Tag: "studies" at medical news
Conventional prognostic factors fail to explain better prostate cancer survival in most Asian men
...omic status, and year of diagnosis. Epidemiologic studies
have identified racial differences in incidence an...cities is poorly understood, in part, because most studies
have aggregated all Asians into a single racial category, ignoring the diverse ethnicities that make...
Survival differences by race most apparent in advanced stages of breast cancer
...ntributed to survival differences. Epidemiology studies
have long showed significant racial/ethnic differences in breast cancer survival among U.S. women. African American women have poorer five-year survival rates, and more advanced disease at the time of diagnosis than white women. Whether these dispari...
Patient-centered approach can backfire
...sicians' and patients' age and gender because past studies
have shown that symmetry in those characteristics ...orted how well they followed doctors' orders. Past studies
have shown that patients generally tend to overestimate adherence, Christensen said. Christensen a...
Chinese children with hearing devices benefit from new speech test
...can be directly compared to published results from studies
in North America. The need for these pediatric assessment tools and the audiologists who use them is ever increasing, as the number of hearing impaired children identified through Chinas early screening and intervention programs increases, said Dr....
Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
...AMA/Archives journals. A meta-analysis of previous studies
also published online today found that being confi...iyadh, Saudi Arabia, and colleagues identified six studies
published through 2006 that included 1,065 heat waverelated deaths. All of the studies
Fluctuating eye pressure associated with visual field deterioration in glaucoma patients
...as background information in the article. Previous studies
reported that lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) slowed the advancement of visual field damage in patients with glaucoma. However, even if the IOP can be substantially lowered, reduction of mean [average] and peak IOP does not always prevent progres...
Adverse housing conditions contribute to diabetes risk
...ies as well. The researchers say that additional studies
are needed to determine what specifically increased the risk of diabetes as a result of poor housing conditions, but many factors have already been ruled out. The current study was funded by the National Institutes of Health....
RAND finds cases of undiagnosed diabetes drop sharply
...nd corporate chair of labor market and demographic studies
at RAND, a nonprofit research organization. On a less positive note, Smith found that while disparities in undiagnosed diabetes disappeared over the past 25 years, new disparities have developed based upon education levels. Less educated American m...
Grandparents, older adults encouraged to seek help for a sleep disorder
...ychiatric illnesses report better sleep. Several studies
that outline the negative consequences of bad slee...women. Dr. Krainson notes that several studies
published in recent issues of the journal SLEEP have some interesting findings about older persons a...
Adverse housing conditions contribute to diabetes risk
...r Atlanta or New York City." Schootman says more studies
will be needed to determine what specifically increased the risk of diabetes as a result of poor housing conditions, but many factors have already been ruled out....
Waist-to-hip ratio may better predict cardiovascular risk than body mass index
...oth men and women who develop abdominal fat. Prior studies
examining the association between obesity and cardiovascular risk reported varied results for overweight subjects who eventually had clinical cardiovascular events. The patients often were evaluated for obesity on the sole measurement of body mass in...
Investigators uncover intriguing clues to why persistent acid reflux sometimes turns into cancer
...ng these changes to intestinal-like cells. Other studies
by this group of UT Southwestern digestive disease specialists suggest the alternate cells that eventually take over might be bone-marrow cells. There could be cells circulating from the bone marrow that wouldnt ordinarily end up in the esophagus. ...
Reanalysis of controversial meta-analysis says writing off rosiglitazone may be premature
...ticality and reliability of combining data from 42 studies
that had a variety of trial designs and protocols. Therefore, they believe, the controversy over rosiglitazone's risk will only be resolved when clinical trials focusing on all these issues are completed. ...
Women with migraines and visual symptoms may have higher stroke risk
...clot blocking blood flow to the brain). Few prior studies
have addressed the different potential reasons for an association between migraine and stroke. Researchers analyzed stroke incidence among 386 women 15-to 49-years-old with a first ischemic stroke and 614 women of similar ages and ethnicities who had...
NIH scientists target future pandemic strains of H5N1 avian influenza
...before it emerges. Our findings build on elegant studies
of the influenza HA protein by structural biologists, notes Dr. Nabel. Insight into the structure of the avian flu virus has enabled us to target a critical region of HA that directs its specificity. Such a structure-based vaccine design may allow us...
Despite claims, not all probiotics can treat diarrhea say experts
...bacillus GG was not unexpected as several previous studies
have shown similar results. The other effective preparation contained four bacterial species, two of which have also been shown to protect against diarrhoea in chronically sick children. However, the lack of effect in children receiving Saccharomyc...
Hormone regulates fondness for food
...f time, other people gain weight very easily. More studies
are needed to find out how these brain responses vary in people with weight problems in general. Research is needed to find out how leptin triggers other chemicals in the brain and how alteration of these pathways contributes to overeating and obesit...
Stress may leave your mouth a mess
...etween stress and periodontal diseases; 57% of the studies
included in the review showed a positive relationship between periodontal diseases and psychological factors such as stress, distress, anxiety, depression, and loneliness. More research is needed to determine the definitive relationship between str...
Drug-eluting stent controversy explored in the American Heart Hospital Journal
...rticle on the evidence obtained through pathologic studies
of patients dying after stent implantation. These data indicate that DESs cause both substantial impairment in arterial healing characterized by lack of complete re-endothlialization (the re-healing of the inner surfaces of vessels after stenting) an...
Where's the beef? Not enough of it is on elders' plates, muscle-metabolism study suggests
... making and maintaining muscles. Since nutritional studies
show that many elderly individuals eat less protei...ein synthesis increased by 50 percent. Weve done studies
in the past with specialized drinks containing amino acids the chemical building blocks of proteins...
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