Tag: "americans" at medical news

Limiting eligibility for medical studies can omit women and African-Americans

STANFORD, Calif. - A new analysis has found that many alcohol ...treatment studies are designed in ways that inadvertently omit women ...and African-Americans from participation. The Stanford University ...School of Medicine researcher who led the effort said the findings ...should remind all scientists that strict study eligibility criteria ...can have unintended, negative consequences. ... In...

African-Americans perceive people with extreme health problems as less productive and valuable

... For this study, one of the first studies to examine the determinants of health preferences, 4,048 individuals were selected for participation and interviewed in their homes by trained field interviewers. During the interview, respondents were asked to...

Hair straightening chemicals not linked to breast cancer risk in African-Americans

... In the May issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers from Boston University and Howard University Cancer Center found no increase in breast cancer risk due to the type of hair relaxer used or the frequency and duration of use. Women who used relaxers seven or more times a year over a 20 year span or longer had the same risk...

Urologic diseases cost Americans $11B a year

... ... "This research sh...

Outdated policies are impediment for Americans with disabilities

... The report calls on Congress and appropriate federal agencies to improve decision making about what and who Medicare and M...

Health insurance fails to protect Americans from financial risk

... "Widespread debt and access problems among insured people represent major product failure in our private health insurance market," stated Carol Pryor, Senior Policy Analyst at The Access Project and co-author of...

Americans still not eating enough fruits and vegetables, according to 2 recent studies

"Eat your vegetables" has been heard at the dinner tables of America for a long time. Has the message gotten through? Since 1990 the Dietary Guidelines for Americans has recommended consuming at least two servings of fruits and three servings of vegetables daily. However, two studies published in the April issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine clearly show that Americans are not m...

Many Americans at high risk of vision loss do not have access to eye care

... In 2000, about 3.3 million Americans age 40 or older were visually impaired and more than 11 million of those age 12 and older needed glasses or contact lenses, according to background information in the article. By...

Civic engagement keeps aging Americans mentally healthy after physical decline

... ... Aut...

Americans believe global warming is real, want action, but not as a priority

... These results were reported by Anthony Leiserowitz, a courtesy professor of environmental studies at the University of Oregon, in a talk during the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Francisco. His conclusions, based on a national su...

Americans fear decline in US performance in math and science

WASHINGTONFeb. 1, 2007More than half of Americans (52%) don't believe the U.S. is performing well in science and math education compared to other nations, but they know science is very important (85%), according to a recent poll commissioned by Research!America. Most (87%) rate being a scientist as one of the most prestigious careers, yet 75% cant name a living scientist. Sixty-four percent dont...

New report reveals African-Americans may lack key nutrients for optimal health

Rosemont, Ill. February 1, 2007 A new report released today in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association reveals that African Americans in all age groups have lower average intakes of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus and consume fewer servings of dairy foods than non African Americans. African Americans in all age groups do not meet the 2005 Dietary Guidelines recommendation for three...

Travel outside of the US causing increased health risks to Americans

... ... ... Trends in Travel-Associated Dengue A...

In case of pandemic flu majority of Americans willing to make major changes in their lives

... ... To view th...

'Living While Black' index measures variety of stress factors for African Americans

Penn State researchers have developed a Living While Black index, which combines the impact of economic, social and health factors affecting African Americans. ... Dr. Shaun Gabbidon, associate professor of criminal justice, and Dr. Steven Peterson, professor of politics and public policy, both at Penn State's Harrisburg campus, recently published their findings in the September issue of the Jo...

Insufficient sleep associated with poorer blood glucose control in African Americans with diabetes

... Many individuals in modern society experience a chronic lack of adequate sleep, either because they voluntarily stay up late or because they have difficulty sleeping, according to background information in the article. Accumulating evidence suggests that restricting sleep may affect the ability of the body to process sugar (glucose)...

Over 1.6 million Americans use CAM for insomnia or trouble sleeping

... In 2002 the NHIS, an in-person, annual health survey, included over 31,000 U.S. a...

Progression of diabetic retinopathy among African-Americans with diabetes

... Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce enough insulin to process sugar (glucose) into energy. Over time, the resulting high levels of glucose in the blood can cause damage to nerves and blood vessels, including those of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy, a type of diabetes-r...

Mexican Americans have higher risk of stroke recurrence

), th...

African Americans have lower response rate to standard therapy for hepatitis C

... Researchers from the Study of Viral Resistance to Antiviral Therapy for Chroni...

Africans much better than North Americans at taking anti-HIV meds

... "This review contradicts a historical anticipation of poor adherence by Africans to antiretroviral regimens that was offered as a rationale to delay providing these therapies. If one had considered adherence simply on the basis of evidence, Sub-Saharan Africans would have had access to these life-saving therapies earlier," said study lead author Edward Mills, PhD, MSc, director of the Centr...

Intermittent explosive disorder affects up to 16 million Americans

A little-known mental disorder marked by episodes of unwarranted anger is more common than previously thought, a study funded by the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has found. Depending upon how broadly it's defined, intermittent explosive disorder (IED) affects as many as 7.3 percent of adults 11.5-16 million Americans in their lifetimes. The st...

Over 80 million Americans risking early death through smoking or obesity

Over 80 million American adults are putting themselves at serious risk of long-term illness and early death through smoking, obesity, or both, finds a study published on bmj.com today....... Smoking and obesity are two of the leading causes of death and illness in the United States, but the overlap between the two conditions has never been measured....... Using data from the 2002 national health...

Study finds most Americans have good vision, but 14 million are visually impaired

A National Institutes of Health (NIH) study has found that although 94 percent of Americans aged 12 and older have good vision, the remaining six percent, or 14 million, are visually impaired. Of these, more than 11 million have uncorrected visual impairment, such as nearsightedness. They need eyeglasses or contact lenses to improve their vision. Teenagers, people with diabetes, Hispanics, and pe...

Americans less healthy than English

Middle-aged to older U.S. residents have higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, heart attack, stroke, lung disease and cancer than their English counterparts, according to an article in the May 3 issue of JAMA. ...... The United States spends considerably more money on medical care per capita ($5,274) than the United Kingdom ($2,164). However, whether greater financial expenditure...

Study finds middle-aged Americans not as healthy as English counterparts

White middle-aged Americans are not as healthy as their English counterparts, and in both countries lower income and education levels are associated with poorer health, according to a new comparison of key American and English health surveys. The healthiest Americans in the study--those in the highest income and education levels--had rates of diabetes and heart disease similar to the least health...

African-Americans report less trust in health care providers than whites

A national survey suggests that African-Americans may have lower levels of trust in physicians, nurses and other health care providers than whites, especially if they regularly receive care in a facility other than a physician's office, according to an article in the April 24 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.... ...Physicians and researchers are increasing...

Smoking may cause far more cancer deaths in Asian Americans than previously recognized

Korean, Chinese, Japanese, and Vietnamese American males living in California die of cancer at three times the rate of South Asian females in California, whose cancer mortality rate is one of the lowest in the world. ...... According to a new study by UC Davis Cancer Center researchers, such disparities between genders and Asian and Pacific Islander ethnic groups can be explained almost entirely...

Only four percent of Americans with bladder problems seek medical help

As few as four per cent of US adults with overactive bladders (OAB) seek medical treatment, despite the condition affecting an estimated 34 million Americans over the age of 18, according to research published in the March issue of the urology journal BJU International....... A team led by Dr Sunny Kim from Florida International University looked at national Government databases covering visits t...

Lumbee Native Americans have higher cardiovascular risks

The Lumbees of south central North Carolina -- the second largest Native American tribe east of the Mississippi River -- have a significantly higher burden of cardiovascular risk factors than do similar non-Lumbees, according to a new analysis by Duke Clinical ......Research Institute researchers. They said their findings exemplify the need to identify specific groups most vulnerable to heart dis...

Hypertension drug may restore cardiovascular function in African Americans

Nebivolol, a drug for treatment of high blood pressure available in Europe, may restore damaged cardiovascular functions in African Americans, according to a recent laboratory study at Ohio University....... Tadeusz Malinski, Marvin & Ann Dilley White Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, found that the drug, currently under review by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, acts on the level of...

New technology likely to facilitate independence for older Americans

"Aware" home technology has the potential to enhance the safety and well-being of aging Americans, according to an article in the Fall 2005 issue of the Public Policy & Aging Report, a quarterly publication of the National Academy on an Aging Society.... ...Many older adults live alone, deal with chronic medical conditions, and experience age-related changes in movement control and cognitive abil...

Simple system predicts mortality of older Americans with 81 percent accuracy

Researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center have created an index that is 81 percent accurate in predicting the likelihood of death within four years for people 50 and older....... The index, which weighs different mortality risk factors according to a simple point system, is potentially useful to health care providers, policymakers, and researchers, say the study authors. ...... The infor...

High blood pressure and kidney disease increase risk for heart disease and stroke in older Americans

Older Americans with high blood pressure and moderate to severe chronic kidney disease have a greater chance of developing heart disease than people with normal kidney function. This finding is one of three in a new paper published in the Feb. 7 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine. ...... The study also found these patients are at higher risk for developing heart disease than kidney failure...

New study says two million Americans harbor drug-resistant superbug

New research estimates that about 2 million people carry a strain of drug-resistant bacteria in their noses. The research, conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), is the first reliable nationwide estimate of colonization with Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It is published in the Jan. 15 issue of The Journal of Infect...

New study finds that older Americans may improve memory by exercising their brains and bodies

New research released today at the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology's Annual Meeting found that older Americans may improve their memory by making simple lifestyle changes including memory exercises, physical fitness, healthy eating and stress reduction. The study was conducted at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and funded by the Fran and Ray Stark Foundation Fund fo...

Chronic disability in older Americans greatly overestimated

The rates of chronic disability in older Americans has been substantially overestimated by about forty percent, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the December 12 Archives of Internal Medicine.... ... "Our projections yielded about two million fewer chronically disabled older Americans in 1999, relative to the published estimate of seven million," said Thomas M. Gill, M.D., who co-a...

African-Americans fare better in short term following coronary interventions, find Pitt researchers

...DALLAS, Nov. 16 Racial disparities in cardiovascular outcomes are well-established, however new findings from University of Pittsburgh researchers indicate that African-Americans fare better in the short term following coronary interventions. Results are being presented today in scientific sessions of the American Heart Association meeting held in Dallas.... ...Oscar Marroquin, M.D., assista...

African-Americans have worse quality of life after heart attack or unstable angina

BETHESDA, MD African-American patients have more chest pain, worse quality of life, and worse physical function than white patients one year after suffering acute coronary syndromes, such as heart attacks or unstable angina, according to a new study in the Nov. 15, 2005, issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology....... "This is the first study to examine racial difference in heal...

New survey reveals older Americans' attitudes toward sleep and healthy aging

NEW YORK (November 3, 2005)-- According to results of a new Gallup survey released today by the International Longevity Center-USA (ILC), almost half (46 percent) of older adults receive fewer than seven hours of sleep each night, and a quarter (25 percent) believe they have a "sleep problem." Furthermore, older adults have concerns about taking prescription sleep medications including addiction,...
(Date:10/18/2014)... a sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic conditions, ... with a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional molecular ... JAMA . The study is being released to coincide ... , Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region of ... material present in a cell or organism), has been ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... wages war on the human body. Battles are ... In pancreatic cancer, this stalemate—known as tumor dormancy—can ... malignant, a phenomena that is poorly understood. ... laboratory of Salvatore Torquato, a Professor of Chemistry ... surrounding tumor dormancy and the switch to a ...
(Date:10/16/2014)... respiratory tract infections and worldwide claims the lives ... and Ghent University have succeeded in developing a ... infection. , Xavier Saelens (VIB/UGent): "We discovered ... for the development of a novel approach to ... in numerous small children and elderly people." , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Modeling tumor dormancy 2New perspectives for development of an RSV vaccine 2
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