Tag: "dual" at medical news

Jefferson Lab scientists build small-animal imager for German Cancer Research Center

...tegrated with an optical-imaging system to provide dual modality, small-animal imaging. "We're very excite...image bioluminescence and fluorescence markers for dual modality small-animal imaging, which will make it easier to correlate the information provided by th...

Early failure to pay attention to faces, speech may influence later development in autism

...ogram for toddlers with autism that not only has a dual focus on language and cognitive development but also promotes the emotional relationship between a child and other people. "We are examining whether this very early intervention that focuses on social engagement alters the course of development," sh...

NIAID awards first $27 million using new bioshield authorities

...intment of Michael G. Kurilla, M.D., Ph.D., to the dual positions of NIAID Associate Director for Biodefense Product Development, and Director of the Office of Biodefense Research Activities within NIAID's Division of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Dr. Kurilla's primary role will be to provide over...

Lag-time often occurs before new treatments for pediatric HIV infection are used

...rus (HIV) infection has evolved from the single or dual nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) ...nical trial. The researchers found that single and dual NRTI regimens were used most frequently through 1997. In 1998, 2 years after protease inhibitors wer...

Integrated chemical-dependency and mental-health treatment best for adolescents

...hat many of their young patients may actually have dual diagnoses, the resources may not exist to adequately assess and treat those problems, and so they often are not assessed, or go un- or under-treated." "While this may seem like common sense, few alcohol and other drug (AOD) programs for adolescents c...

Low back pain relief, causes, measurement & prosthetic fit, production, comfort

...cognition rehabilitation effective for people with dual diagnosis This study evaluates the effectiveness ...and shown here to be effective for patients with a dual diagnosis of alcoholism and another neuropsychiatric disorder. Forty veterans diagnosed with alcohol...

Protein essential for hearing also vital for pain perception

...Knowles Center for Hearing Research, described the dual role of the protein, TRPA1, in the cover article of the April 20 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. The other authors, all members of his research group at Northwestern University, were Keiichi Nagata, Anne Duggan and Gagan Kumar. Garcia-Aoveros...

New complicated grief treatment holds promise for millions, Pitt researchers report

...rs and relationships or CGT which focuses on the dual problem areas of distress caused by the loss and the survivor's personal goals and restoration of a satisfying life. Both treatments were conducted in 16 sessions over a 19-week period. In CGT, therapists use the IPT structure and attention to interp...

Rice nanophotonics lab gets $3 million training grant

...ics, the opportunity for participants to work with dual advisors from different departments, internship options at a range of industrial and national laboratories and a seminar series featuring internationally renowned visiting speakers. The program also aims to extend Rice's successful undergraduate recr...

Healthy weight means healthier blood lipid profile in children, study finds

...t circumference. They also used the more expensive dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, or DXA, which enables much more precise measures of bone, muscle and fat. The finding that the widely available approaches work well is good news for physicians who want to keep up with children's fatness levels but don't...

Highly active antiretrovirals for HIV can substantially reduce rates of AIDS

...with no treatment in 2,161 patients and HAART with dual therapy (formerly the best treatment option) in 1,276 patients. The analysis used new statistical methods that account for the fact that patients tend to be treated when HIV depletes their immune system, and tend to remain untreated if their immune s...

Optical imaging added to ultrasound improves breast cancer diagnosis

... than twice that of benign group. To perform the dual imaging exam, engineers in Dr. Zhu's lab added NIR sensors to an ultrasound transducer, creating a hand-held probe capable of acquiring both ultrasound images and light waves. The collected images and optical data were then processed using a computer...

Surveillance data suggest that preschoolers drive flu epidemics

...rism," Mandl points out. "But these systems have a dual use, allowing us to look very quickly at the transmission dynamics of diseases like influenza during peacetime."...

Stanford study reveals protein's Jekyll-and-Hyde role in cancer growth

...sor protein has been found to have such a dramatic dual role. But there may be a silver lining in menin's dark side - understanding the mechanism could open up new avenues of treatment for the very leukemias that menin promotes. Normally menin binds with another protein, known as MLL, in the nucleus of a ...

Focus on lung cancer: How to prevent and treat it

...COX and LOX inhibitors, researchers are developing dual function COX-LOX inhibitor products to offer an alternative to combination therapies. In addition, PPARg ligands (peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma), which include anti-diabetic drugs, have shown tumor inhibition in a variety of lung ...

Johns Hopkins study suggests link between caffeine dependence and family history of alcoholism

...during pregnancy. Women in the study without these dual risk factors were able to abstain from caffeine during pregnancy, Griffiths said. "This study helps to validate the diagnosis of caffeine dependence as a clinically significant phenomenon," Griffiths said. "It's one thing to speculate how powerful th...

Trust-building hormone short-circuits fear in humans

...r in autism assessed during faces processing, this dual mode of action of oxytocin in humans suggests a potentially powerful treatment approach toward socially relevant fear," suggest the researchers. People with autism characteristically avert their gaze from faces. A fMRI study [4] reported earlier this...

Weight loss improves bladder control in women with prediabetes

...developing diabetes by 31 percent. "To combat the dual epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes, Americans need to know about the proven benefits of losing some weight through calorie reduction and increased physical activity," said NIH Director Elias A. Zerhouni, M.D. The DPP randomly assigned 3,234 ov...

Elsevier to publish Journal of Clinical Densitometry

...alth professionals involved in the clinical use of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and related techniques. The journal's audience includes physicians from a wide range of specialties--including radiology, endocrinology, rheumatology, and women's health--along with densitometry technologists. Each quarte...

Sound nutrition for children is an unmet human right

... Food Prize International Symposium to address the dual global challenges of malnutrition and obesity. The event marked the first time that this symposium focused on nutrition, rather than agriculture or food systems. Patrick Webb, academic dean of the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tu...

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(Date:7/29/2014)... New research from scientists at the University of Kent ... inside cells are regulated a breakthrough that could ... A team from Kent,s School of Biosciences uncovered the ... within cells known as actin filaments are ... these actin filaments appear to completely stable, providing a ...
(Date:7/29/2014)... breaking new book that brings together two of the ... the profile of insect fossils through stunning photographs and ... and James E Jepson, details the incredible preservation and ... the scene for what these remarkable fossils can tell ... the future of our planet. Like the mosquito in ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for other purposes ... inside human cells, including those that cause Legionnaires, disease, ... mBio , the online open-access journal of the ... identifying non-antibiotic drugs that could one day help curb ... the list inhibit the growth of at least three ...
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