Tag: "acute" at medical news
Study explains why patients with OSA are at higher risk for cardiovascular disease
...higher potentially is the risk of hypertension and acute
heart attack. CPAP treatment would likely restore the physiologic function of the lining of the blood vessels." For the study, 14 men with OSA were recruited from the Sleep Clinic at the Erie County Medical Center, a hospital affiliated with the Un...
FDA approves ZYFLO CR extended-release tablets for chronic treatment of asthma
...dicated for use in the reversal of bronchospasm in acute
asthma attacks, but can be continued during acute
exacerbations of asthma. Leukotrienes are inflammatory mediators in asthma that can trigger asthma ...
New biodegradable magnesium stents for coronary arteries
...ter of the blood vessel within the stent (in-stent acute
gain) increased by an average of 1.41mm. Whilst the stent struts disappear over time, ultrasound confirms they remain present but have been absorbed into the vessel walls, with the space left behind "filled in." The magnesium is eventually replaced b...
Detecting cold, feeling pain: Study reveals why menthol feels fresh
...l receptor TRPM8 -- provides a target for studying acute
and chronic pain, as can result from inflammatory or nerve injury, the researchers say, and a potential new target for treating pain. "By understanding how sensory receptors work, how thresholds for temperature are determined, we gain insight into ...
New system for reporting toxicity burden of cancer treatment
...s managed to identify differences of up to 500% in acute
toxicity burden between certain cancer treatments. Established methods only detected a 170% difference in short term effects between those treatments. Established summary methods were also found to disregard a large amount of important information, a...
Researchers use MRI to predict recovery after spinal cord injury
...ihood of full or partial recovery of patients with acute
spinal cord injuries (SCI), according to a study p... that MRI should be performed on all patients with acute
SCI whenever feasible as it provides information with prognostic value and serves to guide the clini...
Brain activity reflects differences in types of anxiety
...s nearly a dozen different anxiety disorders, from acute
stress disorder to obsessive-compulsive disorder to panic attack and PTSD. But those who study and treat patients with anxiety disorders do not always differentiate the patients who worry, fret and ruminate from those who experience the panic, rapid ...
Increasing radiation dose shortens treatment time for women who choose breast sparing treatment
...ole breast irradiation). The primary endpoint was acute
skin toxicity. "Acute toxicity on this clinical trial is not only acceptable but also compares favorably with the results seen for conventional standard fractionated radiation therapy," Freedman said. At the end of treatment, none of the women had...
Complications of type 2 diabetes in young people -- a ticking bomb
...nver, Colorado, USA reviewed a range of reports on acute
and long-term illness associated with type 2 diabetes in young people. The reports reviewed indicate that these complications are being identified at an early age and usually at the time of diagnosis. Furthermore, studies to date suggest that early...
Same-day coronary angiography and surgery safe for many patients
...angiography the same day as surgery is the risk of acute
kidney failure, an independent predictor of death after cardiac surgery; mortality rates have been reported as high as 44.4 percent to 63.7 percent, the researchers report. The dye used in angiography is associated with radiocontrast-induced nephropa...
GI screening: Racing time or wasting time?
...alth System. "Whether the patient's condition is acute
or chronic, detection and time are crucial factors...ficult to assess whether a patient is experiencing acute
appendicitis or has an intestinal upset. CT, or computed tomography, scans can help determine if th...
Nearly half of children in Kenya with common type of severe malaria affected neurologically
... neurological involvement of African children with acute
falciparum malaria (a severe type of malaria). The...urred in almost half of the children admitted with acute
falciparum malaria and commonly manifested as seizures, prostration [a marked loss of strength, as i...
Data showed improved quality of life and patient satisfaction with SYMBICORT
...st-acting inhalers and should not be used to treat acute
symptoms of asthma. Studies of patients treated with SYMBICORT demonstrated clinically significant improvement in lung function occurring within 15 minutes of beginning treatment. SYMBICORT has safety data in long-term studies of up to one year, and...
Ulcerative colitis remission rates from long-term safety study of LIALDA presented at DDW
...eeks on Lialda were eligible for enrollment in the acute
phase of study 303. In this acute
phase, they were given a higher dose of Lialda (4.8g/day, once daily) for an additional eight weeks ...
Gel derived from a patient's own blood may help promote wound healing
... platelet gel appeared to enhance wound closure in acute
full-thickness dermal wounds in healthy subjects," the authors conclude. "Further investigations are needed to confirm the consistency of these results. If further studies support these findings, autologous platelet gel treatment during surgery could...
JCI table of contents -- May 17, 2007
...e appeared to stimulate cartilage repair following acute
inflammation. The authors concluded that blocking aggrecanase-mediated cleavage in the aggrecan IGD alone was sufficient to protect against cartilage erosion in arthritis and may contribute to cartilage repair. The study appears online on May 17 in a...
UCLA Stroke Center receives American Stroke Association's Initial Achievement Award
...nal GWTG steering committee member and director of acute
stroke services at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. "The full implementation of acute
care and secondary prevention recommendations and guidelines is a critical step in saving the lives ...
The quest for an effective HIV vaccine presents new possibilities, challenges
..., caused a reduction in virus levels following the acute
stage of infection, or produced some combination of these effects. In many of these animals, disease progression was also delayed. Based on the scientific evidence, several questions remain, say Drs. Johnston and Fauci: Can a vaccine that does not...
Ottawa aggressive protocol for acute atrial fibrillation is successful
...no consensus on Emergency Department management of acute
atrial fibrillation (AAF) or atrial flutter (AAFL). The Ottawa Aggressive Protocol, consisting of an IV procainamide infusion of 1 gram over 1 hour, electrical cardioversion, if necessary, by ED staff and discharge from the ED with outpatient cardiol...
World-leading innovation in child-allergy detection
... 'immediate' forms of allergy, which involve rapid acute
symptoms upon allergen ingestion, 'delayed' types have also been described since the 1990s. Here, clinical symptoms, usually digestive or cutaneous reactions, occur several hours, days or even weeks after. "These allergies are caused by foods that fo...
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