Tag: "chest" at medical news
Asthma patients' immune systems respond differently with allergies
...isease with symptoms including wheezing, coughing, chest
tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma attacks can be triggered by viral upper respiratory infections, exercise, extreme temperature condition, and chemical irritants and also by the same allergens that cause seasonal allergies to pollen or mol...
Exercise, stress management show physiological benefits for heart patients
...ble heart disease, meaning they did not experience chest
pain while at rest, and exhibited evidence of myocardial ischemia, or reduced blood flow to the heart, during exercise. All participants underwent a battery of psychological and physiological testing before randomization, which was repeated four mont...
New recommendation encourages more activist approach to lung cancer screening
...for lung cancer screening, which currently include chest
X-ray (or chest
radiography) and computed tomography (CT). High-risk individuals should be informed that when lung ...
Abnormal lung cancer screening results may help smokers quit
... at, quitting. Studies of low-dose, fast, spiral chest
CT have supported its use as a potential "teachable moment" to motivate a smoker to quit. A previous study published in CANCER indicated a single, annual CT lung cancer screening did not increase smoking cessation rates. Therefore, perhaps, multiple ...
Technology helps Stanford shed new light on coronary bypass surgery
...ood pathways they have created while the patient's chest
is still open. Until now, doctors were almost neve...the operating table. In most cases, only after the chest
had been closed could doctors get an image of the heart and see whether blood was flowing through th...
Study challenges current treatment for mild asthma
...mild, persistent asthma are wheezing, coughing, or chest
tightness two to six days of the week, or awakening due to asthma two or three times a month. Conventional treatment usually requires two prescribed drugs: a "beta agonist" for immediate relief, and daily use of inhaled corticosteroids to reduce airw...
Study shows symptom-driven therapy may be ok for some adults with mild persistent asthma
...have acute symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, or chest
tightness more than twice a week, but not daily, or they have night-time awakenings due to asthma more than two nights a month. The researchers caution that the new findings might not apply to people who have recently developed asthma. In addition, t...
The Cochrane Library newsletter, 2005, issue 2
...have tried using a variety of different methods of chest
physiotherapy to help clear secretions from the tr...ew Authors concluded that they could not recommend chest
physiotherapy using either percussion or vibration techniques for use with these children. "It would...
New research reveals common beliefs about gender differences in health
... UK. (One study found that 30 year old women with chest
pain were much less likely than 30 year old men to be given a cardiac diagnosis, much more likely to be given a psychiatric diagnosis, and around seven times more likely to be considered not to need medical treatment). The University of Glasgow study...
Chest x-rays may provide information to help detect osteoporosis in the elderly
...osteoporosis in the elderly might be discovered if chest
radiographs (x-ray images) that are done for other...uture fractures. The authors suggest that the many chest
radiographs elderly patients undergo for other health reasons might be examined to determine the pre...
Tools for diagnosing heart attack could be inaccurate in some populations
...ose heart attacks, making it difficult to evaluate chest
pain patients. Risk assessment tools have become p...ed on age, gender, health history, questions about chest
pain and an electrocardiogram. "These tools have mostly been tested in an American, mixed-race popu...
Morphine for chest pain increases death risk
...ck have long been treated with morphine to relieve chest
pain, an analysis by researchers from the Duke Cli... in order." Morphine was first used to relieve the chest
pain associated with heart attacks in 1912 and has been used regularly ever since. Nitroglycerin has...
CPR instructions should focus on continuous chest compressions, UT Southwestern physicians recommend
... lay rescuers should focus primarily on continuous chest
compressions instead of the traditional ABC's "ai...able with mouth-to-mouth procedures should just do chest
compressions until emergency medical services crews arrive. The fourth recommendation is that dispat...
Breast CT reaches clinical testing: May improve on mammography
...achines, which would require the breast and entire chest
to be scanned together. When Boone recalculated radiation doses based on scanning the breast alone, he found that CT imaging would use no more radiation than mammography. Scientists at the University of Rochester, the University of Massachusetts, and...
OHSU study says national injury prevention program working
...re. By night's end, he would be paralyzed from the chest
down as his body and bike lay twisted and broken at the edge of the highway. After a month in a coma and years of rehabilitation, Burns' life shifted gears again, when he became a volunteer for ThinkFirst, a national brain and spinal cord injury prev...
Multiple views from CT scans may improve diagnosis
... Baptist has used all three views on abdominal and chest
CT scans of pediatric patients. For their prospective study, they reviewed 44 chest
CT scans and 40 abdominal CT scans and compared reading time and accuracy of the views. Images in th...
Heart scan surprises: CT reveals many non-heart problems, too
...ful 64-slice CT scanners that can image the entire chest
in just a few seconds, allowing even the fast-movi...s Hopkins researchers showed that 16 percent of 75 chest
pain and heart disease patients had major non-cardiac findings on their CTCA scans. The new U-M resu...
New breast shield reduces radiation to female breast during chest CT by up to 73%
...reduces radiation dose to the female breast during chest
CT by 43% to 73% without compromising diagnostic i... and measured the radiation dose incurred during a chest
CT scan at different quadrants of the breast phantom, both with and without the use of their breast ...
MDCT overtakes ventilation-perfusion lung scan for diagnosing pulmonary embolism
...ssentially unchanged," he added. "If a patient has chest
pain and there is clinical suspicion for pulmonary embolism, they are more likely to have a CT performed today than a similar patient would have 15 years ago. Overall this probably results in better patient care because the presence or absence of pul...
Don't skip chest CT in the ER just because x-ray checks out okay, warns study
... in multiple trauma patients that can be caught by chest
CT, say researchers from Massachusetts General Hos...dings of 563 multiple trauma patients who had both chest
CT and plain film X-rays performed. They found that the X-rays missed 40% of clinically significant ...
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