Tag: "lung" at medical news

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April 2005 (first issue)

... study of 752 French patients who underwent either lung or heart-lung transplantation, investigators revea...time and long-term survival after single or double lung transplantation. (Graft ischemic time was defined as the interval between the application of the aor...

Asthma patients' immune systems respond differently with allergies

...rden. Asthma is a chronic obstructive inflammatory lung disease with symptoms including wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Asthma attacks can be triggered by viral upper respiratory infections, exercise, extreme temperature condition, and chemical irritants and also by the sam...

Six organizations vie for INFORMS 'science of better' innovation prize

...rug approved - and, with initial chemotherapy, for lung cancer after disease progression. ALIMTA is now under broad clinical investigation worldwide for treatment of other common cancers such as breast, colorectal, and head and neck cancers. General Motors: Using operations research to achieve one of i...

Antioxidant may have adverse effects in head and neck cancer patients

...ferent large trial found an increased incidence of lung cancer among smokers receiving beta-carotene.) Participants were followed for a median of 52 months. Compared with patients given a placebo, patients who received alpha-tocopherol supplements had a higher rate of developing a second primary cancer du...

Asthmatics naturally deficient in antiviral immunity, report scientists

...lmost completely protected from infection of their lung cells. The asthmatic cells displayed very deficient interferon responses, and the researchers found that replacing the interferon protected these cells from infection, making them behave like normal cells again. The team now believe this discovery co...

Insomnia, falls in elderly linked

...er adults with sleep problems, including heart and lung problems, arthritis and acid reflux. Incontinence, dementia and Parkinson's disease also affect sleep. "In many older adults, complaints of insomnia may be the tip of the iceberg, resulting from many other coexisting problems," says Avidan, an assis...

ISHLT updates guidelines for heart and lung transplants

The process for prioritizing heart and lung transplant candidates and determining the treatmen... have radically changed the landscape of heart and lung transplant medicine and the outlook for patients living with heart or lung disease. "We urgently nee...

OHSU develops instant, computerized notification system to communicate patients' end-of-life wishes

...how to react. For example, a patient with advanced lung disease may want to be hospitalized with pneumonia, but may not want to be placed on a breathing machine in the intensive care unit. Doctors need to know this immediately to respect the patient's wishes the minute he or she arrives at the hospital. ...

Data show cyclosporine inhalation solution improves long-term survival in lung-transplant patients

...er organ transplants, long-term survival following lung transplantation has not improved appreciably in th...15 years. According to 2004 ISHLT registry data of lung transplants performed between January 1998 and June 2002, one-year survival remains about 75 percent...

New recommendation encourages more activist approach to lung cancer screening

... RI Physicians caring for people at high risk for lung cancer should assume responsibility of informing their patients about options for screening for lung cancer, according to a group of international physicians. This is the central recommendation of the ...

Abnormal lung cancer screening results may help smokers quit

...sults using computed tomography (CT) to screen for lung cancer are more likely to quit, suggesting an oppo... published in CANCER indicated a single, annual CT lung cancer screening did not increase smoking cessation rates. Therefore, perhaps, multiple abnormal fin...

The world's leading researchers in clinical immunology to gather for FOCIS 2005

...atic areas Antibodies in disease pathogenesies of lung allograft rejection Genetics of immune mediated diseases & transplantation Mast cell, eosinophilis, allergic reactions Advances in rheumatoid arthritis research Emerging laboratory methods Antigen specific control of the immune system Gene ther...

Study challenges current treatment for mild asthma

... and airway scarring that might permanently reduce lung capacity. But the year-long controlled study shows...very day or only during asthma attacks. Changes in lung function, overall frequency of symptoms and the number of severe attacks were about the same, whiche...

Study shows symptom-driven therapy may be ok for some adults with mild persistent asthma

...rate of severe exacerbations and of asthma-related lung function decline as those treated with the standar...hat showed that anti-inflammatory therapy improves lung function and measures of asthma control. However, participants in these earlier studies had asthma t...

Cancer research could lead to improved detection methods

...nstability at fragile sites) in the early stage of lung tumours and continuous exposure to carcinogens inc...ding of this devastating disease; in particular in lung cancer patients where early lesions are rarely identified prior to the diagnosis of the disease."...

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April 2005 (second issue)

... they said that IP-10 was highly expressed in both lung and lymphoid tissues. The investigators pointed out that immunopathologic injury of host cells triggered by the immune response to virus plays a key role in the pathogenesis of virus infections. Many cytokines/chemokines released from activated immu...

Measuring enzymes at end of cancer pathway predicts outcome of Tarceva, Taxol

...tal predictive test currently available is whether lung cancer cells have a mutation in their epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), but that does not predict response to the targeted therapy in other forms of cancer, Ueno says. "We find here that as long as CDK2 is suppressed, the drug works, so develo...

Clinical trial of gefitinib for advanced lung cancer closes early

...apy and radiation for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that had spread only to nearby tiss...at inhibits an enzyme (tyrosine kinase) present in lung cancer cells, as well as other cancers and normal tissues, that appears to be important to the growt...

Hospitalized babies with severe breathing problems may benefit from lying on their stomachs

... in respiratory distress risk oxygen poisoning and lung damage from mechanical ventilators because their l...hereby reducing the associated risk of longer-term lung damage," Wells says. Some physicians recommend a stomach position to adult patients with acute respi...

Combination chemotherapy shows small survival benefit in advanced stomach cancer

...chemotherapy is used on a variety of cancers, from lung cancer to endometrial cancers, and combination therapy is the preferred treatment for advanced stomach cancer in the United States and Europe, according to Wagner. Yet combination therapy for stomach cancer "is regarded as controversial in Japan," wh...

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