Tag: "addictive" at medical news
Steps needed to reduce smoking in the US
...cing demand for cigarettes, but do not address the addictive
aspects of tobacco or constrain manufacturers' inc...e content of cigarettes and thereby decrease their addictive
power. The committee noted that this proposal requires further investigation and careful assessment...
Addiction breakthrough may lead to new treatments
...gs may have important ramifications for a range of addictive
substances, including nicotine and opiates, where high consumption rates have also been linked to a similar reduction in this particular brain receptor. Dr Dalley said, "The next step is identifying the gene or genes that cause this diminished supp...
New study demonstrates nicotine's role in smoking behavior
...lth (NIH, USA) reveals that nicotine use is highly addictive
in primates. Although research has demonstrated that tobacco is highly addictive
in humans, there has been persistent debate over the role nicotine plays in reinforcing smoking. Thi...
UCLA expert to discuss medical consequences of meth abuse at AAAS
...rch aims to develop a better understanding of such addictive
disorders as methamphetamine, nicotine, and alcohol, using a translational approach toward rational design of therapeutics. WHEN/WHERE: News Briefing; Thursday, Feb. 15, 2007, 1-2 p.m. PST, AAAS Briefing Room, Nikko Ballroom III, 3rd floor Hotel...
New research identifies gene important for nicotine's effects on the brain
...rs. "They are not just in nerve cells involved in addictive
behavior; these signaling molecules are important throughout the brain and body", says Picciotto. "The more we understand how nicotine changes the function of nerve cells, the better we will be able to neutralize its effects on behavior". Picciotto...
Columbia study examines ADHD's role in smoking
...edicate" their symptoms with nicotine, the primary addictive
substance in tobacco. Participants in the study will receive the nicotine patch, behavioral counseling, and a drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of ADHD called methylphenidate (brand name CONCERT). Because methylph...
A new way of classifying addictive drugs
drugs have diverse molecular targets in the brain,...is research, they propose a new classification for addictive
drugs. The authors say that this new classification "may help in directing research towards more ef...
Use, as well as 'meth mouth,' on the rise
It's cheap, addictive
and can harm your smile for life. Its use is also rapidly increasing both nationally and world-wide. It is methamphetamine. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, more than 12 million Americans age 12 and older reported they had tri...
Nicotine receptors on kidneys may speed kidney damage
...nt of cigarette smoke was only responsible for the addictive
effects of smoking. However, now we are finding out that nicotine can have significant biological effects in other tissues." The kidneys regulate the body's excretion and reabsorption of water and electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, ...
Blunt smokers link dependence potential to nicotine
...tine. However, many suggested that blunts may have addictive
potential because they contain tobacco (nicotine)....ely because tobacco, which contains the physically addictive
ingredient nicotine, is present in the blunts cigar shell. Among those who said they do not think b...
OREXIGEN reports positive 24-week results for Contrave phase III obesity treatment study
...rexone, an opioid antagonist used to treat various addictive
disorders. The bupropion/naltrexone combination is based on the company's underlying research into the brain's regulation of appetite and energy expenditure, which suggests that combining these two central nervous system drugs may improve the ability...
Decision-making impairment appears greater in alcoholics with coexisting personality disorders
...ine if decision-making impairments are specific to addictive
disorders, or can be found within the context of other "disinhibitory" disorders. Results indicate that decision-making impairments underlie both alcohol dependence and cluster B PDs; furthermore, those alcoholics who have a coexisting cluster B PD ...
'Meth mouth' can leave users toothless
...eptember 21, 2006 Methamphetamine is a powerfully addictive
drug that can seriously damage oral health, destroying a person's smile and natural ability to chew, according to the American Dental Association (ADA). More than 12-million Americans have tried methamphetamine (also known as meth, crank, crystal an...
Methamphetamine use restricts fetal growth, study finds
...l effects of methamphetamine, a popular and highly addictive
stimulant. It is also the first prospective study: these infants will be followed over time. Results show that newborns exposed to the drug were not born too soon they were born too small. Methamphetamine appears to restrict the nutrient-rich flow...
Imaging study may help point toward more effective smoking cessation treatments
...ychiatry. "This study illustrates the powerfully addictive
impact of even small amounts of nicotine. Every time a smoker draws a puff from a cigarette, they inhale numerous toxic chemicals that promote the formation of lung cancer, and contribute in a significant way to death and disability worldwide," says ...
Hopkins scientists show hallucinogen in mushrooms creates universal 'mystical' experience
...ybin capsule. The drug has not been observed to be addictive
or physically toxic in animal studies or human populations. "In this regard," says Griffiths, a psychopharmacologist, "it contrasts with MDMA (ecstasy), amphetamines or alcohol." The study isn't the first with psilocybin, the researchers say, thoug...
Study reveals how ADHD drugs work in brain
...'s been a lot of concern over giving a potentially addictive
drug to a child [with ADHD]," says lead author Cra...o play a role in memory formation and the onset of addictive
behaviors, while norepinephrine has been linked with arousal and attentiveness. Berridge notes that...
Physiological markers for cutting, other self-harming behaviors by teenage girls found
...ulsivity, chronic uncertainty about life goals and addictive
behaviors such as using drugs and alcohol. They also have major impact on the medical system by being among the highest users of emergency and in-patient medical services....
Study reveals biochemical signature of cocaine craving in humans
...ted at Brookhaven and elsewhere has shown that all addictive
drugs increase the level of dopamine -- a neurotra...is believed to underlie the reinforcing effects of addictive
drugs, but does not explain the intense desire and compulsive use that occurs when addicted subjects...
Erotic images elicit strong response from brain
...ted with increased vulnerability to alcoholism and addictive
disorders. He believes this study could contribute to that work by detecting differences between responses to images with different emotional significance. Because many psychiatric disorders also are associated with poor processing of signals associa...
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