Tag: "abuse" at medical news
Rockefeller University researchers are changing the face of drug addiction treatment
...ple addicted to heroin, alcohol and other drugs of abuse
often fail to stay clean because they won't go to or won't stay in treatment. Reporting in the January issue of the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment , Scott Kellogg, Ph.D., and Mary Jeanne Kreek, M.D., at The Rockefeller University, and colleagu...
Brain region recovery possible in former methamphetamine users
...th for the neurobiology of addiction and substance abuse
treatment," the authors conclude. "Additional longitudinal studiesare needed to further understand the underlying physiological changes of stimulant drugs on the human brain."...
Post-traumatic stress disorder common among refugees in western countries
... numbing that might be a risk factor for substance abuse
and suicide. About 13 million people are classified as refugees worldwide. Refugees could be at excess risk of psychiatric morbidity because of forced migration, traumatic events, and resettlement in unfamiliar environments. However, the prevalence o...
OHSU scientist helping explain basis of psychotic behavior
... drugs used to treat schizophrenia, prolonged drug abuse
and other diseases with psychotic symptoms. But scientists are only beginning to understand the cascade of events that allow dopamine receptors to signal that they have found and bound the neurotransmitter dopamine. "The more we understand about the...
Secret loves, hidden lives?
...ect result of their sexuality. Much of the verbal abuse
came from close family members. Half of the people interviewed had been physically or verbally abused by strangers on the street or on public transport. Experiences of depression and loneliness featured heavily in people's accounts. Two men spoke...
Feeling safe and secure? CUMC scientists find it's all in the caudoputamen
...fe for the first time,' so it may be that drugs of abuse
artificially activate some aspect of this safety mechanism." Anxiety disorders previously linked only to fear Most anxiety research focuses on the brain's fear circuits and it's easy to understand why. Fear, after all, is the problem in anxiety dis...
Child sex abuse policy recommendations published in Science magazine
... the creation of a new national institute on child abuse
and interpersonal violence in a major policy artic...h aimed at determining the prevalence of child sex abuse
and identifying its causes, consequences, prevention and treatment expansion of the National Child...
How can we use a human rights approach to help improve the lives of those with mental disabilities?
...(MDRI), document some of the worst examples of the abuse
of people in psychiatric institutions and argue that adopting a human rights framework would help to prevent such abuse. In Kosovo, for example, MDRI learned that women were raped in psychiatric facilities in plain view of local staff and internati...
Community efforts can reduce alcohol fatalities
...al crashes by providing better access to substance abuse
treatment while reducing the availability of alcoh...d use of increased individually-oriented substance abuse
treatment and environmental strategies to reduce alcohol availability." Researchers led by Ralph W. ...
More effort needed to prevent pattern of child abuse developing in families
...63 Canadian families with confirmed child physical abuse
or neglect, Harriet MacMillan (McMaster University...ts by public-health nurses prevented recurrence of abuse
when compared with standard services from child protection agencies (CPA). Standard services include...
More effort needed to prevent pattern of child abuse
...63 Canadian families with confirmed child physical abuse
or neglect, Harriet MacMillan, professor of psychi...ts by public-health nurses prevented recurrence of abuse
when compared to standard services from child protection agencies (CPA). Standard services include...
Two studies offer clues about how alcoholic behavior is 'switched' on
...king behavior in mice and rats. "Stopping alcohol abuse
will never be as simple as turning on or off a 'sw...p us better understand the mechanism(s) of alcohol abuse
and assist in the development of specific, molecular-based treatments."...
Some primary care residents feel unprepared to provide preventive counseling
...el patients in areas such as depression, substance abuse
and domestic violence, according to a report from ...o deal with issues involving depression, substance abuse
and domestic violence. There were some differences by specialty, with the obstetrics/gynecology res...
Investigating the appropriateness of current alcohol-use disorder criteria for adolescents
...e downstream impact on the estimated prevalence of abuse
and dependence diagnoses; and three, that certain ..." The most prevalent criterion of DSM-IV alcohol abuse
was "hazardous use." The high prevalence of "tolerance," "time spent," and "hazardous use" among t...
Integrated chemical-dependency and mental-health treatment best for adolescents
...ound that the majority of adolescents in substance abuse
treatment also have mental health problems, however, most of these studies have been conducted in public programs. We found that even in a private, commercially insured population that has good access to services, these rates were high. Clearly," s...
Radiologists play key role in child abuse cases: Electronic exhibit outlines signs of abuse
An estimated 906,000 children were victims of abuse
or neglect in 2003 (the latest year statistics are...g a key role when these cases and cases of alleged abuse
end up in court. There are a number of indications of abuse
that can be seen using radiography and o...
Discovery of a 'drug anticipation' brain signal
... called the nucleus accumbens. Almost all drugs of abuse
cause release of dopamine from this region--part of the brain's reward system. Such release triggers neurons in other brain regions, generating the pleasurable sensation associated with taking such drugs. The researchers first taught rats to self-adm...
Boys, too, suffer long-term consequences of childhood sexual abuse
...od sexual abuse. Moreover, say the authors, sexual abuse
significantly increases the risk of developing hea... now, most research on the effects of child sexual abuse
has focused on female survivors, and little information was available on male victims. The new study...
Ramelteon demonstrates no abuse potential according to study results
... for insomnia treatment, had no more potential for abuse
than placebo in individuals with a history of poly... Annual Meeting, showed that patients exhibited no abuse
potential or behavioral impairment at up to 20 times the proposed therapeutic dose of ramelteon comp...
Students who get drunk weekly have higher risk of injuries
...dents meet the criteria for a diagnosis of alcohol abuse
and that 2.8 million college students drove under the influence of alcohol last year....
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