Tag: "acute" at medical news
News briefs from the journal Chest, August 2007
...reece, second-line antibiotic use in patients with acute
exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (AECB) is becoming greater, citing an increase in first-line drug resistance among the AECB population. In such instances, macrolides or quinolones are often administered as advanced or second-line antibiotics. To c...
New treatment effective in counteracting cocaine-induced symptoms
...den cardiac death, high blood pressure, stroke and acute
myocardial infarctions. We also found that dexmede...rmine whether the treatment would be effective for acute
cocaine overdose in the emergency room and to gauge whether it would be effective in reversing cocai...
Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly
...Although Rando's research focused on the repair of acute
trauma to muscles, he suspects that the same sort of problem arises on a lesser scale in repairing damage that results from the normal wear and tear of aging. Rando also found that the misdirected stem cells - the ones that failed to generate new m...
Despite claims, not all probiotics can treat diarrhea say experts
... products are marketed as effective treatments for acute
diarrhoea in children, but a study published on b...d five different preparations in 571 children with acute
diarrhoea. All the children were aged 3-36 months and were visiting a family paediatrician with acut...
Long heat waves boost hospital admissions
...ns for disorders of fluid and electrolyte balance, acute
renal failure, and heat stroke rose by 16 percent, and breathing disorders by five percent. Individual hot days cause fewer problems, suggesting that people can recover during cooler breaks in the weather. Usually the first heat wave of the summe...
ACC/AHA release revised UA/NSTEMI guidelines
... death in the United States, and UA and NSTEMI are acute
manifestations of this condition. In 2004, the Na...professionals who evaluate and treat patients with acute
coronary syndrome. They focus on the diagnosis, treatment and management of patients with UA and the...
Many heart attack patients still not getting emergency clot-busting treatment
...try, which it sponsors. To track the changes in acute
(emergency) reperfusion therapy over time, the res...ould be judged in part by their ability to deliver acute
reperfusion to as many candidate patients as possible. Our findings support the incorporation of a m...
Shining light on pancreatic cancer
...es of the pancreas such as chronic pancreatitis or acute
pancreatitis can be distinguished with our technology from pancreatic cancer. It is also important for us to validate our prediction rule on a larger number of pancreatic cancer cases as well as different control groups." said co-author Randall Brand...
Method shows promise for early detection of pancreatic cancer
...ent chance of significant complications, including acute
pancreatitis. In the study, biopsies of normal-looking tissue were taken from the duodenum near the opening of the pancreatic duct for analysis. For each sample, light is shined on the tissue. The light scatters and some of it bounces back to senso...
USC law professor battles schizophrenia
...ce adolescence, Saks has battled schizophrenia and acute
psychosis. After decades of hiding her illness, Saks has published a memoir about her struggles and successes in The Center Cannot Hold: My Journey Through Madness (Hyperion, 2007). Up until now, only Saks closest friends knew of her condition whi...
SMS your ECG to ER
...time around the world. Lives can often be saved if acute
care and cardiac surgery are carried out within the so-called golden hour. And, survival rates are on the increase as treatments improve. However, this means there are more and more patients whose cardiac health has to be monitored so that follow-up ...
Lower mortality rates associated with hospitals that rank highest on quality of care indicators
...would die each year in the surveyed hospitals from acute
myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF) and pneumonia, three common medical conditions. The findings appear in the July/August 2007 issue of the journal Health Affairs. These findings show that these quality indicators, which ar...
Needle-stick injuries are common but unreported by surgeons in training
...ce of virus in more than 90 percent of people with acute
HCV infection. Previous studies suggest that an estimated 600,000 to 800,000 needle-stick injuries are reported each year by U.S. health care workers. Furthermore, a recent study of a general surgical service in an urban academic hospital revealed t...
Intensive-care patients with alcohol problems are more likely to require mechanical ventilation
...e, said de Wit, certain critical illnesses such as acute
respiratory distress syndrome carry a high mortali...le-disease entities such as pneumonia, sepsis, and acute
respiratory distress syndrome, said de Wit, this study supports and extends previous findings to a h...
Millennium development goals: Are we on track?
...n humanitarian settings (saving lives and reducing acute
malnutrition) into development interventions. Development efforts can address these issues by improving protocols and products for treating malnutrition, and preventing malnutrition by enhancing behaviors and choices that lead to improved nutrition t...
Damon Runyon renews its $2.25 million investment to support young clinical cancer investigators
...d leukemias and lymphomas. Current therapies for acute
lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common pediatric cancer, are effective but have severe short and long term side effects. More targeted and less toxic therapies are needed. Dr. Graham has identified the Mer tyrosine kinase as a critical media...
Performance-related financial incentives for hospitals not linked with improved quality of care
...ate in the United States, including indicators for acute
myocardial infarction (heart attack). Participatin...uded an analysis of data for 105,383 patients with acute
non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (a certain pattern on an electrocardiogram following ...
Research shows survival benefit for leukemia patients treated with arsenic trioxide
...therapy treatment in newly diagnosed patients with acute
promyelocytic leukemia, or APL. Bayard Powell, M.D., principal investigator of the study and professor and section head of Hematology and Oncology at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, presented the findings today at the annual meeting...
Old memory traces in brain may trigger chronic pain
...hows up in the prefrontal cortex. By contrast, the acute
sensory pain of the burned finger appears in the sensory part of the thalamus. Apkarian also found that the longer a person has been suffering from chronic pain, the more activity in the prefrontal cortex. He was able to predict the years of their...
Nursing home placement associated with accelerated cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease
...nd behavior problems in those with dementia during acute
hospitalization or trips away from home. Patients who had prior adult day care services may be better able to adjust to the unfamiliar environment. "The findings suggest that the transition from the community to a nursing home is particularly diffi...
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