Tag: "spect" at medical news

Brightening prospects of using fluorescent nanotubes in medical applications

In a way, nanotubes are natures smallest candles.... These tiny tubes are constructed from carbon atoms and they are so small that it takes about 100,000 laid side-by-side to span the width of a single human hair. In the last five years, scientists have discovered that some individual nanotubes are fluorescent. That is, they glow when they are bathed in light. Some glow brightly. Others glow dim...

Large prospective study examines colon cancer risk in women

A prospective cohort study of 31,783 American women has found no significant association between levels of physical activity and colon cancer incidence. The study, published online February 17, 2006 in International Journal of Cancer, the official journal of the International Union Against Cancer (UICC), is available via Wiley InterScience ( )....... Because exercise has been shown to accelerate...

New perspective on brain function now possible

... Glutamate is one of the most common neurotransmitters in the human brain and is involved in virtually all brain functions. But even though researchers' PET cameras can produce images of other important neurotransmission systems, such as the dopamine and serotonin systems, until now it has not been possible...

Ulcerative colitis sufferers find UC quite disruptive to many aspects of daily life

Wayne, PA May 17, 2007 Nearly three out of four ulcerative colitis (UC) sufferers (73 percent) responding to a new nationwide survey say not feeling well has become a normal part of life. Furthermore, they describe UC as disruptive when it comes to their relationship with a spouse (64 percent), their sexual relations (75 percent) and their emotional state (82 percent).... ...UC patients "norma...

Major discovery raises prospect of better patient care by improving platelet life span

... An undesirable side effect of cancer chemotherapy is extensive bruising and potentially life-threatening bleeding. This is caused by the unintended depletion of platelets, tiny circulating blood cells that are essential for blood clotting and wound healing....

Fiber-based light source promises improvements in food inspection

... Currently, industrial processes for inspecting foodstuffs and other items often use "line-scan" cameras, which record images of objects one line at a time, just as fax machines scan documents o...

End-of-Life Care: Bioethical Perspectives and Conflict Resolution

... END-OF-LIFE CARE: BIOETHICAL PERSPECTIVES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION...A David G. Trager Public Policy Symposium Sponsored by the Center for Health, Science and Public Policy ... Thursday, February 8, 2007, 9:00 am 5:00 pm, 250 Joralemon Street, Brooklyn, New York 11201...RSVP: ... End-of-life care is vitally important to patients, their families, medical providers, and the public. Yet no...

Public meeting Jan. 4 on research priorities on EHS aspects of engineered nanoscale materials

The Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology (NSET) Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Technology is holding a public meeting on Thursday, January 4, 2007 in Arlington, Va., to receive input on research needs related to the environmental, health, and safety (EHS) aspects of engineered nanoscale materials. The NSET Subcommittee is looking for input on...

High-tech spectroscopy may be used to monitor neuropsychiatric symptoms

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) may provide a noninvasive way to monitor neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with lupus, according to results from research in mice at Wake Forest University School of Medicine.... "This study is the first to demonstrate that MRS is a feasible method to monitor neuropsychiatric symptoms in lupus," said Nilamadhab Mishra, M.D., the prin...

Blood transfusion-transmitted infections: A global perspective

... In the September 28 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Morris Blajchman, professor of Medicine at McMaster University, and medical director, Canadian Blood Services (Hamilton Centre), with co-author Dr. Eleftherios Vamvakas of Ottawa, puts into perspective the continuing risk of transfusion-transmitted infections as well as the possible safety interventions that might red...

Are antibiotics for suspected childhood meningitis harmful?

Should children with suspected meningitis be given antibiotics before transfer to hospital?...... Several European countries advise doctors in primary care to do this, but the evidence is conflicting, with some studies suggesting benefit and others suggesting harm. Two papers in this week's BMJ add to this uncertainty....... One shows that children who are given antibiotics before admission to ho...

MR spectroscopy significantly reduces need for breast biopsy

OAK BROOK, Ill.--In a study featured in the June issue of Radiology, researchers found that imaging suspicious breast lesions with magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy reduced the need for biopsy by 58 percent. The investigators, from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York, discovered that with the addition of MR spectroscopy to their breast MR imaging (MRI) protocol, 23 of 40 suspici...

Therapeutic prospects beyond Vioxx

Philadelphia, PA Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have clarified the mechanism by which drugs like Celebrex and Vioxx cause heart problems, in multiple animal models. The findings offer the prospect of a new generation of anti-inflammatory drugs that bypass this issue, as reported in the April 13 advanced online edition and May print issue of The Journal of Clinic...

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders among children living in Russian 'Baby Homes'

... Researchers have examined a sample of children living in Russian "Baby Homes" for features that are indicative of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). ... More than half of the Baby-Home residents were found to have intermediate (45%) or high (13%) phenotypic expression scores, consistent with a diagnosis of FASD.... Long-term outcomes of children with FASD can be improved by early diagn...

A fork in memory lane: UCSD research indicates hippocampus supports two aspects of recognition

Anyone who has recognized a person but then struggled with the particulars "I know I know her, but how?" can also appreciate the distinction between "familiarity" and "recollection." ... ...Recollection, as defined by memory specialists, is the ability to call up specific details about an encounter, while familiarity is simply knowing that someone or something has been encountered before. Both...

Conference examines social perspectives on health disparities

The Chicago Center of Excellence in Health Promotion Economics (CCEHPE) will present a conference on "Respecting Differences/Reducing Disparities: Social Science Perspectives on Health Disparities," on Fri., Oct. 28, 2005, at the University of Chicago's Ida Noyes Hall, 1212 East 59th St., Chicago, IL....... "The first step toward eliminating health disparities, whether they are racial, ethnic, so...

Senator Arlen Specter to be honored at AACR gala

PHILADELPHIA -- US Senator Arlen Specter (R- Pa) will be honored with the AACR Public Service Award for his tireless efforts to strengthen the nation's biomedical research capability. The Award ceremony will take place at the "One World, One Quest" gala at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia on November 13, 2005. ......The American Association for Cancer Research, the nation's oldest...

1.7m to build world's first SIMS instrument combined with infra-red spectroscopy

The University of Manchester has been awarded 1.7m to build a new instrument which will for the first time combine ToF-SIMS and infrared spectroscopy opening up new possibilities in the study biological, organic and inorganic materials....... The capabilities of the instrument, which is expected to be built within two years, will be tested on materials such as prostate cancer tissue and environme...

Definitive gene screen confirms MS suspects

San Diego -- A cluster of genes on chromosome six is the only one that plays a significant role in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to the most complete genetic study to date in the disorder, presented at the 130th annual meeting of the American Neurological Association in San Diego....... "Our results confirm the strong role of the major histocompatibility complex genes in MS, and provides a d...

MRSA is a global problemperspectives from around the world

MRSA (meticllin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is everybody's business, not only that of hospital epidemiologists and a few opinion leaders, conclude experts contributing to a global debate in the October issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases. ...... The debate brings together viewpoints from across the world as MRSA experts share the challenges that individual countries face in trying to con...

Biosensor reveals new information about suspected cause of Alzheimer's disease

WASHINGTON, Aug. 31 Chemists and biologists at Northwestern University have found a way to detect and estimate the size and structure of a miniscule toxic protein suspected of triggering Alzheimers disease. The findings, researchers say, could help scientists better understand the underlying mechanisms of the disease and lead to the development of new treatments that could slow or possibly arres...

Coalition's refusal to record Iraq's civilian deaths failing to respect international law

The US-led Coalition is failing to respect the Geneva Conventions by refusing to facilitate an accurate count of civilian deaths in Iraq, states an editorial in this week's issue of THE LANCET. ...... Last week, a dossier produced by Iraq Body Count (IBC), an organisation set up with the aim of tracking civilian deaths in Iraq, revealed that 24 865 civilians have died since the war in Iraq began....

MR spectroscopy helps identify cancerous breast tumors

OAK BROOK, Ill.--Measuring the biochemical changes in breast tumors with magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy enables radiologists to more accurately distinguish benign tumors from cancerous ones, according to a study appearing in the August issue of the journal Radiology. ..."Adding spectroscopy to breast MR examinations will not only reduce concern over possible missed cancers and unnecessa...

New model may better predict outcomes for children with autism and autistic spectrum disorders

A new classification tool may allow healthcare professionals treating children with autism and autism-related disorders to more systematically sort out the combination of traits in the condition, and to better predict how children may improve over time. If the model holds up to further study, it may also allow researchers to gauge the effectiveness of different autism treatments....... Developmen...

Pediatricians' opinions vary on reporting threshold for suspected child abuse

HERSHEY, PAWhat look like playground injuries to one physician, may be suspected child abuse to another. A Penn State College of Medicine study reports that there is widespread inconsistency among pediatricians in how they interpret their responsibility to report suspected child abuse.... ...Mandated reporting of child abuse has been in effect for 30 years and requires that people who interact wi...

Psychosocial aspects of genetic testing for hereditary cancers meeting at Jefferson June 9-10

What is the likelihood of developing breast cancer if I have a family history? Should I have genetic testing? What are my options? Is surgery an effective choice? How can I help my children? What do I tell my health insurance company and my employer? ...These are some of the questions confronting individuals who have a history of breast and ovarian cancer in the family and who are considered at...

Eight aspects of early life put UK children at risk of obesity

Three year old children who spend more than eight hours watching television per week are at an increased risk of obesity, finds a study published online by the BMJ this week....... This is just one of eight aspects of early life found to be linked to obesity in UK children, and these results support the theory that the early life environment can determine later risk of obesity....... The study in...

MR spectroscopy may be superior for determining prostate cancer prognosis

A new way of evaluating prostate tumors may help physicians determine the best treatment strategy. Using magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, which provides detailed information on the chemical composition of tissue samples, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) have shown that chemical profiles of prostate tissue can determine a tumor's prognosis better than standard pathologic...

ACP releases 5th Edition of its respected ethics manual

PHILADELPHIA -- (April 5, 2005) The American College of Physicians (ACP) has published the fifth edition of its Ethics Manual. The ACP Ethics Manual appears in the April 5, 2005, issue of Annals of Internal Medicine, published by ACP. ... The new Ethics Manual revisits and expands on issues of earlier editions, such as patient privacy and confidentiality, complementary and alternative medicine,...

Bone SPECT superior to FDG PET for detecting bone metastases in breast cancer

Bone SPECT is better than FDG PET for detecting breast cancer that has spread (metastasized) to a patient's bones, according to researchers from Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital in Japan....... FDG PET is an imaging technique based on the increased metabolism of glucose in tumor cells. SPECT is a...type of nuclear medicine scan that detects special radioactive elements administered to the patient...
(Date:11/18/2014)... , Nov. 18, 2014  The Secure Identity ... Association today jointly announce the formation of The ... of its Identity and Biometric Entry and ... Framework received official support from BORDERPOL, the international ... improve and provide expertise regarding border security, traveler ...
(Date:11/18/2014)... BETHESDA, Md. , Nov. 17, 2014 The ... European and U.S. regulatory agencies will speak and at least ... Quality Metrics Conference at the Omni Shoreham Hotel in ... is pleased once again to have significant support from the ... and Europe in our effort to ...
(Date:11/15/2014)... , Nov. 13, 2014  While we may still be ... McCoy used in "Star Trek" to gain instant access to ... to work with smartphones and tablets for monitoring and measuring ... healthcare world. This may seem a tad Orwellian to some, ... adopt some of these technological opportunities into their healthcare regime. ...
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