Tag: "wiring" at medical news
Neurobiologists Show How The Brain Processes Signals From Pheromones
...tem and show that it differs dramatically from the wiring
diagramfor the main olfactory system, which all ma...smells. "We have elucidated for the first time the wiring
diagram of the accessoryolfactory system in mammals, and we have shown that is more complex than the...
National Survey: Leg Crossing Is Taboo But Women Indulge Anyway
...tionallyheld by women, such as plumbing,electrical wiring
and carpentry. Training includes skills instruction andfitness classes to develop upper body and leg strength. Keeping legs healthy is important at a time when more women are workingin physically demanding jobs and an increasing number are re...
Scientists provide first detailed maps of wiring circuitry in the living human brain
...re wired.Conturo, the lead author, also notes that wiring
diagrams could be used to studyhow the recently re... stroke. Scientists' understanding of the wiring
of the human brain has comeprimarily from studies of animals, which lack many of the higher brain fu...
Treatment helps dyslexics significantly improve reading, shows brain changes as children learn
...t brain damage. There are just differences in the wiring
of the brain for those parts that are involved in reading. There is no such thing as a perfect brain. Any brain probably has structural anomalies. With appropriate instruction, dyslexic brains may become more efficient at processing the sounds of l...
Transplanted human neural stem cells improve memory in rats
... the stem cells were clearly incorporated into the wiring
of the host brain."...
Tourettes, other tic disorders far more common than once thought
...hen you see a child with tics, its a sign that the wiring
isnt quite right, says Kurlan, chief of the Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology Unit at the universitys Strong Memorial Hospital, where he treats more than 400 Tourettes patients regularly. Tics are observable markers that this person is more likely t...
Researchers identify for the first time proteins vital to maintaining nervous system architecture
...chitecture after the developing body lays down the wiring
pattern. The finding may someday lead to a better ...proteins, called ZIGs, responsible for keeping the wiring
of the nervous system in its proper place in the mature organism. The results will be published in t...
Researchers observe abnormalities in brains of autism patients
... organizational unit of brain cells and connective wiring
allowing an individual to take in information, process it, and respond. Thus, any changes in size, shape or location of the minicolumn will have an effect on the processing capacity of the brain. For the study, scientists examined the brain tissue of...
First consensus guidelines on lightning safety issued before summer storms
... Large structures with plumbing and electrical wiring
(eg, houses, schools, office buildings). Fully enclosed metal vehicles (eg, cars, buses, trucks, enclosed farm vehicles). It is important to roll up windows and avoid contact with metal or conducting surfaces outside or inside the vehicl...
Complex physical learning may compensate for prenatal alcohol exposure, study shows
...say researchers whose experiments led to increased wiring
in the brains of young rats. In their study, infant rats were exposed to alcohol during a period of brain development (especially in the cerebellum) that is similar to that of the human third trimester of pregnancy. In adulthood, the rats improved t...
For the blind, a computer navigation system with its own map
...s building jet aircraft use such systems to access wiring
schematics, as do workers conducting large-scale inventories. In this case, however, the wearable computer contains voice-recognition and other software. The user also carries a cell phone for wireless communication, an antenna and a backpack contain...
SFVAMC researchers distinguish dementias using brain imaging
...ular brain cells, called neurons, that make up the wiring
of the brain. Active neurons carry electrical signals between different regions of the brain and produce a chemical called N-acetylaspartate, or NAA, which is not produced by other types of brain cells. The amount of NAA in a given region of the brai...
Early nicotine use may lead to lasting addiction, study finds
...rs," Levin said. "Early nicotine use may cause the wiring
of the brain to proceed inappropriately. In essence, the brains of adolescents who use tobacco may be sculpted around an addiction to nicotine."...
Evidence that neurons prune only 'twigs' to rewire themselves
...ng mice, researchers have discovered that neurons' wiring
remain largely stable, providing a solid scaffold ...cuitry." The brain is known to undergo large-scale wiring
during embryonic development after such drastic events as a stroke or loss of a limb. However, said ...
Faulty wiring in the brain may cause early-onset schizophrenia
...th connectivity," Dr. Ashtari said. "It's like the wiring
in a house, only we are looking at the network of the brain--how the brain is wired." Schizophrenia is a chronic and extremely disabling brain disease that affects one out of every 100 people in the United States. There is no cure. According to San...
Prevent holiday burns, fires
... around the tree and do not let them play with the wiring
or lights. Make sure the tree is at least 3 feet (1 meter) away from any heat source. Position the tree near an outlet so that cords are not running long distances. Do not place the tree where it may block exits. Always unplug Chr...
Midlife brain crisis spawns late-life Alzheimer's
...ain tissue and MRIs clearly shows that the brain's wiring
develops until middle age and then begins to decline as the breakdown of myelin triggers a destructive domino affect. Our time at the peak is short indeed," Bartzokis said. "The challenge for science and medicine is to figure out how to extend the br...
Are our brains wired for race or gender bias?
...atreds, our temperaments and such--to the physical wiring
and physiological functioning of the brain. ...
New technology shows axons are extremely sensitive to directional cues
...k, the developing brain needs a series of critical wiring
connections to be made for it to function properly... brain. "I was curious about the physics of this wiring
up process, which led our lab in a different direction than others who study axonal guidance," said ...
DOE labs, universities and second sight partner to speed development of 'artificial retina'
... degeneration or retinitis pigmentosa where neural wiring
from the eye to brain is intact, but the eyes lack photoreceptor activity. The artificial retina is a device that captures visual signals and sends them to the brain in the form of electrical impulses. The device is a miniature disc that contains an...