Tag: "addictive" at medical news

How Internet addiction is affecting lives

...t has properties that for some individuals promote addictive behaviors and pseudo-intimate interpersonal relationships." Nurse practitioners will soon find themselves faced with the issues of "internet addicts" and their inability to get offline. While not yet defined as a true addiction, many are suffering t...

Small study points to addictive effects of frequent tanning

...good" effects that may be similar to those of some addictive drugs. "We had previously shown that ultraviolet light has an effect on mood that tanners value," said Mandeep Kaur, M.D., lead author. "Now, in this small study, we've shown that some tanners actually experience withdrawal symptoms when the 'feel-go...

Researchers test new way to quit smoking

...bit, according to Dr Bullen. "Nicotine is a highly addictive substance. It has been proposed that the stress a person undergoes when giving up cigarettes, coupled with the burden of remembering to use alternative methods of nicotine delivery, is too much too soon. "If a person first becomes used to the patch o...

UCSF research pinpoints brain molecule's role in developing addiction

...in the VTA and is important for the development of addictive behaviors," said Stephanie Borgland, PhD, lead author of the paper and associate research scientist at the Gallo Center. "Now we are trying to determine if blocking orexin signaling can reverse already well established addictions." The scientists cau...

Antipsychotic drug may block addiction, UIC researchers find

...long-approved oral antipsychotic drug can stop the addictive properties of opioid painkillers in mice. The researchers injected a small dose (half a milligram) of trifluoperazine -- used in the treatment of mental diseases such as schizophrenia -- into laboratory mice hooked on morphine. After a few hours the...

Researchers study multi-purpose drug

...ct in parts of the brain that control appetite and addictive behaviors. Results of previous studies show that rimonabant reduces triglycerides and increases HDL-C, or "good" cholesterol, independent of weight loss. The new study, titled STADIVARIUS (Strategy to Reduce Atherosclerosis Development Involving Admi...

Unplanned quit attempts more likely to succeed

...eneral theory of motivation and its application to addictive behaviours. They suggest that public health campaigns should perhaps focus on what might be called the "3 Ts": creating motivational tension, triggering action in smokers who are on the cusp of a change in their orientation to smoking, and immediate...

Smoking while pregnant causes finger, toe deformities

...to be so dramatic," said Dr. Chang. "Smoking is so addictive that pregnant women often can't stop the habit, no matter what the consequences. Our hope is this study will show expectant mothers another danger of lighting up."...

Toward the future of cancer prevention

...variations in genes that "favor" smoking and other addictive behaviors; genes that either protect people from developing cancer or put them at greater risk; and genes that either aid or thwart cancer treatment. The goals of such research, Levin says, are to be able to: Predict those people who might b...

New antidepressant drug increases 'brain's own cannabis'

...nt and pain-relief effects for many years, but the addictive nature and general health concerns of cannabis use make this drug far from ideal as a medical treatment. The active ingredient in cannabis--THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)--stimulates cannabinoid receptors. Funding for this study was provided by the Fonds...

New study finds anabolic steroids may be addictive

...o test whether androgenic-anabolic steroids may be addictive found that hamsters exposed to the compounds demonstrated addictive behavior over time. The research, conducted by the University of Southern California's Keck School ...

Johns Hopkins study suggests link between caffeine dependence and family history of alcoholism

...tudies of caffeine use helped establish the drug's addictive nature, collected data on caffeine and alcohol use from 44 pregnant women seeking prenatal care from a private obstetrics and gynecology practice in a suburban community. Results showed that half of the women who had both a lifetime history of caffei...

Focus on lung cancer: How to prevent and treat it

...icotine that enters the brain, reducing nicotine's addictive effect. Preliminary human studies have been conducted to determine the safety of the nicotine vaccine, as well as the best dosage and optimal dosing schedules. A multi-site clinical trial randomly assigned 68 smokers to receive different doses of v...

Alternative tobacco products: A better, safer option for smokers?

...e the risks, many people have trouble kicking this addictive habit. As a result, health officials and doctors are trying to find less harmful alternatives to cigarette smoking. But some products, like smokeless tobacco, may not be effective replacements, according to research presented today during the America...

Smokers misinformed about smoking's link to cancer

...them to be less harmful. "People smoke to get the addictive drug, nicotine, but the drug alone does not cause cancer. The delivery system, a cigarette full of hundreds of toxic chemicals that are inhaled along with nicotine, does," said Ms. Reichert. "This misinformation leads many smokers to smoke 'light' ci...

Floyd E. Bloom wins 2005 Sarnat Prize in Mental Health

...eurotransmitters, as well as how alcohol and other addictive substances act on the brain. Bloom also pioneered applications of software programs and databases that aid in the imaging and analysis of neurological functions. Based on his conviction that pinpointing gene expressions in the brain will lead to n...

Research offers new approach to developing treatments for cocaine and amphetamine addiction

... like methamphetamine. The study shows that highly addictive drugs, like cocaine and amphetamine, require a neu...drugs, suggesting that the pleasurable and perhaps addictive effects of cocaine, amphetamine, and other stimulants, like methamphetamine, require CART peptides. ...

Problem gamblers share personality profiles of substance abusers

...se with alcohol, marijuana and nicotine-associated addictive disorders, according to an article in the July iss...h problem gambling and each of the three substance addictive disorders. "Past-year problem gambling was significantly associated with past-year alcohol dependenc...

Investigating 'brain shrinkage' in alcoholics

... by immediate than delayed rewards. A hallmark of addictive substances is that they provide an immediate reward in the intoxicating experience. When actively drinking, an individual's inhibition processes become impaired and can further contribute to poor decisions and excessive drinking. With prolonged bou...

Despite alternatives, addictive drugs most often prescribed for sleep problems

...disorder result in the prescription of potentially addictive medications, a new study reports. Office visits by... of medicines that don't have the same potentially addictive side effects, said Rajesh Balkrishnan, the study's lead author and the Merrell Dow professor of phar...

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