Tag: "volume" at medical news
Drug-eluting stents adopted quickly, with early disparities
...ated or teaching hospitals and those with a higher volume
of angioplasties were more likely to be using the newer stents. When the FDA gave its approval, it recommended that drug-eluting stents were to be used initially for fairly straightforward cases of blocked arteries, as was tested in the devices' clin...
Smoking cessation can improve survival among patients with severe COPD
...ome oxygen use, pulmonary rehabilitation, and lung volume
reduction surgery were not significant predictors of survival. "The large number of female patients with severe, early-onset COPD has been an interesting finding of our study that we have not yet been able to explain fully," said Edwin K. Silverman, ...
MRI technique for measuring blood volume helps distinguish between abscesses and tumors in the brain
...ant brain tumors. DSC MRI is used to measure blood volume
in brain tumors. Malignant brain tumors have high blood volume
because they need new blood vessels in order to grow, while abscesses have the same blood volume
New brain cells develop during alcohol abstinence, UNC study shows
... the return of normal cognitive function and brain volume
associated with recovery from addiction during abstinence from alcohol. "This is really the first biological measure of a major change in neuronal structure consistent with changes that are known to occur when individuals are able to stop drinking," ...
Detrol LA combined with standard treatment for enlarged prostate is twice as effective
...he bladder muscle squeezes or contracts at a small volume
and without the normal warning signals that capacity is being reached. This usually results in more frequent urination (frequency), and sometimes, wetting accidents (urge incontinence). Treatment Once overactive bladder is diagnosed, muscarinic rec...
Jefferson neuroscientists studying new type of Alzheimer's drug to halt disease progression
... 70 weeks. The researchers will also examine brain volume
by magnetic resonance imaging before and after the trial....
Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Nov. 2, 2004
...ut unproven link" between physician supply and the volume
of medical care could mean that more doctors will generate more medical services and therefore higher health expenditures. For all these reasons, the editorial writers say, "even when we have done our homework, increasing the supply of physicians gra...
Exercise for special populations, sensory research, factors impacting rehabilitation top issues
...search determines how much a residual limb changes volume
and shape after prosthesis removal. A custom optic...w knee amputations. Results showed that changes in volume
over a 35-minute interval after prosthesis removal were greater than those experienced over a two-we...
Appendix rupture in children associated with race and health insurance status
...e, health insurance status, age, sex, and hospital volume
on the ruptured appendicitis rate. They also evalu...dectomy rate improved as the hospital appendectomy volume
increased. "These findings present a dual challenge for improving the outcomes of children with a...
DepoDur found to be innovative option for postoperative pain relief
...ation of DepoDur TM . Patients with depleted blood volume
receiving DepoDur TM may experience severe hypotension. The most common adverse events reported in clinical studies (>10%) were: decreased oxygen saturation, hypotension, urinary retention, vomiting, constipation, nausea, pruritus, pyrexia, anem...
Advances in understanding brain circuits responsible for tics in Tourette's shed light on disorder
...ce the course of the disorder. "We found that the volume
of the caudate nucleus and adjacent structures in the subgenual region, which includes areas of the ventral striatum and the limbic cortex, could account for nearly a third of the variance of tic severity at follow-up," says Leckman. These striatal a...
Getting the fluid balance right in malaria
... if a doctor has access to ways of assessing fluid volume
more precisely, they should do so (not a trivial undertaking in many hospitals where these children are treated). "The optimum resuscitation approach in severe childhood malaria remains to be defined," says White. "The relative advantages of blood, c...
Not all beers are created equal
...th of less than four percent make up 40 percent by volume
of the beer market, and there are close to 40 varieties from 0.9 percent to 3.8 percent to choose from." Kerr concurs. "An important message is that not all beer is the same and that consumers should consider the percentage of alcohol in the brand ...
UMHS researchers help hone use of substance to improve lung function in premature infants
...ally. We're able to tell in real time how much gas volume
the baby is moving in and out. If the pressure is too much or not enough for the baby, we can immediately adjust the ventilator," says lead study author Mohammad A. Attar, M.D., clinical instructor in the Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Dis...
National Institute on Aging, industry launch Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative
...hers will evaluate the best ways of measuring this volume
loss in the hippocampus and other brain structures. PET scans assess brain function by measuring the rate of metabolism of glucose, the brain's fuel. PET scans of people with AD show that glucose in certain parts of the brain is metabolized at lower ...
Reconstituted blood is better for infants' heart surgery than fresh blood
...s machine is not necessary for adults, whose blood volume
is larger. Traditionally, surgeons have insisted on using fresh whole blood to prime the bypass machine and would even cancel procedures when it wasn't available. Using reconstituted blood would ease blood centers' burden of meeting the demand for...
Limiting angioplasty to experienced hospitals will not reduce access to care
DURHAM, NC Standards of volume
that limit angioplasty procedures to more experien..."At operator and hospital levels, higher procedure volume
is associated with lower rates of inpatient mortality, emergency bypass surgery and complications," ...
MRI can measure early benefits of cholesterol-lowering drugs and plaque reduction
...ifferent angles, were required to calculate plaque volume
levels in each artery. After six months of therapy with simvastatin (20-80 mg daily), plaque volume
levels were significantly reduced by 9 percent, on average, from 3.3 cm3 to 2.9 cm3. The researcher...
Prescriptions for antibiotics to prevent anthrax uncommon after the 2001 anthrax attacks
...percent) of 15,539 office visits. Average patient volume
was higher from October to December in 2001 (221.2 patients per day) compared with the same time period in 2000 (199.1 patients per day). Fifty patients (21 percent of the 244 who discussed bioterrorism with their physician) requested antibiotics or ...
Child health improvement through computer automation
...tment management for each patient. The sheer volume
and changing nature of guidelines for shot administration, vision screening, injury prevention, management of chronic diseases and a myriad of other child and adolescent medicine topics often overwhelm busy pediatricians who often rely on memory. Mos...
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