathology, and management of West Nile virus
infection. The virus
is a human, equine, and avian neuropathogen that is maintained in nature in a m...
Transplants in HIV patients should proceed, but drug interactions a concern
...ransplant patients with the human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV), in recent years, some centers have begun to...icant HIV progression or any adverse effect of the virus
on organ function, the researchers reported....
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