Tag: "abstinence" at medical news
Smoking may interfere with alcoholics' neurocognitive recovery during abstinence
... recovery during their first six to nine months of abstinence
from alcohol. Results are published in the July ...olics and alcoholics who continued to smoke during abstinence
would show comparable levels of recovery after a sustained period of sobriety, he said. Study au...
Choice is a key element in success for smokers who want to quit
...trying to quit, were more likely to maintain their abstinence
for two years than those who received usual care. Participants in the control group were simply given a list of quit resources in the community and were encouraged to visit their doctors for help, while participants in the special program rec...
Brains can recover from alcoholic damage but patients should stop drinking as soon as possible
...rm and function changed over six to seven weeks of abstinence
from alcohol in 15 alcohol dependent patients (ten...e message from this study is that, for alcoholics, abstinence
pays off and enables the brain to regain some substance and to perform better. However, our research...
Study finds gender differences related to eating and body image
...quality of a life," Harrison said. She said that abstinence
from just a few pretzels a day amounting to about...he national obesity epidemic might respond to such abstinence
with, "Good! This is what should happen." "But the fact that this happens even to skinny women mea...
Hormonal contraception does not appear to increase HIV risk
...permicides, sterilization, withdrawal, or periodic abstinence
(the rhythm method), or used no method of contraception. In the study, women seeking care were offered their choice of contraceptive methods, either oral contraceptives or DMPA, as well as condoms. The women were counseled on how to use these meth...
Most US adults in favor of more balanced approach to sex education in schools
...in schools, including teaching children about both abstinence
and other methods of preventing pregnancy and sexu...nservatives supported comprehensive (also known as abstinence
plus) programs, while 19 percent of conservatives, 5.3 percent of moderates and 3.7 percent of liber...
Did 'ABCs' cause Uganda's fall in HIV rates?
... of the world women are not empowered to insist on abstinence
or fidelity, which leaves them at risk of infectio...gns, say Mihailovic and Olupot-Olupot, assume that abstinence
will allow young women to focus on going to school, controlling their relationships, and becoming so...
Long-term abstinence may resolve many of the neurocognitive deficits associated with alcoholism
... concerning to what degree recovery may occur with abstinence
from alcohol. New findings indicate that long-term abstinence
from alcohol can resolve many but not all neurocognitive deficits. Results are published in the...
Alcoholism-treatment medication acamprosate may help abstinent alcoholics sleep better
...lly have dysfunctional sleep patterns, even during abstinence
from alcohol. New findings suggest that acamprosa...leep disturbances experienced by alcoholics during abstinence
Alcoholics generally don't sleep well. Nor does abstinence
improve the situation much. In fact, sl...
New medication appears effective in helping smokers kick the habit
...e daily, providing the highest rates of continuous abstinence
across all treatment groups, including bupropion,"..., 1 milligram twice daily, may assist in promoting abstinence
and preventing relapse," they conclude. (Arch Intern Med. 2006;166:1561-1568. Available pre-embargo...
Study demonstrates successful HIV-prevention program for Latino youth
..., based on several behavioral theories, emphasizes abstinence
and condom use as culturally accepted and effectiv... The study also demonstrates that addressing both abstinence
and condom use within a curriculum can affect both behaviors. "The intervention's positive effect...
Tailored HIV-prevention program effective for Latino youth
An HIV prevention program emphasizing both abstinence
and condom use may help decrease risky sexual behavior among Latino adolescents, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. HIV and AIDS disproportionately affect La...
Studies indicate medication can be an effective therapy for smoking cessation
... more per day) with fewer than 3 months of smoking abstinence
in the past year. The randomized, double-blind, ph... The carbon monoxideconfirmed 4-week continuous abstinence
rate for weeks 9 through 12 was superior for varenicline (44.0 percent) vs. placebo (17.7 percent) a...
Merck and GSK need to overcome cultural barriers to cervical cancer vaccine roll-out
... believe sex education at this age would undermine abstinence
education, and encourage inappropriate sexual activity at a young age. The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced on June 5 that it will give US$27.7 million to PATH--the programme for appropriate technologies in health--to fund research on how...
Smoking, eating and thinking: New research on the brain, hormones, and behavior
...rtisol. Participants who relapsed eight days after abstinence
from cigarettes were more likely to have a drop in the ratio between DHEA and cortisol as measured in their plasma than smokers able to maintain abstinence. According to lead researcher Ann Rasmusson, M.D., director of the neuroendocrine laboratory i...
Enhanced brain response to smoking cues found in African American compared with caucasian smokers
...8 African American, 9 Caucasian) after 12-hours of abstinence
and 17 nonsmokers (8 African American, 9 Caucasian)....
'Rhythm method' may kill off more embryos than other methods of contraception
...he Journal of Medical Ethics. The method relies on abstinence
during the most fertile period of a woman's menstrual cycle. For a woman who has regular 28 day cycles, this is around days 10 to 17 of the cycle. It is the only method of birth control condoned by the Catholic Church, because it doesn't interfere wi...
New kind of drug could increase number who quit smoking
... with varenicline than placebos and that long-term abstinence
rates, for the first year, were more than twice those of placebos. "Almost 20 countries and numerous US states have already announced or implemented comprehensive indoor smoking bans and that figure is rising all the time" adds Dr Foulds. "Here i...
Successful treatment of alcoholism found in the doctor's office
...rmacists firstreviewed the diagnosis, recommended abstinence
and dispensed pills. In20-minute follow-up visits, providers asked about a patient's drinking,general health, and medication adherence and dispensed additionalmedications. All trial participants were alcohol dependent patients who recentlyabstained f...
Effective alcohol dependence treatments defined
...ssed the odds of good clinical outcome, defined as abstinence
or moderate drinking without alcohol-related problems. As in other large clinical trials, the researchers found that most patients showed substantial improvement during treatment and that both the overall level of improvement and the differences betw...
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